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UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA. 

RECEIVED BY EXCHANGE 

Class 




ROBERT B. HAMPTON. 



History of 

HAMPTON BATTERY F 

INDEPENDENT PENNSYLVANIA 
LIGHT ARTILLERY 



ORGANIZED 



At Pittsburgh, Pa., October 8, 1861, 

Mustered out in Pittsburgh, 

June 26, 1865. 




COMPILED BY 

WILLIAM CLARK 

J) 
SECRETARY VETERAN ASSOCIATION 



EXCHANGE 



Copyrighted by William Clark 
1909 

All rights reserved 



MADE BY THE WERNER COMPANY, AKRON, OHIO, AND PITTSBURGH 



TO THE 

SURVIVING MEMBERS OF THE BATTERY 
AND THE MEMORY OF ITS 

GALLANT DEAD 
THIS VOLUME IS DEDICATED 




196259 




PREFACE. 

|T THE Annual Reunion of the Hampton Battery 
Veteran Association held at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 
on October 11, 1 902, the following resolution was 
unanimously adopted: "Resolved, that the Secretary, William 
Clark, be authorized to compile a suitable History of the Battery 
during the Civil War, " which was signed by Benjamin R. Park, 
President, William T. Rees, Assistant Secretary, and Henry 
Hemple, Treasurer. 

After a great deal of labor and research the following volume 
has been prepared, and it is hoped that it will prove of interest to 
the surviving members of the Battery and their friends. 

It is hard to compile a history of any one of the three Pitts 
burgh Batteries in the Civil War, Hampton s, Knap s and Thomp 
son s as they were so closely identified through nearly the whole 
period of the conflict. They were in the same Army Corps and 
Division during the greater part of the four years of their service, 
and the history of one is really the history of all. The three Batter 
ies lost in killed in action or who died of wounds received in the 
service forty-nine men, and nearly double that number were 
wounded. They were in active service nearly four years in the old 
Army of the Potomac, and their history is a part of the history of 
that Army, of which most truthfully and justly at the close of the 
war it was said : * This Army from the beginning has preserved its 
identity like no other of the national forces. The elements of all 
the other armies have been continually changing by transfers from 
one line of operation to another. The Army of the Potomac has had 
but one object, has operated but in one field, has been kept sub- 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

stantially undivided, and has acquired a peculiar compactness of 
organization and unity of spirit. It has always occupied the fore 
ground of the war, and all brilliant exploits elsewhere could but 
momentarily draw the public eye from it. Five times as much blood 
has been spilled by the Army of the Potomac as by all the other 
national forces combined. Everybody has felt that on its strong 
right arm mainly depended the fate of the nation. The Army of the 
Potomac should always be remembered as the Army that was pitted 
against the very head and front of the Rebellion, and sent it finally 
to the dust. Every living man who has faithfully served in that 
Army deserves unfading laurels, and every one of the tens of thou 
sands of its heroic dead should have a monument as enduring as the 
Republic." This is high but merited praise, and Allegheny County 
can feel proud that her most famous military organizations belonged 
to this most famous of our armies. 
Pittsburgh, Pa., April, 1909. 

GEORGE V. MARSHALL, 
ROBERT E. MACOUBRAY, 
DAVID R. LEWIS, 

Advisory Committee. 
WILLIAM CLARK, Historian. 



INDEX. 

44 Absent Without Leave " 156 

Antietam, Battle of 1 06 

Arensberg, Conrad C 79, 101 

Atwood, William 79, 101 

Balken, Henry 76, 101 

Band 149 

Bassett, James 78, 101 

Becker, Isaiah K. 76, 101 

Becker, Samuel B 76, 101 

Berrysville, Battle of 14, 106 

Blackburn s Ford, Battle of 71 , 106 

Bright, Charles R 82, 100 

Bright, John 82, 100 

Brown, Mrs. H. E 18 

Bull Run, Battle of 29-34, 106 

Cavitt, Alonzo 76, 101 

Cedar Creek, Battle of 17, 106 

Cedar Mountain, Battle of 28, 106 

Chancellorsville Campaign 38-55, 106 

Chantilly, Battle of 106 

Charlestown, Battle of 1 06 

Clark, Benjamin M 83, 101 

Clark, William 76, 101 

Comn.Charles W. ,.83, 101 



Dam No. 5, Raid on 12, 106 

" Death of William Hastings " 161 

Dennison, James 85, 1 00 

Duffy, Timothyjr 84, 101 

Engagements, List of 1 06 

Edinburgh, Battle of 16, 1 06 

Fieres, Henry 86, 1 00 

Fisher s Hill, Battle of 106 

Freeman s Ford, Battle of 28, 106 

Front Royal, Battle of 1 06 

Games Cross Roads, Battle of 1 06 

Geary, Captain Edward R 73, 1 32 

Gettysburg Campaign 57-71 , 1 06 

Glasgow, Robert 86, 100 

Hampton Battery " B " 

Ordered to Mt. Gretna 171 

Ordered to Puerto Rico 1 72 

Arrived at Puerto Rico 1 73 

Engagements 1 73 

Ordered to New York 1 74 

Mustered out 1 75 

Roster 1 76 

Hampton Battery " F 

Organization 11 

Equipment 13 

First engagement 13 

Enters Southern territory 14 

Joined by Lieutenant Miller with recruits 27 



Consolidated with Thompson s Battery 55 

Attached to Second Army Corps 71 

Again made independent organization 72 

Roster 73 

Members killed 100 

Members wounded 101 

Members living August 1, 1909 101 

Assignments 105 

Engagements 106 

Annual meets 1 07 

Hampton Battery Veteran Association 107-128 

Hampton, Captain R. B. 

Death of 41 

Biographical sketch 129 

Hancock, Battle of 13, 106 

Hanshaw, Charles 88, 100 

Harrisonburg, Battle of 106 

Hastings, William 28, 87, 100, 161 

Heffernan, Patrick 88, 100 

Helman, William 88, 100 

Herbert, John H 87, 100 

Hess, Henry 30, 88, 100 

Holman, Mathew H 87, 101 

Honorary members of Hampton Battery Association 128 

Hunt, Captain Alfred E 1 68 

Irish, Lieutenant Nathaniel 

Joins Battery 13 

Wounded . .59,73, 101 



Irwin, Samuel 88, 101 

Keirsh, Jacob 90, 100 

Kerntown, Battle of 16, 1 06 

Kidd, Henry A , , . .89, 101 

Lacy, William 90, 100 

Lacy s Springs, Battle at 16, 1 06 

Lee, Richard H 78, 100 

Leech, Joseph S 90, 100 

Loughrey, John E 90, 100 

Luray, Battle of 1 06 

McConnell, Joseph 93, 100 

McGaugheysville, Battle of 1 06 

Macoubray, Robert E 75, 101 

Miller, J. Edwin 75, 101 

Miller, Lieutenant Joseph L. 

Joins Battery 27 

Mortally wounded at Gettysburg 59, 100 

Biographical sketch ". 1 35 

Mine Run, Battle of 72, 106 

Morton s Ford, Battle of 1 06 

Mount Jackson, Battle of 1 06 

Nevin, William 1 93, 100 

Newtown, Battle of 16, 1 06 

Opequan, Battle of 1 06 

Organization of Hampton Battery " F " 11 

" Our Little String Band " 149 

Peters, James 75, 101 

Peters, Robert . .77, 101 



Purdy, Hugh 94, 100 

Rappahannock Station, Battle of 1 06 

Rath, Adam 94, 100 

Reminiscences 164 

Ritchie, George 74, 101 

Shaler, John C., letter to his sister 138 

Sharp, Alexander 77, 101 

" Some Reminiscences " 1 64 

South Mountain, Battle of 1 06 

Stoney Creek, Battle of 16, 106 

" Stove Pipe Cannon " 1 60 

Strasburg, Battle of 16, 1 06 

Teese, James D 96, 100 

Thompson s Battery and Hampton s Battery consolidated ... 55 

Todd, First Lieutenant Joseph B 73, 100, 136 

United States Ford, Battle of 1 06 

Wallace, Corporal James, Death of 18, 100 

Waterloo, Battle of . , 28, 106 

Webber, John 99, 100 

Weyman, B. Frank 99, 101 

White Hall Church, Battle of 72, 106 

White Sulphur Springs, Battle of 28, 106 

Wickline, James M 97, 101 

Winchester, Campaign 1 5-24, 1 06 

Woodstock, Battle of . . 1 6, 1 06 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 

ROBERT B. HAMPTON Frontispiece, 130 

SHACKLETT HOUSE, BOYHOOD HOME OF CAPTAIN HAMP 
TON 10 

HOOKER S HEADQUARTERS, CHANCELLORSVILLE 40 

MAP OF BATTLEFIELD, CHANCELLORSVILLE 49 

SHELTER ROCK, GETTYSBURG 56 

MONUMENT IN PEACH ORCHARD, GETTYSBURG 58 

MONUMENT ON HANCOCK AVENUE, GETTYSBURG 62 

BRONZE TABLET ON MONUMENT, HANCOCK AVENUE, 

GETTYSBURG 64 

CAPTAIN HAMPTON S GRAVE, ALLEGHENY CEMETERY. . . 70 
MONUMENT IN EAST PARK, PITTSBURG, N. S 98 

WEST FACE OF MONUMENT IN EAST PARK, PITTSBURG, 

N. S 100 

EAST FACE OF MONUMENT IN EAST PARK, PITTSBURG, 

N. S 102 

MEMORIAL DAY SERVICES, EAST PARK, PITTSBURG, N. S. 108 

EDWARD R. GEARY 1 32 

JOSEPH L. MILLER 1 34 

JOSEPH B. TODD 136 

A. E. HUNT. 169 




THE SHACKLETT HOUSE, YEW HILL, NEAR WARRENTON, VA. BOY-HOOD 

HOME OF CAPTAIN ROBERT B. HAMPTON. 
FROM SKETCH BY PORTE CRAYON IN THE FALL OF 1858. 



HAMPTON BATTERY 




AMPTON BATTERY " F," Independent Pennsyl 
vania Light Artillery, was recruited in Pittsburgh in 
August and September, 1861, and was mustered into 

the United States service for three years, or during the war, on 

October 8, 1861 , with the following membership: 

ROBERT B. HAMPTON, Captain 

J. PRESLEY FLEMING, First Lieutenant 

ALFRED N. HARBOURS, Second Lieutenant 



ROBERT PAUL 
JOSEPH LEECH 
ROBERT E. MACOUBRAY 
JAMES WALLACE 
JAMES BASSETT 
DAVID WICKLINE 
JOHN KENNING 
CORNELIUS D. RUPERT 
JACOB G. WILLS 
THOMAS BRUNER 
JOHN SMILEY 
JOSEPH REED 
THOMAS QUARTZ 
HUGH PURDY 
THOMAS NEELY 
JOSEPH MCCONNELL 
WILLIAM LAFFERTY 
SAMUEL IRWIN 
LOREN HURD 



JOSEPH B. TODD 
DAVID A. STEWART 
DANIEL M. SHAEFFER 
WILLIAM PETERS 
WASHINGTON BASSETT 
WILLIAM DALMAS 
JAMES W. WILSON 
VALENTINE WISE 
HENRY HESS 
JOHN TETLEY 
JOHN SLATTERLY 
JOHN T. ROWLEY 
JOHN PIERCE 
WILLIAM T. PHILLIS 
ROBERT McDADE 
JOHN MCALEASE 
JACOB KEIRSH 
WILLIAM HASTINGS 
ALBERT M. EVANS 



[11] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

JOHN ELLIS HENRY FIERES 

JAMES DENNISON CASPER R. CARLISLE 

BENJAMIN M. CARLISLE ALONZO CAVITT 

WILLIAM CLARK BENJAMIN M. CLARK 

JOHN BRIGHT CHARLES R. BRIGHT 

AMOS BAXTER WILLIAM BROWN 

CHARLES A. BORDEN NEWELL A. BORDEN 

TOWNSEND ADAMS GEORGE W. BEAUMONT 

WILLIAM CAPPE JOHN WEBER 

MICHAEL KECK HIRAM NEELY 

JOHN JAMES ADAM RATH 

JAMES M. WICKLINE EDMUND J. WILKINS 

WILLIAM WARNOCK SAMUEL D. GLASS 

JOHN G. BEATTY JAMES VANZANT 

Having received orders to join the forces of General N. P. 
Banks, at Williamsport, Maryland, we started on the same day 
on the Pennsylvania Railroad, arrived at Williamsport on the even 
ing of Thursday, October 10th, and went out to Camp Lamon on 
the 1 1 th. The Camp was situated on a small stream called 
the Conococheague, about one mile north of Williamsport. 

In the early part of December the enemy made a raid on 
Dam No. 5 on the Potomac River, with the intention of destroy 
ing it. After receiving from Williamsport an equipment of Belgian 
Rifles we marched to the Dam, drove the enemy back, and de 
stroyed a mill on the Virginia side of the river, which they had 
been using as a rendezvous. 

General N. P. Banks, in his report to Washington under 
date of December 20th, 1861 , says: 

" Captain R. B. Hampton, of Hampton Battery, with a 
squad of his men, crossed the Potomac River at Dam No. 5 and 

[12] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

burned the old mill at that place, which the enemy had been using 
as a rendezvous, and returned with a lot of blankets, entrenching 
tools, etc., and found the dam but little damaged." 

On January 1, 1862, we were temporarily equipped with two 
six-pound brass guns and ordered to join General Lander at Han 
cock, Maryland, about twenty-seven miles northwest of Williams- 
port, where General Stonewall Jackson was making a demonstra 
tion. On January 4th, 5th and 6th, we had quite brisk engagements 
with the enemy and repulsed them. This was our first experience 
with guns in actual warfare. The men behaved very well and 
received the commendation of their superior officers. 

On January 2 7th we broke camp at Williamsport and marched 
to Hagerstown, Maryland, where, on February 1st, 1862, we re 
ceived our equipment six ten-pound Parrot guns and one hundred 
and ten horses, with battery wagon, forge, harness, etc. Having 
been drilling all winter in Camp Lamon with hollow logs mounted on 
stumps of trees for cannon, we were quite proficient in the artillery 
drill and compared very favorably with Batteries that had had their 
equipment all winter 

On February 1st, Lieutenant Nathaniel Irish, with a squad of 
men, joined us. He took command of the left section, Lieutenant 
J. Presley Fleming having command of the right section. 

We left Camp Bradford, at Hagerstown, Maryland, on 
February 12th, fully equipped, and marched to Boonsboro, Mary 
land. On the 1 3th, we passed through Middletown, crossed South 
Mountain and arrived in Frederick City about eight o clock P. M., 
and went into camp in the southern part of the city. On our arrival 
Captain James Thompson, whose Battery preceded ours two days, 
had his men supply each of us with a tin of good hot coffee, which 
we relished as only tired soldiers could. Not having men enough 
to man six guns, we here turned over to Captain Thompson, who 

[13] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

had not as yet been supplied, two of our guns fully equipped, with 
twenty-seven horses. 

We celebrated February 22d, Washington s Birthday, by a 
parade and fired a salute of thirty-four guns. Major General N. 
P. Banks, who was present, commended our boys on the manner 
in which they handled the guns. 

We received marching orders on February 24th and shipped 
our guns, caissons and other baggage by railroad to Harpers Ferry. 
The horses were sent across the country to Maryland Heights, where 
we took position to protect the infantry while they built pontoon 
bridges across the river. The bridges were built just above the 
site of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad bridge, which had been 
destroyed by the enemy, in the short space of seven hours. General 
Banks was at the head of the column and we had the honor of 
being on the right of line. Major General George B. McClellan 
was also present. 

This was one of the first pontoon bridges built by the Army 
of the Potomac, and as there was some fear that it would not stand 
the strain of a battery, we unhitched our teams and took our guns 
over by hand, which proved very successful. 

This was the first time our Battery had the pleasure of tread 
ing on Southern soil. While the column was crossing over into the 
land of Dixie the band played the tune of that name. About six 
o clock P. M. we took position on Bolivar Heights. 

The next day we marched to Charlestown, about ten miles 
from Harpers Ferry and the scene of the tragic death of John 
Brown, where we arrived about eleven o clock. We were accom 
panied by two regiments of infantry and a regiment of cavalry. We 
placed our guns in position to command the roads leading to Berry- 
ville and Smithville, and remained here until March 5th, when we 
marched to Camp Hamilton, passing through Smithville. All was 

[14] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

quiet except the occasional capture of prisoners by our scouts, 
Colonel Carter, of the Southern army, being one of those taken. On 
the 8th we marched to Bunker Hill. 

We were now fourteen miles from Winchester, where General 
Jackson was in a fortified position. General Williams, who com 
manded our division, sent a flag of truce into Winchester notifying 
the women and children to evacuate the town, as he would attack 
Jackson in his fortifications on the morrow. When within five miles 
of Winchester we bivouacked for the night and about dusk our out 
posts were attacked by a squad of Southern cavalry, which was 
repulsed. A battle line of about fifteen thousand troops was formed 
and a slow and cautious advance begun toward Winchester. At nine 
o clock we took possession of the forts, Jackson and his troops having 
withdrawn the day before. 

We remained in the enemy s fortifications until March 22d, 
when we received orders to go with a forage train to Centerville or 
Manassas. We marched to Snicker s Ferry, a distance of sixteen 
miles, where we found that the trestle bridge across the Shenandoah 
River had been broken down. We went into camp, and on the 25th 
received orders to countermarch to Winchester, as Jackson had at 
tacked our troops at that place under Shields, each having about 
ten thousand men. On arriving at Berryville, five miles from the 
Ferry, we received countermanding orders and remained there four 
days. On the 28th we resumed our march to Manassas Junction, 
crossing the Shenandoah River on the trestle bridge, which had been 
repaired. We then crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains to Snickers- 
ville and Aldie. On the 29th we arrived at Centerville and on the 
30th crossed Bull Run and occupied the quarters the enemy under 
Beauregard had constructed. 

On April 1st, 1862, we received orders to countermarch to 
Winchester. After passing through Centerville, Aldie and Snicker s 

[15J 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Ferry and crossing the mountains and the Shenandoah River, we 
reached Winchester on the 4th, having marched fifty-six miles. On 
the 6th we marched southwardly with the column to Cedar Creek, 
passing through Kerntown, Newtown, Strasburg and Woodstock. 
Every day on this march we had warm skirmishes with the enemy. 
On the 16th we reconnoitered about two miles south of Edinburgh 
and had quite a fight with a column of the enemy s cavalry, which 
had taken position beyond Stoney Creek, and routed them com 
pletely. We then passed through Mount Jackson, and on the 1 9th 
marched to Lacy s Springs, where we had a successful battle with 
infantry and cavalry. 

After reconnoitering about five miles north of Harrisonburg, 
we marched with a Brigade into that town and took possession. A 
reconnoitering expedition was then made to McGaugheysville, about 
five miles southeast of Harrisonburg, after which we returned to 
the camp, where we remained for several days. On these expedi 
tions we had brisk skirmishes with the enemy every day. 

On the 5th of May we again received marching orders and 
returned down the valley to near New Market. On the 6th we 
crossed the Massanutton Mountains, but at once recrossed and 
returned to New Market. From here we marched to Strasburg and 
then countermarched four miles south to Fisher s Hill, where we 
took position to cover the road leading to Woodstock. 

On the 24th of May, General Hatch, who was in command, 
ordered us to move over to Strasburg, as he heard that General 
Banks had been attacked by a strong force of the enemy which had 
advanced from Front Royal, in the Luray Valley, to Newtown. 
We advanced rapidly toward Newtown, and on arriving about one 
mile north of Cedar Creek and three miles north of Strasburg, we 
discovered our advance cut off and a powerful body of the enemy 
in our front. We at once opened fire and after an hour s heavy 

[16] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

firing, the enemy having advanced in front and flanked our right, we 
fell back to the crest of the hill south of Cedar Creek and again 
gave battle. The enemy still flanking our position, we again re 
treated to the hill north of Strasburg, where we took position and 
held the enemy in check for over an hour. Darkness now came on 
and we started to flank the enemy s right and moved toward North 
Mountain. Here we got on a parallel road and started in the dark 
ness toward Winchester, twenty-two miles away. A column was 
formed by dividing the cavalry and placing the artillery in the center, 
and about one o clock in the morning we reached the southern limits 
of Winchester. In the meantime, our Captain with eighteen men and 
the rear squadron of cavalry and the battery wagon and forge, hav 
ing been cut off, took the Romney Road and escaped to the moun 
tains northwest of us. 

On joining our command at Winchester we laid down by our 
guns and slept for a few hours. The enemy advanced during the 
night and formed a line of battle. We took position on the left of 
the Strasburg pike and after a heavy action of about two hours our 
left section was ordered to the hill southwest of the town, where 
we remained until half past ten o clock. Our right section had taken 
position on the Strasburg road. After ascertaining that the enemy, 
twenty thousand strong, was flanking us on the right, General Gordon 
ordered us to retire. Our section took position in the southern part 
of the town and fired canister point blank into the enemy s lines, 
doing terrible execution. We then joined the retiring column and 
brought up the rear. The enemy was now flanking our right and 
severely pressing our front, and our position became untenable. A 
complete retreating column was formed by General Banks, our Bat 
tery being in the extreme rear, and we fell back to Martinsburg, a 
distance of twenty-four miles from Winchester. 

In evacuating Winchester, on May 25, 1862, we deemed it 

[17] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

unwise to leave the fort, as it was in good condition, so we placed 
powder in the magazine and in other places, intending to blow it 
up. But it was slow in exploding, and Corporal James Wallace, 
thinking that the fuse had gone out, returned to investigate. He no 
sooner got inside the fort than there was a mighty explosion and 
he was blown to pieces. 

An incident by way of digression that occurred during Banks* 
retreat may not be without interest. Some of the cannoneers of the 
Hampton Battery, seeing a little mulatto girl toiling along the dusty 
road trying to keep up with the retreating column, placed her on one 
of the limber chests and allowed her to ride there until they went 
into camp. Not long afterward a resolution was introduced in the 
House of Representatives at Washington charging General Banks 
with using the government teams for the transportation of fugitive 
slaves. The General s reply was worthy of the man. He stated that 
there was no truth in the charge and gave the following account of 
the incident: 

When at a considerable distance on our march we overtook 
a small party on foot. My attention was attracted to a little girl 
about eight years old who was toddling along over the stones by the 
way-side, and I asked her how far she had traveled. From Win 
chester, she said. We were then about twenty-seven miles from that 
place. I requested some cannoneers of the Hampton Battery to give 
her a lift and the gallant men who had hung on the rear of the 
column for its defense the greater part of the distance responded 
with alacrity. No efforts were made to ascertain her complexion, 
but it is not impossible that she belonged to the race referred to in 
the resolution and that her little limbs had been strengthened by some 
vague dream of liberty in that hurried night march." 

The following poem, by Mrs. H. E. Brown, was suggested by 
the letter of General Banks : 

[18] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Take up the little weary one, 

The brave commander said. 

And noble hearts and stalwart arms 

The kindly words obeyed. 

They gently raised the trembling form; 

Nor looked upon her face 
To know the color of her skin, 

The features of her race. 

All night along the rugged road, 

Hungry, faint, and sore, 
Those infant feet had eager fled 

From slavery s cruel door. 

And now should freemen coldly turn, 
Nor lend a helping hand, 

And leave the child to die in sight 
Of freedom s promised land? 



The column now formed and moved toward the Potomac River 
opposite Williamsport, Maryland, arriving there about two o clock 
A. M. on the 26th of May. Before crossing the river General Banks 
addressed the men and explained that the retreat was not chargeable 
to any inefficiency of our officers, but to the concentration of the 
several commands of the enemy who could be spared from the 
front of the army of McClellan, then operating on the Virginia 
Peninsula. Our column crossed the river and Hampton Battery 
took position to cover the road leading toward Martinsburg. In 
the report of Lieutenant J. Presley Fleming, who had command of 
the Battery during the absence of Captain Hampton, he says: 

" Williamsport, Md., May 29th, 1862. 

" I have the honor to report that after taking command of 
the Battery we left the Valley turnpike and proceeded to Win 
chester by the Middle, or dirt, road, and after a forced march, 
reached Winchester at four o clock in the morning of the 25th in 
stant. Shortly after our arrival the pickets were driven in, when 

[19] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

I immediately placed the Battery in readiness for action, and awaited 
orders. 

" Owing to our late arrival and the tired and weary state of 
both men and horses, I awaited daylight to report to headquarters. 
The enemy s operations commencing at such an early hour, I im 
mediately proceeded to place my guns in the best position my 
judgment indicated they were most needed, viz: I ordered one 
section, under command of Lieutenant Irish, on the right, in support 
of Colonel Gordon s command; the other section was posted in the 
center and on the right of the road, and also in support of Colonel 
Gordon, and continued in these positions during the action, with one 
exception, when the section under my command was ordered to the 
support of Colonel Donnelly, but was countermanded before the 
pieces were in battery. I immediately returned to my former posi 
tion and resumed firing. The position of the troops of Colonel 
Gordon s Brigade when returned was such that the action of this 
section was in a great measure retarded, but the section on the right 
was enabled to do excellent execution at very short range. 

" During the action of the 25th, we had six men wounded by 
musket balls, but none of them seriously ; also three horses. One of 
the horses was left on the field. Our men are all doing well. We 
returned to this place, taking position in the rear, and doing such 
service as was ordered. 

" I am happy to state that my men are able and in readiness 
to try their mettle again, under your supervision, in any similar posi 
tion you may see fit to place them. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

J. PRESLEY FLEMING, First Lieutenant." 

Captain Charles H. T. Collis, in his report to General N. P. 
Banks, May 28th, 1862, says: 

[20] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

* We had fallen back a mile, hotly pursued by cavalry, 
infantry and artillery, and losing three men killed, when, by an 
intervention of a generous God, we reached assistance. Captain 
Robert B. Hampton, Independent Pennsylvania Artillery, who I 
supposed was with you, now joined me, and placing his guns in bat 
tery afforded my men a half hour s rest. Being outnumbered we fell 
back to Strasburg, where, taking position on the hill north of Hupp s 
house, we determined to make a final struggle, in which we were 
successful, forcing the enemy to retire to their first position at Middle- 
town. 

" Captain Hampton, of the Battery, deserves the thanks of all 
engaged, and the whole country, for his gallant behavior. His guns 
were served admirably and with telling effect." 

The following extracts are from the report of Colonel Charles 
H. Tompkins, of the First Vermont Cavalry: 

The only troops in the field, independent of my five com 
panies, consisted of Hampton s Pennsylvania Battery, composed of 
ten-pounder Parrot guns, and one company of zouaves. * * * 
Perceiving the enemy was advancing in too strong force for a success 
ful opposition to be made, I deemed it advisable to retreat in order, 
abandon the wagons, and make an attempt to join General Hatch 
by making a detour to left of the enemy s right flank, and, signify 
ing my intention to Captain Hampton, immediately commenced the 
movement, and was so far successful as to join Brigadier General 
Hatch at Winchester at eleven-thirty P. M." 

Captain Robert B. Hampton, on his return May 29th, 1862, 
reports as follows: 

" I have the honor to report that after a short engagement at 
Strasburg on the afternoon of the 24th, in which the four guns be 
longing to my Battery and one howitzer belonging to Captain Best 

[21] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

participated, and with which we succeeded in holding the enemy in 
check for some two hours and a half, I was compelled to withdraw 
the artillery, and started by a circuitous route to Winchester under 
command of First Lieutenant J. Presley Fleming, after which I 
returned to Strasburg and endeavored to bring forward my battery 
wagon and forge, and some few men who had remained with them, 
ordered all wagons, men, etc., to proceed on the Middle road to 
Winchester, all of which we got in column about dark and proceeded 
toward Winchester. We halted seven miles from Winchester and 
were sent forward to the front where the roads connect, found we 
were cut off, and altered our course to another road parallel with 
the pike, and came within three miles of Winchester. 

"About 9:00 A. M. Sunday, I halted the column and train 
and went to the rear of Winchester with the Adjutant of the 
Fifth New York Cavalry, and found that our force had retreated 
toward Martinsburg, the enemy in possession of Winchester, and 
we again cut off from connecting with our forces. Our column 
was again ordered to retire and proceed toward Martinsburg by 
way of the Middle road to within five miles of Martinsburg, and 
sent forward and ascertained that we were again cut off. I then 
consulted with Colonel DeForest and his officers and concluded to 
cross the mountain and go to Hancock, Maryland, which place we 
made by marching all night, and arrived at Hancock on Monday 
at 11: 30 A. M. ; then employed the boats and crossed the train and 
men in safety, remaining there until dawn on Tuesday, the 28th, 
losing in our retreat one man wounded and four missing, and my 
battery wagon abandoned; also one wagon loaded with ordnance 
stores, and four mules, harness and camp equipage. 
Your obedient servant, 

ROBERT B. HAMPTON, 
Captain Commanding Artillery." 

[22] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Colonel O. DeForest, in his report to General Hatch, May 
29th, 1862, says: 

" Moving now to the summit of the hill north of Strasburg, I 
found that my own command, as well as a portion of the First Ver 
mont Cavalry, a portion of General Banks bodyguard, and Hamp 
ton s Battery, were cut off from the main body of the army. In 
fantry, cavalry and wagons were streaming back in wild confusion 
along the road on either side as far as the eye could reach. The 
Battery (Hampton s) having been at once ordered to the summit of 
the hill, I supported it with my cavalry, formed in line of battle in 
the field on either side. A few shell checked the small force of the 
enemy who were pressing on us from Middletown. 

" After a hasty consultation, Colonel Tompkins, Captain 
Hampton and myself decided to try and rejoin the main body by 
a mountain road on the west of the pike. Colonel Tompkins, 
forming the advance, with a portion of his regiment, was to move 
out the cross-road a piece and halt until the column should be 
formed, the Battery and my own command following. * * * 
I have subsequently learned that Colonel Tompkins pushed on 
without the Battery and that Companies A and E of my regiment 
entered Winchester about one o clock A. M. Sunday with the Bat 
tery. Captain Hampton and his battery wagon and forge remained 
with me. I halted a few minutes for Captain Hampton to bring 
up the battery wagon and forge from the rear and then moved 
rapidly on. * * * We marched from Strasburg Saturday at 
5 : 00 P. M. and moved without halting that night eighteen miles. 
From dawn on Sunday, we moved, say, eleven miles to Winchester, 
and thirty-seven to Cherry Run Ford, making on Sunday forty-eight 
miles. On Monday we marched to Clear Spring, seven miles; on 
Tuesday to Williamsport, eleven miles in all eighty-four miles." 

[23] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Captain James W. Abert, United States Topographical 
Engineer, in his report to General Banks made mention of the Hamp 
ton Battery as follows: 

" At Middletown, by the greatest good fortune, we found one 
of our batteries in position on the hill south of the town (Captain 
Hampton s). From this place we shelled the enemy, and as he 
approached near enough used double shotted canister, which checked 
him. We then retired upon Strasburg, where I directed the Bat 
tery to be placed in the fort, but the side of the fort by which the 
enemy was advancing was completely unfinished. I then directed 
the Battery to follow me and I would try to save it by taking the 
back road to Winchester, but the Captain, when I told him that the 
road ran parallel to the main road and was only three or four miles 
distant from it, said that the enemy s flankers would intercept us 
and it would be vain to attempt it. I therefore left him." 

At two o clock one of our guns was ordered to a position about 
two miles northwest of Williamsport, on the Romney road, and re 
mained there on picket until the evening of the 28th. It then returned 
to camp and went into position with the other three guns to cover 
the Martinsburg road and approaches to the river, where we re 
mained until the 31st of May. We then formed line, crossed the 
river, marched up the valley, and encamped near Falling Waters. 

The next day, June 1 st, 1 862, we marched to Martinsburg and 
went into camp north of the town where we remained until June 5th, 
when we again took up the line of march to Winchester, which we 
reached on the 6th. We encamped on the Romney road about one 
mile from town. On the 9th we again took up the line of march and 
encamped on the north branch of the Shenandoah River, near Front 
Royal. We remained here until the 25th of June, when we went 
into position overlooking both branches of the Shenandoah River, 

[24] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

twenty miles from Winchester, where we remained until the 29th, 
when we started on a reconnoissance up the Luray Valley. When 
about a mile from the town of Luray we were ordered to halt 
and remain for the night, after having marched from Front Royal, a 
distance of nineteen miles. On the morning of June 30th, not having 
found any enemy or cause to continue our reconnoissance further up 
the valley, we were ordered to countermarch. The road between 
Front Royal and Luray is located near a branch of the river which 
makes a considerable bend at this point. While the column was fol 
lowing the road, about half a dozen of the boys cut across the short 
way, expecting to have a good mess of cherries. But on approach 
ing the trees they discovered that a number of the infantry were up 
in the trees and a very uncomfortable number of bushwhackers, or 
guerrillas, had charge of their guns. A race for liberty now took 
place and our boys caught up with us just as we with the guns ap 
proached the end of the cut-off line. They were almost black in 
the face from running. We learned after returning to camp that 
twenty-five of our infantry had been captured while lagging behind. 

On the Fourth of July, at daylight, we fired a national salute 
and spent the day practicing at a target at a distance of one and one- 
half miles, doing some very good work. The officers of our Battery 
provided a sumptuous dinner and the boys partook of it with a zest 
that no person but a soldier who had lived nine months on hard 
tack could describe or appreciate. 

Colonel Charles H. Tompkins makes report as follows: 
" On the morning of June 29th, 1862, the cavalry force, con 
sisting of five companies of the First Vermont Cavalry, three 
companies of the First Maine Cavalry, and two battalions of the 
First Michigan Cavalry, Hampton s Battery of Pittsburgh, Pa., the 
Fifth Connecticut Cavalry, and the Forty-sixth Pennsylvania In- 

[25] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

fantry, moving in the order here specified, was formed in line in the 
suburbs of Front Royal. The column moved until they had reached 
, about three miles beyond Millford and encamped, nothing 
having been seen during the day. 

"At five o clock the next morning we moved on in the same 
order, Captain Best acting as guard for the Hampton Battery. 
When within about five miles from Luray a vedette of the enemy 
was captured by one of the advance guard. 

" Having reached the hill about half a mile out of Luray, two 
companies of the enemy s cavalry were discovered to be drawn up in 
line just outside the town upon the Gordonsville road. Our ad 
vance charged the enemy, who met the charge, but were routed. 

" Having achieved the object of the reconnoissance, the cavalry 
force was reformed and returned to camp, arriving at 9 : 00 P. M. on 
the 30th, having marched forty-three miles." 

On the sixth of July we received marching orders and started 
toward Warrenton, encamping for the night about eight miles 
from Front Royal. The next day we marched to Games Cross 
Roads, where we remained until the 1 1 th. We then crossed the 
Rappahannock and countermarched to Games Cross Roads. On 
the 1 2th we returned to Front Royal and on the 1 3th moved our 
guns into town by reason of a false alarm that the enemy was com 
ing, as they had captured four of our wagons bringing supplies to 
our camp. 

We remained at Front Royal quite inactive during the re 
mainder of July and until August 1 Oth, when the enemy s cavalry 
made a raid into Front Royal and captured several members of the 
Third Delaware Infantry. But being hotly pursued by Russell s 
Cavalry they abandoned their prisoners and swam the river in order 
to escape. We remained in camp until the 1 7th, and then started 

[26] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 



on the march to Sandy Hook, meeting Lieutenant Joseph L. Miller 
with fifty-one men to fill the center section of our Battery, as follows : 



JOSEPH L. MILLER 
FREDERICK L. ATWOOD 
WILLIAM ATWOOD 
GEORGE H. RITCHIE 
FRANK H. SHIRAS 
BENJAMIN R. PARKE 
HARRY S. DRAVO 
RICHARD H. LEE 
CHARLES B. BULLOCK 
TIMOTHY DUFFY, JR. 
ROBERT FIFE 
HENRY HEMPLE 
JOHN H. HAY 
WILLIAM KING 
WILLIAM H. KNOX 
GEORGE W. LITTLE 
GEORGE V. MARSHALL 
GEORGE NOBLE 
WILLIAM J. NEVIN 
L. HALSEY WILLIAMS 
LEMUEL WILCOX 
JOHN S. RODGERS 
FRANK S. BAKEWELL 
FREDERICK W. BESHORE 
HUGH W. ALEXANDER 
SETH A. CALHOUN 



HENRY A. KIDD 
DAVID R. LEWIS 
JOSEPH L. MILLER 
THOMAS McCuE 
WILLIAM A. NEWMAN 
AMOS S. PETRIE 
B. FRANK WEYMAN 
CHARLES W. GORMLEY 
GEORGE A. HEBERTON 
THEODORE M. FINLEY 
ISAIAH K. BECKER 
THOMAS C. BUSHNELL 
HENRY BALKEN 
SAMUEL B. BECKER 
JAMES PETERS 
JOHN B. MCCLELLAND 
JOHN C. SHALER, JR. 
ROBERT S. PETERS 
CHARLES STOEHR 
Louis F. ARENSBERG 
CHARLES W. COFFIN 
MARTIN DEITRICH 
WILLIAM HOOD 
MATTHEW HOLMAN 
FRANK KROME 



We then started on the march to Little Washington, but on 
the next day countermarched to Waterloo Bridge. The Battle of 

[27] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Cedar Mountain was mainly fought on August 1 Oth. The Hamp 
ton Battery arrived on the ground in time to take part in the 
engagement. We also fought at Freeman s Ford on the 22d, at 
White Sulphur Springs on the 23d and 24th, and at Waterloo on 
August 25th. 

On August 20th we marched to the Sulphur Springs and 
joined General Sigel s command, which was bivouacked around the 
springs. The space near the spring not occupied by the troops was 
taken up by the slaves who had started for freedom men, women 
and children, almost by the thousands. 

The next day we marched to Rappahannock Station and were 
ordered to take position in front of the line of battle, which had 
been formed by General Pope on the preceding day, with General 
Burnside on the left, General Banks on the left of center, General 
McDowell on right of center and General Sigel on right of line. 
We marched to the right of Sigel s Corps, in which we took posi 
tion under Brigadier General Bohlen, who had just crossed the 
river with his infantry. We were here attacked by a strong force 
and compelled to fall back, General Bohlen being killed in the 
action. A number of men were lost by drowning and by exposure 
to the enemy s fire while crossing the river. Our right of line then 
moved toward Sulphur Springs, and when near that place the enemy 
opened fire on our column and we were ordered into position and 
with the other batteries gave battle for an hour and a half, sustaining 
sharp fire from the enemy. 

The next day, August 24th, we engaged the enemy across 
the river. This action continued for about three hours, during which 
time we had one man killed and two wounded. After being forced 
to change our position, we drove the enemy from their guns and the 
action ceased. 

We left our comrade, William Hastings, who had both legs 

[28] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

shot off, in a log cabin near the springs in charge of Hospital 
Steward Frank S. Bakewell, who remained with him until he died, 
five days later. Bakewell had him buried near the springs, and 
before returning to the Battery was captured and taken to Libby 
Prison, but was soon exchanged. 

During the afternoon of the 24th we marched to Waterloo 
Station and while on the march could see a heavy column of smoke 
rising from the burning buildings at the springs. There was skirmish 
ing along the whole line of march, in which our Battery took but 
little part. We then marched to Warrenton and rested until the 
morning of the 27th, when we moved toward Manassas Junction 
(Bull Run) and took position in line of battle, and moved with the 
line to the battlefield of Bull Run. During the night we were 
assigned to place by General Schimmelfennig, who as Senior Col 
onel, succeeded General Bohlen, who had been killed on the 22d. 

The next morning we were ordered by General Carl Schurz 
to take position on the extreme right of line and be in readiness for 
action at a moment s warning. During the night we opened fire on 
the enemy and from it sustained a severe and scorching fire from 
three batteries. By order of Captain Hampton, we limbered up and 
fell back a short distance, and then by order of General Schurz 
reoccupied our old position and in a very short time silenced the 
enemy s batteries in our front. 

A lull for a short space of time had taken place, when we 
were somewhat surprised to see a line of skirmishers advancing as 
we thought for the purpose of charging our battery. The advance 
was very cautious, being through a cornfield at the edge of which 
stood a stack of hay. Feeling that their presence was not wanted, we 
charged and double-shotted our guns with canister and fired almost 
simultaneously. Those of the skirmishers who were not killed or 
wounded took refuge behind the hay stack but were permitted to 

[29] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

remain only a few moments, as our guns were speedily loaded with 
case shot and fired through the stack. Before we could reload our 
guns the skirmishers disappeared behind the hill. 

We thought it rather imprudent to make an investigation as to 
the casualties around or near the haystack and let our Southern 
friends depart in peace. 

Again a lull took place and Major Keifer, Chief of Artillery 
for Sigel, thought he would ride down to the edge of the cornfield 
and ascertain what was to be seen. When a short distance from 
our line the Major was fired upon and his horse was shot in the 
left leg, causing the horse to fall and pinion the Major under him. 
Captain Hampton, seeing the predicament the Major was in, calmly 
walked down and released him and brought back with him his 
equipment under a storm of Southern bullets. 

About 4:00 P. M. we were ordered to report to General 
Milroy, who was hard pressed by Law s Brigade near the railroad 
cut, and began firing at blank range into the lines of the enemy just 
across the cut. At every shot we fired the enemy appeared to be 
moving toward the cut at a very rapid gait, and it was soon dis 
covered that the cut was filled with them. When our sixth shot was 
fired they charged out of the cut and with a most demoniac yell 
demanded the surrender of the left gun, which in firing the last 
shot had recoiled against a stump and the handspike having pene 
trated the stump it was impossible to extricate it. By order of General 
Milroy it was abandoned, after which Corporal Henry Hess jumped 
upon the limber and while facing the enemy was shot in the fore 
head and instantly killed. With the limber and other paraphernalia 
of the left gun we joined the balance of the Battery outside of the 
woods and fell back. We held the advancing enemy from charg 
ing on our guns as they had intended, having advanced through 
a strip of woods three times for that purpose. 

[30] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

General Philip Kearney, who had witnessed the attempted 
charges of the enemy, sent an orderly with his compliments written 
on the inside of an envelope, commending us highly for our fighting 
qualities. 

We then received orders to retire to the line of artillery on the 
crest of the rising ground in our rear, and while retiring and before 
commencing to ascend the hill, it was observed that the enemy was 
emerging from the woods three lines deep. We immediately halted 
and unlimbered and double-shotted with canister and gave the enemy 
a parting salute, which had the effect of stopping their advance and 
allowed us to proceed with the Battery toward the lines on the hill. 
Before reaching our position the right gun of the left section in cross 
ing a deep ditch broke its axle. We swung the gun on the limber 
and succeeded in saving it. 

The remaining section, the right, took position on the left of 
the line of about eighty guns and a heavy cannonade was begun 
which lasted until dark. In the meantime we had dragged our dis 
abled gun to the rear, where we met General McDowell s advance. 
He promised to recapture our lost gun but was unable to do so. 

Our infantry support was General Philip Kearney s Division, 
which had arrived on the field a short time before. At sundown we 
retired from the line and took position in the rear to bivouac for the 
night, having been engaged continuously during the day. 

The next morning we fell back to the rear and rearranged the 
right section for the field. We then took position in line with the 
artillery of McDowell s Corps. The whole line, after an engage 
ment lasting about three hours, was driven back, causing great 
excitement among the teamsters and spectators. A cordon of cavalry 
was necessary to prevent a general stampede. As soon as the line 
of cavalry was in position to permit the column just formed to pass 
over the defile or bridge across Bloody Run, our Battery took posi- 

[31] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

tion and passed with the column to Centerville, a distance of about 
five miles. Here we halted to let Fitz-John Porter s Corps pass to 
our left. We then marched to the east of Centerville and bivou 
acked for the night. 

The next morning our right section marched to the front and 
took position in line, while the left section, battery wagon and forge 
started for Fairfax Court House. The march was continued to near 
Alexandria, where we encamped until the morning of September 
6th, when we marched to Washington, D. C., and encamped near 
the Capitol Building, where the left section was refitted. 

General Sigel, in his report of September 1 6th, on operations 
on the Rappahannock and Bull Run, says : 

To be just to the officers and soldiers under my command I 
must say that they performed their duties during the different move 
ments and engagements of the whole campaign with the greatest 
promptness, energy and fortitude. Commanders of divisions and 
brigades, of regiments and batteries, and the commanders of our 
small cavalry force have assisted me under all circumstances cheer 
fully and to the utmost of their ability, and so have the commanders 
of the two batteries of Major General Banks Corps (Captain 
Hampton s and Captain Roemer s) under Major Keifer, attached 
to me since our arrival at Freeman s Ford." 

General Carl Schurz, in his report dated September 15th, of 
the Battles of Groveton and Bull Run, makes mention of the Hamp 
ton Battery as follows: 

* The Battery of the First Brigade, under Captain Hampton, 
was ordered to march along the outer edge of the woods in which 
General Schimmelfennig was engaged, and to take position there, 
in order to protect and facilitate the advance of my right; but the 

[32] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

cross fire of two of the enemy s batteries was so severe that Captain 
Hampton s Battery failed in two successive attempts to establish 
itself until I sent Roemer s Battery to its support. * * * Now 
the whole line advanced with great alacrity, and we succeeded in 
driving the enemy away from his strong position behind the em 
bankment, which then fell into our hands." 

General Robert Milroy, in his report of September 1 7th men 
tions Hampton Battery as follows: 

" An hour before the charge I had sent one of my aides far 
back for a fresh battery, which, arriving as our boys were driven 
back, I immediately ordered into position and commenced pouring 
a steady fire of canister into the advancing columns of the enemy. 
The first discharge discomposed them a little, but the immense surging 
mass behind pressed them on us. I held on until they were within 
a few yards of us, and having but a handful of men to support the 
battery, I ordered it to retire, which was executed with the loss of 
one gun. I then rallied the shattered remnant of my brigade." 

On the evening of September 1st, 1862, and at Chantilly the 
following day, the Hampton Battery was engaged and again re 
ceived the commendation of their superior officers. We then marched 
toward Alexandria and halted outside of the city. On the 3d we 
moved to Georgetown, D. C., and bivouacked in the rear of Fort 
Richardson. The next day, after crossing the Potomac, the division 
moved to Rockville, Maryland. On the 6th we formed in line of 
battle and lay upon the field until the 9th, when we moved to Mid- 
dlebrook and bivouacked. From here the Battery moved to Da 
mascus, and on the 12th we went into camp near Jamesville. On 
the 1 3th we marched to Frederick and the next day to South Moun 
tain. Our next advance was to Keedysville, and on the 16th we 
formed in line of battle. 

[33] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

The next morning, September 1 7, 1862, ushered in the famous 
Battle of Antietam, which is considered by many writers as one of 
the great battles of the world. Hampton Battery took position on 
right of line with instructions to keep a certain point in the enemy s 
line clear of artillery, which instruction was carried out to the letter 
and at little cost to us. Early in the day the churches and public 
building of Boonsboro were occupied as hospitals and were soon 
filled with the wounded of our army. Fortunately we had only one 
man wounded. The day wore on and just at sundown was the 
first lull of battle, carnage, destruction and death having held 
triumphant sway during the entire day. About sundown General 
McClellan, when retiring to his headquarters, passed us, and on 
being cheered by the boys, raised his cap and exclaimed, " I told 
the boys to hold their position during the night and I would make 
short work of the rebellion tomorrow." 

In General McClellan s official report of the Battle of An 
tietam, speaking of the Twelfth Corps, he said: 

The line of this corps was formed across the turnpike beyond 
J. Miller s house with orders to hold the position as long as possible 
and it became engaged about 7: 00 A. M., the attack being opened 
by Cochran s New York Battery and Hampton s and Knap s 
Pittsburgh, Pa., Batteries. For about two hours the battle raged 
with various success, the enemy endeavoring to drive our troops into 
the second line of woods, and ours in turn to get possession of the 
line in front. The artillery had been well served during the day, 
and night closed the long and desperately contested battle of the 1 7th 
of September, 1 862, nearly two hundred thousand men and five hun 
dred pieces of artillery being engaged." 

Brigadier General A. S. Williams, commanding the Twelfth 

[34] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Corps at the Battle of Antietam, mentions the Hampton Battery as 
follows : 

" Hampton s Pittsburgh, Cochran s New York and Knap s 
Pennsylvania Batteries were ordered to the front as soon as the 
command of the Corps devolved upon me. Knap and Cochran 
took post in front of the woods occupied by the enemy, Hampton 
farther to the left near General Greene s position. These Batteries 
were bravely and excellently served from morning till late in the 
afternoon. The enemy repeatedly attempted to seize them, but 
always met with bloody punishment." 

Captain Best in his report says : 

" Captain Hampton s Battery was placed in position near the 
Dunkard Church and expended two hundred and seventeen rounds 
against the woods in which said church is located." 

The next day we lay upon the field in line of battle. On the 
19th we moved via Sharpsburg to Brownsville. We then crossed 
over Maryland Heights and moved down the mountain to near 
Sandy Hook, where we encamped until the 22d, when we again 
moved to Maryland Heights. On the 28th we encamped near 
Sandy Hook, where we remained until the end of the month. On 
October 2d we again encamped on Maryland Heights, where we 
remained until the 30th, with a reconnoissance to Loudon Valley on 
the 2 1 st. On the 30th we encamped at Bolivar Heights. On 
November 9th we made a reconnoissance to within six miles of 
Berryville, and on the 26th to Charlestown and Cockrall s Mills. 

General John W. Geary says in his report of the reconnois 
sance of December 2-6, 1 862 : 

" In accordance with directions received on December 2d, 
1862, to make reconnoissance in the direction of Winchester, I 

[35] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

started with about 3200 infantry and four guns each from Hamp 
ton s, Knap s and McGilvery s Batteries, and about fifty of the first 
Maryland Cavalry at about 6: 30 A. M. on December 2d, the 
troops supplied with three days rations. We marched by the 
Harpers Ferry and Winchester turnpike to Charlestown, which we 
reached about 8:30 A. M., coming suddenly upon two companies 
of Twelfth Virginia Cavalry, who had taken position in vacant 
houses and in the woods about them about three-fourths of a mile 
our side of the town. A skirmish here occurred between our advance 
and this body of the enemy, which latter prosecuted a constant 
firing for some fifteen minutes, resulting in a loss to them of four or 
five wounded and several horses killed, and in their rout. The col 
umn was at once pushed on through Charlestown taking the Berry- 
ville road, upon which, from successively assumed positions, we drove 
another squadron of cavalry to within half a mile of Berryville, 
where we discovered the Seventh and Twelfth Regiments of Vir 
ginia Cavalry upon a hill about one mile west of the town, who were 
dislodged by the prompt opening of our artillery upon them in the 
direction of Winchester. The ground which they occupied being 
most desirably prominent I took possession of it by advancing my 
whole line and driving them from it. This movement was at once 
succeeded by the advance of one regiment of infantry and two pieces 
of Hampton s Battery under cover of a skirt of woodland for about 
one mile further in the same direction, where I placed them in 
defensive position and sent forward my cavalry force about one 
mile further on the same road, where they encountered the enemy, 
the whole of the Twelfth Virginia Cavalry several hundred strong, 
who charged impetuously upon them. My cavalry retired, pursued 
by three parallel columns following closely the charging regiment, 
cheering vociferously at every step as they advanced, firing upon 
them until they came to within about one hundred yards of the 

[36] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

muzzles of the advance guns of Hampton s Battery, which in con 
junction with the Seventh Ohio Infantry opened fire upon them with 
fine effect, mortally wounding four and wounding twenty others. 
Those mortally wounded died in the vicinity a short time after. 
Seven or eight of their horses were killed and the whole party of the 
enemy was dispersed in the greatest confusion. 

** Being now dusk, we bivouacked in line of battle for the night. 
In the morning, taking one thousand infantry and four pieces of 
artillery, two of Hampton s and one each of Knap s and McGil- 
very s, I pushed forward to Opequan Creek, our passage being 
disputed by desultory firing from the enemy secreted in the woods. 
At Opequan Creek we found the camp of General A. P. Hill s 
troops, vacated three or four days previously. I ordered up the 
balance of my command and bivouacked in line of battle upon the 
rebel Hill s camp ground. Early in the morning of December 4th, 
we proceeded cautiously in the direction of Winchester, through Ash 
Hollow, having flankers on each side of the dense pine woods. 
Detached parties of the enemy s cavalry posted in it fled precipit 
ously to Winchester. My whole force having gained the rising 
ground immediately east of the city, I ordered the parking of the 
wagons and the infantry and artillery into order of line of battle. 
The enemy having evacuated the city, I had the place searched and 
found and captured one hundred and eighteen of the enemy s sol 
diers, whom we paroled. We also captured seven soldiers who were 
brought in with us. Having remained in Winchester until about 
3 : 00 P. M. and considering that the object of the mission had been 
accomplished, we took up the returning line of march by the Mar- 
tinsburg turnpike. After bivouacking two nights in the woods with 
out shelter through a severe snow storm, we reached our camp with 
out a single casualty." 

On December 9th, 1862, we were ordered to join General 

[37] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Burnside at Falmouth, opposite Fredericksburg, Virginia. We 
then marched to Hillsboro, and on the 1 2th moved on to Leesburg. 
The next day we moved to Fairfax Court House, where we en 
camped for the night, leaving the next morning for Occoquan Creek. 
Our next march was to Dumfries. This is, or was until its dis 
appearance, probably the oldest town in Virginia. There is nothing 
now to mark its existence except the bed of a canal and several 
cellars, the houses having long since disappeared. The site of the 
town appears to have been raised up several feet or the bed of the 
Potomac had sunk several feet, as the bed of the canal was several 
feet higher than the water in the river. Here the Battery remained 
until the morning of the 1 7th, when a countermarch was ordered 
and we returned to Occoquan Creek. Then we marched to Fairfax 
Station, where we remained for ten days, when we were ordered 
to Dumfries. From there we went to Stafford Court House, and 
on the 26th to Aquia Creek landing, where we remained in winter 
quarters, guarding the landing which was the main point of sup 
plies for the Army of the Potomac, all winter and up to the last of 
April, 1863. 

The Chancellorsville Campaign was begun toward the close 
of April, 1863. The Hampton Battery crossed the Rapphannock 
River at United States Ford and went into position in the center of 
the line just in front of the Chancellorsville House, which was used 
by General Hooker as his headquarters, at nine o clock in the morn 
ing. The fighting during the early part of the day was mainly done 
by General Sykes with the regulars, but from about four o clock until 
long after dark the Hampton Battery was hotly engaged. The 
account of this part of the battle is from the pen of Mr. L. L. 
Crounse, correspondent of the New York Times. He writes : 

** At 4: 36 P. M., Colonel Diven, who had cavalry skirmishes 

[38] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

on the plank road, reported the enemy advancing in force, and driv 
ing in his pickets. He was soon discovered deploying to the right, 
and General Slocum promptly met the move by sending in Geary s 
Division and Hampton s Pittsburgh Battery. For a while there was 
a cessation in desultory and spasmodic firing which had been going 
on for two hours, but at six o clock a most desperate charge was 
made upon our batteries commanding the plank road. Geary met 
them with great promptness, and wheeling a regiment into the road, 
a deadly volley was poured into their advance. At the same time 
Hampton s Battery double-shotted with canister and for about fif 
teen minutes there was another fiery episode. Of course the enemy 
were repulsed with heavy loss. Their killed and wounded fell in 
the timber in front of our batteries, and the leaves and bushes having 
been set on fire by shells, the poor wretches suffered a double death." 

The next day, May 2d, Hampton s Battery was posted in 
the road leading east, where they were engaged during the day and 
at night were moved to the right of the line and went into position 
facing south, forming a portion of a line of forty guns under com 
mand of Captain Best, Chief of Artillery of the Twelfth Army 
Corps. The object was to check the advance of Stonewall Jackson, 
who was sure to follow up his successful attack on General Howard 
as soon as it was daylight. The battle opened, but the enemy failed 
to make any impression on the line of guns, although attempts were 
repeatedly made to carry the position. 

A blunder of a member of General Hooker s staff resulted most 
disastrously. Huntington s Ohio Battery was stationed on the left 
and front of the line of artillery before referred to, on a rising piece 
of ground and was doing most efficient service, when it was charged 
by the enemy and captured. It was but the work of a few minutes 
to turn the fire of the captured battery upon the forty guns of 

[39] 

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HAMPTON BATTERY. 



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[40] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Captain Best, directly enfilading them. Hampton, seeing this new 
danger, without waiting for orders, changed front to the left and 
opened on the captured battery, when Colonel Derrickson, of Gen 
eral Hooker s staff, ordered them to cease firing, stating that it was 
one of our own batteries. Before he could be convinced of his 
error the enemy had got the range and drove the whole line of 
Best s guns from the field, and by exploding the caissons literally 
blew the whole line into the air. 

At this juncture, Captain Hampton, waiting to give the enemy 
a last round, was struck by a shell above the left knee, which sev 
ered the leg completely and cut his horse almost in two. The gallant 
Captain died in the course of a few hours. 

Lieutenant Irish distinguished himself by retiring from the field 
with his section, prolonging his fire as he slowly retreated in as good 
order as if on battery drill. 

The line of artillery being thus driven from the field, the 
infantry soon followed and the right wing of the army fell back 
defeated. 

It is the belief of many that if Hampton s and Knap s Batteries 
had been left to do what subsequent events proved was right, the 
result of Sunday morning, May 3, 1 863, would have been different. 

Captain C. L. Best, in his report of the battle, says : 
The Corps broke camp on Monday morning, April 27, 
1863, one battery, in accordance with orders, moving with each of 
the two divisions M of the First New York Artillery with the 
First, and Knap s E, Independent Pennsylvania, with the Second 
Division. Hampton s F, Independent Pennsylvania, and F, Fourth 
United States Artillery, were directed to remain and move with the 
Corps wagon train, and subsequently joined the Corps at Chan- 
cellorsville, on Thursday, the 30th. 

[41] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

"On Friday, May 1st, after proceeding about two miles 
toward Fredericksburg, the enemy was felt, evidently in some force, 
and commenced disputing the advance with his artillery. 

" Soon after these dispositions the whole command was recalled 
to Chancellorsville. While retiring the General commanding di 
rected me to proceed to Chancellorsville and post the Corps Batteries 
in such positions for defense against the probable enemy as might 
be deemed most judicious. Accordingly, I placed Knap s, Hamp 
ton s and one section of Battery F at the intersecting point, at 
Chancellorsville, of the roads leading to Fredericksburg, and the 
other four pieces of Battery F, with Fitzhugh and Winegar, on the 
rising and open ground on the Gordonsville front. Thus we had 
fourteen guns on each front, on one or both of which the attack must 
occur, and did occur on both in the afternoon. The enemy was 
effectually checked or repulsed in each case. 

The Batteries all maintained the positions specified until 
Saturday afternoon, when the Eleventh Corps was suddenly routed, 
and came fleeing in disordered and bewildered masses toward Chan 
cellorsville. Having no doubt the enemy would follow in force, I 
gathered all our batteries save Knap s and Lieutenant Muhlenberg s 
section, massing them on the ridge in rear of our first division, and 
posting in position with them some fragments of the Eleventh Corps 
Batteries, until I had thirty-four guns in what may be termed the 
key-point of the battlefield. The General commanding soon after 
came up, approved the disposition and authorized me to open fire 
whenever I deemed it necessary. The necessity soon occurred, for 
there was no doubt that the enemy was in force in the woods be 
tween six hundred yards and a mile in our front. It was an operation 
of great delicacy, this cannonade of thirty-four guns over the heads 
of our men, but it was a matter of necessity and was promptly and 
fully executed. 

[42] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

" Up to near ten o clock at night the cannonading at intervals 
was terrific, and, in my opinion, contributed much to checking the 
bold and elated enemy. So far as I can learn, and I am happy to 
record it, not one of our men was killed by our fire, or even wounded. 
That night I entrenched all my guns, the digging subsequently prov 
ing much protection. 

" Early Sunday morning, May 3d, the enemy commenced the 
attack, evidently determined to carry that point, and all my batteries 
again opened on their masses. 

" Here I beg leave to offer an opinion. Our position could 
not have been forced had the flanks of our line of guns been success 
fully maintained. An important point an open field about a mile 
to our left and front, guarded by a brigade of our troops (not the 
Twelfth Corps) and a Battery was seemingly taken by a small 
force of the enemy and the Battery captured and turned upon us 
with fearful effect, blowing up one of our caissons, killing Captain 
Hampton, and enfilading General Geary s line. It was most un 
fortunate. My line of guns, however, kept to its work manfully 
until about nine o clock A. M., when, finding our infantry in front 
withdrawn, our right and left turned, and the enemy s musketry 
already so advanced as to pick off our men and horses, I was com 
pelled to withdraw my guns to save them. We were also nearly 
exhausted of ammunition. 

" Captain Hampton was wounded on Sunday morning about 
eight o clock, and died soon after. For the eighteen months I have 
been associated with him I have found him, particularly in battle, 
brave and devoted to his duty." 

Captain Joseph M. Knap, Chief of Artillery of the Second 
Division, whose command comprised Knap s and Hampton s Bat 
teries, in his report dated May 7, 1863, at Aquia Creek, says: 

[43] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

" At three o clock on Sunday morning, the 3d, I was or 
dered to place Hampton s six guns near the headquarters of Gen 
eral Williams, on the right of the Twelfth Corps. * * * Dur 
ing the engagement on Sunday morning, Hampton s Battery was 
hotly engaged for about three hours and Captain Robert B. Hamp 
ton was mortally wounded (died a few hours after) while gallantly 
performing his duty. 

" In this action one caisson of Hampton s was exploded; a 
second was disabled; one enlisted man was killed, and seven 
wounded (three seriously) ; and thirty horses killed and disabled, 
which, with the harness, were lost, compelling him to abandon the 
third caisson. No guns were lost. About six hundred rounds were 
expended, and during the afternoon the Battery was taken to the 
rear. On the 4th my command was not engaged, and Hampton s, 
under Lieutenant Fleming, remained in the rear." 

General H. J. Hunt, Chief of Artillery, in his report of the 
Battle of Chancellorsville, says : 

" At the same time a battery of thirty-eight guns (including 
Hampton s Pennsylvania Battery, six ten-pound Parrot guns) was 
assembled near Fairview by Captain Best, Fourth United States 
Artillery, and stationed so as to reach the enemy by firing over the 
heads of our own troops, distant five hundred yards, as no better 
position could be obtained and the use of the guns was imperative. 
The firing was very effective, and as far as known, without accident 
to our own troops. Down to ten o clock P. M., the cannonade was 
at times terrific and contributed much to checking the enemy. The 
batteries were then entrenched. 

" Early next morning (Sunday, the 3d) the enemy renewed 
the attack and the batteries replied. An open field about three- 
fourths of a mile to the left and front of the Battery, occupied by 

[44] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

one of our brigades and some guns, was taken possession of by the 
enemy, who opened with artillery on Best s position with fearful 
effect, killing, among others, Captain Robert B. Hampton, of the 
Pittsburgh Battery, blowing up one of his caissons and enfilading our 
line of infantry. Best, however, stood to his work manfully until 
about nine A. M., when, the infantry having retired, both flanks of 
the Batteries being turned, the enemy s musketry picked off men 
and horses, and the ammunition being nearly expended, the guns 
were withdrawn to save them." 

General John W. Geary, in his report of operations since the 
morning of April 27th, says: 

" In obedience to orders I broke up the several camps of the 
brigades of the Second Division, at an early hour on the morning 
of the 27th, and took up line of march in the direction of Stafford 
Court House, at which point I was joined by the Twenty-eighth 
Pennsylvania, of the First Brigade, from Dumfries, thus making 
my command complete and consisting of the following regiments: 
The Twenty-eighth, Twenty-ninth, One Hundred and Ninth, One 
Hundred and Eleventh, One Hundred and Twenty-fourth, One 
Hundred and Twenty-fifth and One Hundred and Forty-seventh 
Pennsylvania ; the Sixtieth, Sixty-eighth, One Hundred and Second, 
One Hundred and Thirty-seventh, and One Hundred and Forty- 
ninth New York ; and the Fifth, Seventh, Twenty-ninth, and Sixty- 
sixth Ohio, in three brigades, commanded, respectively, by Colonel 
Canby and Generals Kane and Greene. To these are to be added 
an artillery brigade, under command of Captain Knap, Chief of 
Artillery, consisting of Knap s (Pennsylvania) Battery, Lieutenant 
Atwell commanding, and Hampton s (Pittsburgh) Battery, Cap 
tain R. B. Hampton commanding. 

* The Division halted for the night at a farm some three miles 

[45] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

east of Hartwood Church, and in the morning advanced toward 
Kelly s Ford on the Rappahannock River, encamped on the night 
of the 28th some two miles north of the river, and early on the morn 
ing of the 29th crossed on a pontoon bridge thrown over the Rappa 
hannock River a short distance below the ford. The column was 
then put in motion in the direction of the bridge over the Rapidan 
at Germanna Mills, which point was reached about four o clock 
P. M., where I found the bridge destroyed, and the First Division in 
the act of fording the river some one hundred yards below. Per 
ceiving from the rapidity of the current and the depth of the water, 
that the passage of so large a body of men would be attended with 
great risk and probably a loss of life, I at once halted my command 
and commenced the erection under my own personal superintendence, 
of a foot bridge, using in its construction material which had been 
collected by the enemy to construct a bridge at that place. This 
was completed in a few hours and was of sufficient strength to 
admit the passage of our mule trains of ammunition and forage. 
Upon it the division crossed in good order, and was on the heights 
on the south side of the Rapidan at nine o clock that evening, where 
it bivouacked during the night. 

" Early on the morning of the 30th, I advanced in accordance 
with orders in the direction of Chancellorsville. About ten o clock 
the Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania, which had been detached from 
our right flank, fell in with a body of the enemy s cavalry, accom 
panied with two pieces of artillery, and a brisk skirmish ensued, in 
which the loss on our part was one man killed and one wounded. 

Without further molestation we advanced and entered Chan 
cellorsville about two o clock P. M., where my command was 
immediately disposed in line of battle in the following order : Hamp 
ton s and Knap s Batteries were posted on a rising ground command 
ing the approach by the plank and wilderness roads leading to 

[46] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Fredericksburg at a point about two hundred and fifty yards in front 
and slightly to the left of the Chancellorsville House. They were 
supported by the Seventh Ohio and Twenty-eighth Pennsylvania 
Regiments, who thus composed the extreme left of the line. 

" On the morning of May 1 st, in obedience to orders, I 
marched my command from their lines, leaving Hampton s Battery 
to cover advance eastward along the plank road about one and one- 
half miles, and after some heavy fighting, I received orders to fall 
back to my original position near Chancellorsville. 

" On the morning of the second, indications of a movement of 
the enemy were visible on our front and along a road leading in a 
westerly direction apparently from the vicinity of Fredericksburg. 
Columns of their infantry and artillery could be seen about two 
miles distant, moving along a ridge in a southwesterly direction. 

" Upon one of these columns about noon Hampton s and 
Knap s Batteries were directed to open fire. They were replied to 
with much spirit at first, but a well directed fire soon silenced their 
battery, blowing up two caissons of the enemy and dismounting one 
of their guns, and the road after this was kept clear of the enemy s 
columns. 

" Shortly after daylight on the morning of the third, the action 
commenced at a distance from our line on the right and rear of the 
army and within half an hour it had reached my division. The fire 
upon our lines was of the most terrific character I ever remember to 
have witnessed. 

The service has lost a brave and gallant soldier in the death 
of Captain Robert B. Hampton, of Hampton s Battery. At the 
commencement of our operations, he was attached to my command, 
but was temporarily detached on the evening of the 2d instant, 
and ordered to right of the First Division. While there, in the 
execution of his duty, he fell mortally wounded, on the morning of 

[47] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

the third, and died within half an hour. When I mention him as 
one of the bravest and most gallant officers of the service I feel that 
I am scarcely doing justice to his worth as a soldier and a gentle 
man." 

On the morning of the 5th, the three Pittsburgh Batteries, 
Hampton s, Knap s and Thompson s recrossed the river at United 
States Ford and were placed in position on the north bank covering 
the pontoon bridge over which the army was retreating the whole 
of that day and the night following. At daylight on the 6th, 
the enemy was discovered throwing up earthworks on an opposite 
eminence. Fire was opened upon them to which they replied with 
two twenty-four pounder howitzers and several rifled guns posted to 
the right and left. The eighteen guns of the three batteries soon 
succeeded in blowing up the enemy s caissons, silencing their guns 
and compelling their gunners to run to the cover of the woods, leav 
ing their guns on the field. When all the army had recrossed the 
river and the last pontoon had been taken up the batteries returned 
to their camp at Aquia Creek. 

The record of Captain Robert B. Hampton is such a brilliant 
one that no words of praise that we can now write would add any 
luster to it. As he was carried from the field past the Chancellors- 
ville House, the headquarters of General Hooker, the commanding 
General, notwithstanding the hurry and confusion of the battle, 
found time to lean over his wounded comrade and bid him good bye 
and be of good cheer. We subjoin an extract from a letter written 
by General Joe Hooker to a gentleman in Pittsburgh, in which he 
makes mention of Captain Hampton. 

" Lookout Valley, Tenn., Feb. 24, 1864. 
"My Dear Sir: 

" It was my fortune to make the acquaintance of Robert 
Hampton in California, and when I assure you that his character 

[48] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

as a citizen was marked by qualities no less attractive than those 
subsequently displayed by him as a soldier, you will be able to 
appreciate my friendship for that lamented officer. Indeed, his 
character was almost faultless. Genial, generous, strong and faith 
ful in his friendship in private life, and in his official character 
humorous, brave and noble. Of all who have fallen victims of the 
Rebellion, I know of no firmer spirit that that of your friend, Bob 
Hampton. 

* Very respectfully your friend, 

JOSEPH HOOKER." 

The following letter from Major Robert H. Fitzhugh gives his 
impressions of the work of the Hampton Battery at Chancellors- 
ville : 

" Comrade WlLLIAM CLARK, 
Secretary Publishing Committee, 

Hampton Battery Veteran Association, 
" Dear Comrade : 

" In complying with your request to state what I saw of the 
service rendered by the Hampton Battery at the Battle of Chan- 
cellorsville, it will be necessary to first briefly outline the situation 
in the vicinity of the Battery s position on the morning of May 3, 
1863. 

" On the evening of Saturday, May 2d, the disaster to 
Howard s Eleventh Corps was followed by a drawing in of the 
Union line, so that, on Sunday morning, May 3d, it surrounded 
Chancellorsville in an irregular semi-circle of about one-half mile 
radius, convex to the south, and each wing being extended north 
ward, so as to protect the road to United States Ford on the Rap- 
pahannock River. 

[49] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

" Chancellorsville, then the center of the Union position and, 
at that date, simply one large brick house, lies at the intersection 
of: 1st, the United States Ford road above mentioned, running 
north; 2d, the Plank Road running west; and 3d, the three 
roads running east to Fredericksburg, which need not be specified 
here. One-half mile west of Chancellorsville, the Fairview Ridge 
crosses the Plank Road and runs south for about six hundred yards 
until it sinks into a marshy valley. This valley crosses the Plank 
Road about four hundred yards west of the Fairview Ridge, and 
runs south, parallel with it, but turns to the southeast after passing 
the south end of the ridge. 

" From Chancellorsville to the marshy valley west of the 
Fairview Ridge, the ground was clear of timber on the south side 
of the Plank Road for a width of say, six or seven hundred yards. 
On the north side of the Plank Road grew the " Wilderness thicket. * 
Toward the south end of the Fairview Ridge was a log building 
(" The Fairview House ") near which General Slocum had estab 
lished his headquarters. 

" About five or six hundred yards southwest from the Fairview 
House, and in plain view, across the marshy valley was the Hazel 
Grove clearing, this being about as high as the Fairview Ridge. 

" At daylight on May 3d, Stonewall Jackson s command, 
now under Stuart, was about one mile west of Chancellorsville, 
toward which it was moving on both sides of the Plank Road, while 
Lee, with the Division of Anderson and McLaws, was pressing also 
toward Chancellorsville from about the same distance on the east 
and south. 

* Opposing Stuart s advance were Berry s Division of the 
3d Corps, north of, and Williams Division of the 12th Corps, 
south of the Plank Road, the infantry line occupying the edge of 
the woods along the marshy valley, some 400 yards west of the 

[50] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Fairview Ridge, while on the crest of the ridge was a line of thirty- 
four guns, posted there on the evening of May 2d by Captain 
Best, Chief of Artillery of the 12th Corps. The guns were en 
trenched during the night. 

" Until daylight of May 3d, Birney s and Whipple s 
Divisions of the 3d Corps occupied the Hazel Grove clearing, 
facing the right flank of Stuart s advance. Confronting McLaws 
and Anderson, south and east of Chancellorsville, were Geary s 
Division of the 12th Corps, whose right joined Williams left, fac 
ing south and southeast, and, on Geary s left, facing southeast and 
east, Hancock s Division of the 2d Corps. French s Division of 
the 2d Corps was moved early in the morning from Chancellors 
ville to the support of Berry on the Union right. 

" All of Hooker s army, except the Divisions above mentioned, 
and also excepting the 6th Corps, then near Fredericksburg, were, 
by daylight of May 3d, retired behind the new line about one mile 
north of Chancellorsville, forming a force of about 37,000 men 
lying inactive during the heavy fighting of May 3d, they being 
within from one to four miles of the Chancellorsville House. This 
surprising fact may, perhaps, ba explained by supposing that Hooker 
expected to fight at greater advantage with all of his force inside of 
his new defenses. And it is certain that, after hiving ordered such 
withdrawal, Hooker, at 9:00 A. M., was knocked senseless by a shot 
striking a brick pillar of the Chancellorsville House, against which 
he was leaning, and that he remained prostrated for some hours, 
leaving the army without a Commander. But, whatever the cause 
of the inaction of 37,000 Union troops, what actually happened was 
that the 2d, 3d and 12th Union Corps, with an aggregate on 
April 30 (the nearest complete return) of 49,064, opposed a Con 
federate force of 5 1 ,757. * 

* General Alexander gives Lee s force on April 30th at 60,000 

Deducting Early s Division opposing Sedgwick 8,243 



Confederate force at Chancellorsville 51,757 

[51] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

* The position as it stood at 3 :00 A. M. of May 3d, and 
without Sedgwick, and perhaps without aid from the 37,000 troops 
of the new line, should have given Hooker the victory. While 
Birney s and Whipple s Divisions remained on their commanding 
position at Hazel Grove, close upon Stuart s right flank, any at 
tempt by him upon the Fairview Ridge must have been hopeless. 
But Hooker had determined to still further draw in his lines to the 
strengthened position north of Chancellorsville, above mentioned, 
and just before daylight of May 3rd, directed Sickles to retire 
Birney and Whipple to the plain east of the Fairview Ridge. This 
abandonment of Hazel Grove was fatal. General E. P. Alexander, 
who then commanded Stuart s artillery, says of it * Even as the field 
stood, with or without the arrival of Sedgwick, the battle was still 
Hooker s had he fought where he stood. * * * There has 
rarely been a more gratuitous gift of a battlefield. 

The withdrawal was nearly completed at daylight, when 
Stuart attacked the rear brigade (Graham s), capturing four guns, 
the fire of which was immediately turned on the Fairview Ridge, 
whilst Stuart s whole line on both sides of the Plank Road pressed 
closely on Williams and Berry, Anderson and McLaws at the same 
time engaging with Geary and Hancock. 

* The Hampton Battery had taken position on the left of 
Captain Best s line of thirty-four guns, on the Fairview Ridge, at 
about 7:30 P. M. of the 2d, and with the other guns of the line had 
been firing on the Confederate infantry over the heads of Williams 
Division. But when the captured guns opened on us from Hazel 
Grove, Captain Hampton turned his fire there and soon silenced 
them. Now, however, Stuart took the advantage which Hooker 
had thrown away, and his Chief of Artillery, Alexander, hurried 
fifty guns to the Hazel Grove clearing, from which, as General 
Alexander states, forty pieces were soon firing at one time. By 

[52] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

seven o clock this forty gun battery was sending shot and shell full 
upon the left flank of Williams infantry and obliquely along the 
line of Best s artillery, while the Confederate infantry made charge 
after charge, and maintained a close and severe fire upon the front. 
By 8:30 A. M. Williams had withdrawn his infantry from the front, 
and now every gun from Hazel Grove was firing furiously on 
Best s line, while Stuart s infantry charged to within a hundred 
yards of the Union guns, delivering a close and destructive fire. 
Shot from Hazel Grove seemed to rip the Fairview line from end to 
end, and our comfort was not increased by noticing that some of 
McLaws fire from the rear was dropping in among our guns. All 
along the line men, teams and limbers went down, making it one 
of the raggedest looking artillery lines of the war. At the left of 
Best s line was the Hampton Battery, catching the first, and per 
haps the worst of the fierce flank fire. Nine men were killed and 
wounded, thirty-two horses killed, two ammunition chests exploded, 
and Captain Hampton, his leg torn off by a shell, was carried dying 
from the field. And now was shown what stuff the Hampton 
Battery men were made of. An officer of Hooker s staff directed 
the commanding officer, Lieutenant Fleming, to make no reply to 
the Hazel Grove fire, but to turn every gun upon the charging Con 
federate infantry in the front. And, for the last hour of the fighting 
at Fairview, while that storm of shot and shell poured unceasingly 
on their undefended flank, the Hampton Battery men stood to their 
guns, driving back the close pressing infantry, until, with their am 
munition expended, the Battery was finally retired with the rest 
of the line by direction of General Slocum. No finer instance of 
constancy and devotion appears among the records of the war. 

" At 9:00 A. M., the Battery Commanders had reported their 
ammunition nearly spent, and bullets were hissing in from the right, 
added to the sustained infantry fire from the front and the con- 

[53] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

tinued pounding from Hazel Grove. Best then withdrew the guns, 
first from the left, then from the right, and last from the right 
center. In men, horses and material, all of the batteries of the 
line had lost heavily; but not a gun was lost, and they had so 
delayed Stuart s advance that all of the troops and trains outside of 
Hooker s new defensive line were withdrawn without further seri 
ous loss. 

" Between 10:30 and 1 1 A. M. Stuart s and Lee s troops met at 
the Chancellorsville House. If Stuart could have forced the Fair- 
view line and have met Lee two hours earlier, very heavy losses and 
perhaps wholesale captures must have been incurred by a large 
part of the Union troops near Chancellorsville. In that event, it 
is certain that neither Sickles with the 3d Corps, nor Slocum with 
the 12th, nor Hancock with the 2d, could have played the distin 
guished part enacted by each at Gettysburg. The Army of the 
Potomac would have been by no means the same as that which 
fought there under Meade. In short, it is clear that the stand made 
on the Fairview Ridge was a large factor in the course of events 
that made possible the turning of the tide when Pickett reached 
High Water Mark on Cemetery Ridge. And all who saw it 
will surely say that its post of honor on that Fairview line was 
worthily held by the Hampton Battery. 

" It may be as well to add that, at Chancellorsville, I was a 
Captain in the First New York Artillery, commanding Battery 
K, and was Chief of Artillery of Williams Division, 12th Corps, 
and that from my station with the guns on Fairview Ridge I was an 
eye witness of the service there rendered by the Hampton Battery. 

The space assigned to me permits only matter strictly bear 
ing on the Hampton Battery s record; but I venture to add the 
strength and losses of both sides. 

" Aside from the 6th Corps, and Early s command opposed 

[54] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

to it, the strength and losses of the forces actually engaged at 
Chancellorsville, on May 3d, were as follows: 

Strength. Losses. 

Union 49,064 8,752 

Confederate... 51,757 11,653 

The figures speak for themselves. 

* The accompanying map is based on one attached to General 
Slocum s report. 

ROBERT H. FITZHUGH, 
Late Major, New York Artillery and Brevet 
Lieutenant Colonel, United States Volunteers." 
Pittsburgh, Pa., 

February 12, 1909." 

On June 3, 1863, Batteries F and C Hampton s and 
Thompson s having become so reduced in numbers as to be unable 
to man all their guns, were consolidated under the command of 
Captain James Thompson and attached to the Reserve Artillery of 
the Army of the Potomac, commanded by General R. O. Tyler. 
Twenty-four men of the Hampton Battery were also temporarily 
detailed to Battery " H, " First Ohio Artillery, under Captain 
Huntington, as follows: 

Sergeant PATRICK HEFFERNAN 
Sergeant GEORGE RlTCHIE 
Private WlLLIAM W. DALMAS 
Private WASHINGTON BASSETT 
Private AMOS BAXTER 
Corporal WlLLIAM T. PHILLIS 
Corporal NEWELL A. BORDEN 

Private ToWNSEND ADAMS 

[55] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




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[56] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Private CHARLES B. BULLOCK 
Private SAMUEL CREESE 
Private FRANK KROME 
Private WlLLIAM G. LAFFERTY 
Private JOHN SMITH 
Private JOHN TETLEY 
Private THOMAS FRANK 
Private WlLLIAM YOUNG 
Private JACOB KEIRSH 
Private EDWARD E. JONES 
Private CORNELIUS D. RUPERT 
Private JONAS SMITH 
Private WlLLIAM A. TURNER 
Private EDMUND J. WlLKINS 
Private HORACE S. CROFUT 

Private JOHN YOUNG 

On the 3d of June, 1863, Lieutenant Fleming, and on June 
26th, Lieutenant Harbours resigned. Robert Paul, First Sergeant, 
was promoted to Second Lieutenant to fill the vacancy and Lieu 
tenant Irish was promoted to Captain. 

On Saturday, June 1 3, the movement which culminated in the 
Battle of Gettysburg was begun from Falmouth, Virginia. The 1 st 
of July found the Batteries at Taneytown. On the 2d of July, at 
Gettysburg, Batteries F and C went into position in the Peach 
Orchard, with two guns facing to the west and four to the south, 
where for the space of an hour or more they were desperately en 
gaged with the enemy s infantry and artillery. The Batteries were 
driven back with Sickles Corps with the loss of one gun, which was 
abandoned on account of all the horses having been killed and the 
ground being of such a nature that it could not be hauled off by 

[57] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




MONUMENT IN PEACH ORCHARD, GETTYSBURG. POSITION 
OF JULY 2D, 1863. 

[58] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

hand. It was, however, recovered on the 4th. The loss in the 
Peach Orchard was fourteen men killed and wounded and eighteen 
horses. 

On the 3d of July the Batteries were posted with the Second 
Corps holding the left center of the line, and with that Corps were 
engaged on the afternoon of that day in the fierce struggle which 
finally decided the battle. The clump of trees which marks the 
position of General Webb s Division on the line where Pickett s 
famous charge struck and broke through the defenses, was just 
to their right. To describe the part they took in the struggle would 
necessitate the repetition of the oft told and familiar story of the 
boldest and most disastrous charge in the War of the Rebellion. 

Among the wounded were Captains Thompson and Irish, the 
latter severely, Lieutenants Stevenson and Haslett, of Battery C, 
and Lieutenant Joseph L. Miller, of the Hampton Battery, who 
was mortally wounded. 

Colonel McGilvery, commanding the Artillery Brigade, makes 
mention of Hampton s and Thompson s C and F Batteries as fol 
lows, in his official report to General R. O. Tyler: 

" At 3 :30 o clock on July 2d, I received an order from 
yourself to report with my brigade to General Sickles. 

" By General Sickles order I made an examination of the 
ground and placed four of my batteries in a position that commanded 
most of the open country. * * * Hampton s and Thompson s 
Batteries of my brigade took position on the right of the Fifteenth 
New York Battery, two sections of which battery fronted and fired 
in the direction of those heretofore mentioned, and the right section 
fronted to the right, and opened fire on a section or more of the 
enemy s artillery posted in the woods at canister range, immediately 
on the right of the battery under my command, the enfilade fire of 

[59] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

which was inflicting serious damage through the whole line of my 
command. 

" At about five o clock a heavy column of the enemy s infantry 
made its appearance in a grain field about 850 yards in front, moving 
in quick time toward the woods on our left, where the infantry 
fighting was then going on. A well directed fire from all the bat 
teries was brought to bear upon them, which destroyed the order of 
their march and drove many back into the woods on their right, 
though the main portion of the column succeeded in reaching the 
point for which they started, and sheltered themselves from the 
artillery fire. 

" In a few minutes another and larger column appeared at 
about 750 yards, presenting a slight left flank to our position. I 
immediately trained the entire line of our guns upon them and opened 
with various kinds of ammunition. The column continued to move 
in at double quick until its head reached a barn and farm house im 
mediately in front of my left battery, about 450 yards distant, where 
it came to a halt. I gave them canister and solid shot with such 
good effect that I am sure that several hundred were put hors de 
combat in a short space of time. The column was broken part 
fled in the direction from whence they came ; part pushed on into the 
woods on our left; the remainder endeavored to shelter themselves 
in masses around the house and barn. 

" At about six o clock the enemy s infantry gained possession of 
the woods immediately on the left of my line of batteries, and our 
infantry fell back both on our right and left, when great disorder 
ensued on both flanks of the line of batteries. At this period of 
the action all of the batteries were exposed to a warm infantry fire 
from both flanks and front, whereupon I ordered them to retire 250 
yards and renew their fire. The Captains evinced great coolness 
and skill in retiring their batteries by prolong firing canister, in 

[60] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

their new position, which effectually checked the enemy in his ad 
vance for a short time. 

* The crisis of the engagement had now arrived. In the 
meantime, I formed a new line of artillery about 400 yards to the 
rear, close under the woods, and covering the opening which led into 
the Gettysburg and Taneytown road, of the following batteries and 
parts of batteries: Battery I, Fifth Regular, and a volunteer bat 
tery which I have never been able to learn the name of; Fifth 
Massachusetts; and Hampton s and Thompson s Pennsylvania Bat 
teries, and commenced firing on the enemy s line of infantry and ar 
tillery which had formed in the open field only about 700 or 800 
yards in our front. A brook, running through low bushes parallel 
to our front, midway between ours and the enemy s lines, was 
occupied by the enemy s sharpshooters. As soon as the Sixth Maine 
Battery reported, which was about sundown, I ordered canister to 
be used on the low bushes in front, which compelled them to retire. 
The unknown battery, heretofore mentioned, left the field; the guns 
of Battery I, Fifth Regulars, were abandoned; Hampton s and 
Thompson s guns, being out of ammunition, were sent to the rear. 

" In conclusion I feel it a duty to state that the officers and 
men of all the batteries in my brigade behaved in the most gallant 
manner. On July 2d, when the battle raged most furiously, part 
of the Fifth and Ninth Massachusetts and Hampton s and Thomp 
son s Pennsylvania batteries contested every inch of ground and 
remained on the field to the very last. Captain Irish, of Hampton s 
Battery, aide to me, was hit on the thigh in the early part of the 
engagement by a solid shot, but would not leave the field to have 
his wound dressed until ordered by me to do so, and, notwith 
standing a serious contusion from which he was suffering, reported 
to me on the morning of July 3d, and remained with me during the 
day. 

F. McGlLVERY, 
Lieutenant Colonel Commanding Brigade." 

[61] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 





MONUMENT ON HANCOCK AVENUE, GETTYSBURG. POSITION OF 

JULY 3d, 1863. 



[62] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Captain James Thompson, in his report, speaking of his own 
and Hampton s Batteries, said: 

" I would most respectfully report that about 5 :00 P. M. on 
July 2d, in accordance with orders received from Lieutenant Col 
onel McGilvery, commanding First Brigade Artillery Reserve, ! 
proceeded with my Battery and Hampton s to the front and took a 
position which he assigned me, occupying the angle where the right of 
our line was thrown back, and facing southward about two miles 
from the town. 

" I placed two guns facing west and four guns facing to the 
south, and was engaged with the enemy s infantry and artillery for 
about one hour, when the enemy advanced and drove back our 
infantry supports, capturing one of the guns facing west, but our 
infantry, rallying, recaptured it, when I limbered them up and 
retired about three hundred yards, as our infantry was again falling 
back, and brought them into action again with the four guns that 
were in action facing to the south, and fired a few rounds, when we 
were driven back, having the horses in one of the gun s limbers killed, 
and also in one of our caissons limbers. I had the gun horses dis 
engaged and the piece moved off some distance by hand, and as 
the enemy was gaining ground rapidly on us, the infantry that were 
assisting us left, and we were compelled to leave it, having one 
man killed, eight wounded and four missing, supposed to have been 
taken prisoners. We then retired and afterward fired a short time 
from a position about 1 200 yards in the rear. I was then permitted 
to retire the batteries and replace the disabled horses, etc., and 
was ordered into park until morning. 

" I had my horse shot under me, and eighteen more were killed. 
At about 5:00 A. M., July 3rd, was placed in position in line with 
Battery K, Fourth United States Artillery, on our right, and Cap- 

[63] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




BRONZE TABLET ON MONUMENT. HANCOCK AVENUE, GETTYSBURG. 



[64] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

tain Hart s Fifteenth New York Independent Battery on our left, 
at which place we were hotly engaged with the enemy frequently 
during the day, having four officers and ten men killed and wounded. 
" I have also most cheerfully to report very highly as to the 
conduct of my officers, non-commissioned officers and of the 
enlisted men. Would make special mention of Sergeant Thomas 
Brown, of New York Battery and also of Private Casper R. 
Carlisle, of Hampton s Battery, who, when the four lead horses 
of one of the guns were killed, one wheel horse badly wounded, 
and the driver also wounded, assisted me to disengage the traces of 
the dead leaders under a heavy musketry fire (in action of the 2d 
instant) and he mounted the other wheel horse and took the gun off 
the field, thereby saving it, and I recommend that a medal be granted 
him for his conduct on this occasion, and subsequent good conduct 
on the 3d inst. 

JAMES THOMPSON, 

Captain commanding Batteries 

C and F, Hampton s and Thompson s 

Pennsylvania Artillery." 

From the report of General R. O. Tyler, we make the fol 
lowing extracts : 

" At 3 :30 o clock P. M. on July 2d, pursuant to instructions 
received, I ordered Colonel McGilvery with two batteries (Fifteenth 
New York and Hampton s and Thompson s C and F, Independ 
ent Pennsylvania Artillery) of his brigade to report to Major 
General Sickles. Afterward, as the action went on, I sent forward, 
as they were called for, the remaining batteries of his brigade, in 
all thirty-four guns. 

These batteries were placed in position so as to fire upon the 
masses of the enemy moving up on our left flank, which made the 

[65] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

general artillery line make a large angle to the infantry line of 
battle, and exposed it to a very galling enfilading fire of the enemy s 
artillery, in addition to the continual annoyance of their sharp 
shooters. These batteries, under Colonel McGilvery, held their 
places, doing terrible execution upon the sucessive columns attack 
ing our left until about 6:00 P, M., when, our infantry falling back, 
they were compelled to retire, though contesting the ground 
gallantly under great disadvantages. 

" Upon the crest of the hill, Colonel McGilvery formed a new 
line with the guns he could collect, being reinforced by Dow with 
his battery (Sixth Maine) and the further advance of the enemy 
was checked by the artillery unaided by infantry. 

The reserve batteries lost very heavily on this occasion in 
horses and men, so that several guns were necessarily left upon the 
field, but, after dark, parties were sent out and all but one gun 
belonging to Hampton s and Thompson s C and F Batteries were 
returned to the command to which they belonged. The gun in 
question was left behind much nearer to the new position than many 
others which were regained, and it is not improbable that it was 
brought in by troops of some other Corps. I would call attention to 
Colonel McGilvery s report of this part of the action." 

In the report of General H. J. Hunt, Chief of Artillery of 
the Army of the Potomac, on the Battle of Gettysburg, he says : 

" In the meantime the additional batteries ordered from the 
reserve artillery (Hampton s and Thompson s C and F, Pennsyl 
vania; Sterling s Second Connecticut; and Ransom s Brigade, con 
sisting of Thomas C, Fourth United States ; Weir s C, Fifth United 
States, and Trumbull s F and K, Third United States Batteries) 
were brought up by General Tyler in person. Ransom s Brigade 

[66] 



^. 

OF THE A 

{ UNIVERSITY ) 
GF / 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

was formed on the crest, above general headquarters, and soon after 
Trumbull s, Weir s and Thomas batteries were ordered to join 
Humphreys Division, taking position on the right of Seeley. 

" Some time after, two batteries Watson s I, Fifth United 
States, Walcott s C, Massachusetts Artillery, were brought upon 
the ground by some staff officer of General Sickles; but for this 
there seemed to be no necessity, abundant provision having been 
made to supply all needs from the reserve artillery. The effect was 
to deprive the Fifth Corps of its batteries. The batteries were 
exposed to heavy front and enfilading fires, and suffered terribly; 
but as rapidly as any were disabled they were retired and replaced 
by others. Watson (I, Fifth United States) replaced Ames Bat 
tery (G, First New York) and Hampton s and Thompson s (C 
and F, Pennsylvania) took position near it, relieving Hart s (Fif 
teenth New York) . 

The officers and men performed their duties with great 
gallantry and success, notwithstanding the unfavorable nature of the 
ground which gave the enemy all the advantage of position, driving 
off several of the enemy s batteries, silencing others and doing good 
execution on his infantry until about five o clock, when the line 
was forced back and the batteries were compelled to withdraw. 

" So great had been the loss in men and horses that many 
pieces had to be withdrawn by hand and others left on the field, 
which, with the exception of four, were afterwards brought off. 
These belonged to Smith s Battery (Fourth New York, three guns) 
and one to Hampton s and Thompson s (C and F, Pennsylvania). 

" In withdrawing many acts of gallantry were performed, the 
enemy in several instances being driven out from the batteries by 
the cannoneers and such assistance as they could procure from the 
infantry near them. The line reformed on the crest which consti 
tuted our original line, and repulsed all further attacks. 

[67] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

"At 4:30 A.M. of the 3d, the batteries opened and fired 
without intermission for fifteen minutes into the wood, at a range of 
from 600 to 800 yards. Soon after daylight Rigby s Maryland 
Battery was also placed on the hill, and at 5 :30 A. M. all the bat 
teries opened and continued firing at intervals until 10:00 A.M., 
when the infantry succeeded in driving out the enemy and reoccupied 
their position of the day before. In this work the artillery rendered 
good service." 

General H. J. Hunt, in speaking of the battle of July 3d, 
says: 

" Next on the left of the artillery of the Second Corps were 
stationed Colonel McGilvery s command consisting of Hampton*s 
and Thompson s (C and F, Pennsylvania), Phillips (Fifth Mas 
sachusetts), Hart s (Fifteenth New York), Sterling s (Second 
Connecticut), Dow s (Sixth Maine), and Ames (First New 
York), all of the reserve. 

" At 10:00 A.M., I made an inspection of the whole line, 
ascertaining that all the batteries were in good condition and well 
supplied with ammunition. As the enemy was evidently increasing 
his artillery force in front of our left, I gave instructions to the bat 
teries and to the chiefs of artillery not to fire at small bodies nor 
to allow their fire to be drawn without promise of adequate results ; to 
watch the enemy closely, and when he opened to concentrate the 
fire of their guns on one battery at a time until it was silenced ; under 
all circumstances to fire deliberately and to husband their ammuni 
tion as much as possible. 

" I had just finished my inspection and was with Lieutenant 
Rittenhouse at the top of Round Top, when the enemy opened, at 
about 1 : 00 P. M., along his whole right, a furious cannonade on 
the left of our line. I estimated the number of his guns bearing on 

[68] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

our west front at from one hundred to one hundred and twenty. I 
have since seen it stated by the enemy s correspondence that there 
were one hundred and fifteen in all. To oppose these we could not, 
from our restricted position, bring more than eighty to reply effect 
ively. Our fire was well withheld until the first burst was over, 
except from the extreme right and left of our positions. It was then 
opened deliberately and with excellent effect. As soon as the nature 
of the enemy s attack was made clear and I could form an opinion 
as to the number of his guns, for which my position afforded great 
facility, I went to the park of the artillery reserve and ordered all 
of the batteries to be ready to move at a moment s notice. About 
2 :30 P. M., finding our ammunition running low and that it was very 
unsafe to bring up loads of it, a number of caissons and limbers hav 
ing been exploded, I directed that the fire should be gradually stop 
ped, which was done, and the enemy soon slackened his fire also. 
I then sent orders for such batteries as were necessary to replace 
exhausted ones. 

" I rode down to McGilvery s batteries and directed them to 
take the enemy in the flank as they approached. The enemy ad 
vanced magnificently, unshaken by the shot and shell which tore 
through his ranks from our front and from our left. The batteries 
having nearly exhausted their supply of ammunition, except can 
ister, were compelled to withhold their fire until the enemy, who 
approached in three lines, came within its range. When our can 
ister fire and musketry were opened upon them, it occasioned 1 
disorder, but still they advanced gallantly until they reached the 
stone wall behind which our troops lay. Here ensued a desperate 
conflict, the enemy succeeding in passing the wall and entering our 
lines, causing great destruction of life, especially among the batteries. 
Infantry troops were, however, advanced from our right; the rear 
line of the enemy broke, and the others who had fought with a gal- 

[69] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 










CAPTAIN HAMPTON S GRAVE, ALLEGHENY CEMETERY. 



[70] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

lantry that excited the admiration of our troops, found themselves cut 
off and compelled to surrender. 

" Soon the necessary measures had been taken to restore this 
portion of the line to an efficient condition. It required but a few 
minutes, as the batteries, as fast as withdrawn from any point, were 
sent to the artillery reserve, replenished with ammunition, reorgan 
ized, returned to the rear of the lines, and there awaited assignment. 
I then went to the left to see that proper measures had been taken 
for the same object. On my way I saw that the enemy was forming 
a second column of attack to his right at the point where the first was 
formed, and in front of the position of the First Corps. I gave in 
structions to the artillery, under command of Colonel McGilvery, to 
be ready to meet the first movements of the enemy in front. When 
the enemy moved these orders were well executed, and before he 
reached our line he was brought to a stand. The attacks on the 
part of the enemy were not well managed. Their artillery fire was 
too much dispersed, and failed to produce the intended effect. It 
was, however, so severe and so well sustained that it put to the test, 
and fully proved the discipline and excellence of our troops. 

This struggle closed the battle, and the night of the 3d, like 
the previous one, was devoted to repairs and reorganization." 

Batteries F and C Hampton s and Thompson s were at 
tached to the Second Army Corps after the Battle of Gettysburg 
at the request of General W. S. Hancock, and shared the fortunes 
of that famous Corps. When the Army returned to Virginia, the 
batteries moved with the column, crossing the Potomac at Berlin and 
advancing to Culpepper Court House. On the 1 1 th of October, 
1863, it commenced falling back to Centerville Heights, the enemy 
threatening to turn the right of the army. But on the 15th of 
October, we again advanced and engaged with them at Blackburn s 
Ford, driving them back. 

[71] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Toward the close of November, 1863, the army was put in 
motion for a vigorous campaign. The batteries crossed the Rappa- 
hannock at Kelly s Ford and the Rapidan at Germanna Ford, 
on the 27th and 28th were engaged at Mine Run, and on the 29th 
and 30th at White Hall Church. 

On the 5th of February, 1864, we joined the movement to 
Morton s Ford, on the Rapidan, and on the 6th had an engagement 
with the enemy. 

In the spring of 1 864, both batteries Hampton s and Thomp 
son s were ordered to Camp Barry, at Washington, D. C., to 
reorganize. Having each recruited to their maximum quota, they 
were thereafter separate organizations. The Hampton Battery was 
now under the command of Captain Nathaniel Irish. 

By order of the Secretary of War, the Hampton Battery, after 
its reorganization in the spring of 1 864, was ordered to the front at 
Harpers Ferry. Breckenridge was then making his raid into Mary 
land and to the rear of Washington. The troops stationed at 
Harpers Ferry being without experience, the members of the Hamp 
ton Battery rendered most efficient service on duty as scouts and on 
the outposts, being armed for the time with Springfield rifles. 

In the fall of 1864, the detail from Battery H, First Ohio, 
having returned, the Battery was remounted and equipped with 
three-inch rifled guns, and was attached to General W. S. Hancock s 
command, where it remained until June, 1865, when it was ordered 
to Pittsburgh, and on the 26th of June was mustered out of the 
service. 

On April 19, 1865, a detachment of picked men from the 
Hampton Battery, mounted, were selected as the guard of honor 
and guarded the catafalque of President Abraham Lincoln from the 
White House to the train. 

[72] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

ROSTER. 

ROBERT B. HAMPTON, Captain. Mustered in October 17, 
1 861 . Killed at Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 3, 1 863. Buried 
in Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

EDWARD R. GEARY, Captain. Commissioned October 20, 
1 863. Killed at Wauhatchie, Tennessee, before being mustered in. 
Buried at New Salem, Westmoreland County, Pa. Edward R. 
Geary Post No. 236, G. A. R., of Pittsburgh, was named for him. 

NATHANIEL IRISH, Captain. Mustered in January 31,1 862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1 865. Promoted from First Lieutenant May 
24, 1863. Wounded at Gettsyburg, July 2, 1863. Died in Iowa 
on November 8, 1870. 

JAMES PRESLEY FLEMING, First Lieutenant. Mustered in 
October 17, 1861. Resigned June 3, 1863. Died since the war. 
Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

LEWIS S. TARR, First Lieutenant. Mustered in October 1 7, 
1 86 1 . Dismissed December 28, 1 86 1 . 

ROBERT PAUL, First Lieutenant. Mustered in as First Ser 
geant October 8, 1861. Promoted from Sergeant June 2, 1863. 
Mustered out January 3, 1865 at the expiration of his term. Died 
September 1 1, 1905. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

FREDERICK L. ATWOOD, First Lieutenant. Mustered in 
August 12, 1862. Promoted from Sergeant November 9, 1863, to 
First Lieutenant. Brevet Captain, Major, Lieutenant Colonel 
March 13, 1865. Mustered out June 26, 1865. Died at San 
Diego, Cal., March 16, 1876. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

JOSEPH B. TODD, First Lieutenant. Mustered in October 8, 

[73] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

1861, as Sergeant. Promoted to Second Lieutenant March 2, 

1864. Wounded at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. Discharged on 
account of wounds, February 16, 1865. Died from effects of same. 
Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

GEORGE RITCHIE, First Lieutenant. Mustered in August 12, 

1862, as Sergeant. Promoted to Second Lieutenant February 25, 

1865, and to First Lieutenant March 9, 1865. Breveted Captain, 
Major, Lieutenant Colonel March 13, 1865. Wounded July 2, 

1863, at Gettysburg. Mustered out June 26, 1865. Died No 
vember 1 7, 1 880. Buried in Homewood Cemetery, Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

ALFRED N. HARBOURS, Second Lieutenant. Mustered in 
October 8, 1861. Resigned July 26, 1863. Died since the war. 
Buried at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

JOSEPH L. MILLER, Second Lieutenant. Mustered in August 
6, 1862. Died August 8, 1863, from wounds received at Gettys 
burg, July 2, 1 863. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

SAMUEL D. GLASS, Second Lieutenant. Mustered in October 
8, 1861, as Sergeant. Promoted to Second Lieutenant July 26, 
1863, and to First Lieutenant January 4, 1865. Mustered out 
January 22, 1865, at expiration of term. Died since the war at 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

FRANK H. SHIRAS, Second Lieutenant. Mustered in August 
12, 1862, as Sergeant. Promoted to Second Lieutenant March 9, 
1 865. Mustered out June 26, 1 865. 

FRANK A. MERRICK, Second Lieutenant. Mustered in 
1862, as Sergeant. Promoted to Second Lieutenant March 10, 
1865. Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

BENJAMIN R. PARKE, First Sergeant. Mustered in August 

[74] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

12, 1862. Promoted to Sergeant May 1, 1865. Mustered out 
June 26, 1865. 

DAVID A. STEWART, Quartermaster Sergeant. Mustered in 
October 8, 1861. Discharged, date lost. Died since the war at 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

JOHN T. ROWLEY, Quartermaster Sergeant. Mustered in 
October 8, 1 861 . Mustered out October 21,1 864. 

SAMUEL B. BECKER, Sergeant. Mustered in August 12, 
1862. Promoted Sergeant. Mustered out June 26, 1865. Died 
in 1 865 at Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pitts 
burgh, Pa. 

JAMES PETERS, Sergeant. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Promoted to Sergeant March 10, 1865. Mustered out June 26, 
1865. Wounded in both legs at Chancellorsville May 3, 1863. 

JOHN B. MCCLELLAND, Sergeant. Mustered in August 12, 
1862. Promoted to Sergeant May 2, 1865. Mustered out June 
26, 1865. 

ROBERT E. MACOUBRAY, Sergeant. Mustered in October 8, 

1861. Promoted Sergeant. Wounded May 3, 1863, at Chan 
cellorsville, and at Rappahannock Station, Virginia, September 1 7, 

1862. Mustered out October 8, 1864. 

JOHN C. SHALER, JR., Sergeant. Mustered in August 12, 
1862. Promoted Sergeant. Mustered out June 26, 1865. Died 
at Pittsburgh, Pa., January 22, 1897. Buried in Allegheny 
Cemetery. 

HARRY S. DRAVO, Quartermaster Sergeant. Mustered in 
August 12, 1862. Mustered out June 26, 1865. Promoted to 
Quartermaster Sergeant. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in 
Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa., October 14, 1865. 

[75] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

FREDERICK A. PARKE, Sergeant. Mustered in August 12, 
1 864. Mustered out, date not known. Died since the war. 

WILLIAM T. PHILLIS, Sergeant. Mustered in October 8, 

1 861 . Promoted to Sergeant. Mustered out June 26, 1 865. Died 
September 27, 1872. Buried in Uniondale Cemetery, Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

ISAIAH K. BECKER, Sergeant. Mustered in September 24, 

1862. Wounded July 2, 1863, at Gettysburg. Promoted from 
Corporal May 2, 1865. Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN ELLIS, Sergeant. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Promoted to Sergeant. Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

HENRY BALKEN, Sergeant. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Wounded at Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 3, 1863. Promoted 
to Sergeant. Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

THOMAS NEELY, Sergeant. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out, date unknown. 

WILLIAM CLARK, Commissary. Mustered in October 8, 
1861. Wounded at Chancellorsville, Virginia, May 3, 1863. 
Mustered out October 8, 1 864, at expiration of term. 

JOSEPH B. STEINER, Corporal. Mustered in February 20, 
1864. Mustered out June 26, 1865. Died June 28, 1 902. Buried 
in Homewood Cemetery. 

HUGH A. CARGO, Corporal. Mustered in February 18, 
1864. Promoted to Corporal January 6, 1865. Mustered out 
June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM E. ROSS, Corporal. Mustered in February 18, 
1864. Promoted Corporal March 1, 1865. Mustered out June 
26, 1865. 

GEORGE W. HAZLETT, Corporal. Mustered in February 1 8, 

[76] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

1864. Promoted to Corporal January 1, 1865. Mustered out 
June 26, 1865. 

CHARLES STOEHR, Corporal. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Promoted to Corporal January 2, 1865. Mustered out June 26, 
1865. 

HENRY HALSTEAD, Corporal. Mustered in February 18, 
1864. Promoted to Corporal February 1, 1865. Mustered out 
June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE W. BRASHEAR, Corporal. Mustered in February 
18, 1864. Promoted to Corporal February 2, 1865. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

ROBERT S. PETERS, Corporal. Mustered in August 12, 
1862. Promoted from Artificer May 2, 1865. Mustered out 
June 26, 1865. Wounded while on picket in Loudon Valley in 
1864. 

CHRISTIAN SCHELLHARDT, Corporal. Mustered in Feb 
ruary 24, 1864. Promoted to Corporal May 3, 1865. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM MANCHESTER, Corporal. Mustered in March 5, 
1864. Promoted to Corporal May 4, 1865. Mustered out June 
26, 1865. 

SAMUEL A. LYDICK, Corporal. Mustered in February 24, 
1864. Promoted to Corporal May 5, 1865. Mustered out June 
26, 1865. Died since the war in Indiana County, Pa. 

ALEXANDER SHARP, Corporal. Mustered in October 31, 
1861. Mustered out November 12, 1864, at expiration of term. 

JAMES WALLACE, Corporal. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Killed at Winchester, Virginia, May 25, 1862. In evacuating 
Winchester, it was decided to blow up the fort rather than let it fall 

[77] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

into the hands of the enemy. The fuse was slow in exploding, and 
Corporal Wallace returned to see what was the matter, when the 
explosion took place, blowing him to pieces. 

RICHARD H. LEE, Corporal. Mustered in August 1 2, 1 862. 
Died in Washington, D. C., September 24, 1862. Forty-three days 
in service. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

DANIEL M. SHAEFFER, Corporal. Mustered in October 8, 
1 86 1 . Discharged on account of sickness. Died February 1 1 , 
1902, in Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Homewood Cemetery, Pitts 
burgh, Pa. 

WILLIAM J. PETERS, Corporal. Mustered in October 8, 
1861. Mustered out at the expiration of his term. Died June 16, 
1868, at Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Hilldale Cemetery, North 
Side, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

EDMUND J. WlLKINS, Corporal. Mustered in October 8, 
1861. Mustered out at expiration of term. Died May 28, 1908. 
Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

JAMES BASSETT, Corporal. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out at expiration of term. Died since the war at Pitts 
burgh, Pa. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

WlLLIAM W. DALMAS, Corporal. Mustered in October 8, 
1 861 . Mustered out at expiration of term. 

JOHN KENNING, Corporal. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out at expiration of term. 

JAMES W. WiLSON, Bugler. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out June 26, 1 865. Died since the war at Tarentum, Pa. 

AMOS S. PETRIE, Bugler. Mustered in August 8, 1862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1 865. 

[78] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

DAVID BARNETT, Artificer. Mustered in March 5, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26. 1865. 

MlLTON N. SLOPPY, Artificer. Mustered in October 8, 1 861 . 
Mustered out, date unknown. Died since the war at Luthersburg, 
Pa. 

CORNELIUS D. RUPERT, Artificer. Mustered in October 8, 
1 86 1 . Mustered out, date unknown. Died since the war at Pitts 
burgh, Pa. 

ROBERT CAMPBELL, Artificer. Mustered in January, 1862. 
Mustered out at expiration of term. 

PRIVATES. 

TOWNSEND ADAMS. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

HUGH W. ALEXANDER. Mustered in September 24, 1 862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM ARBOGAST. Mustered in February 2, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN H. ADAMS. Mustered in February 19, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

SAMUEL ANNIS. Mustered in February 25, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

CONRAD C. ARENSBERG. Mustered in August 29, 1862. 
Mustered out by general order. Wounded at Boonsboro, Mary 
land. 

WILLIAM ATWOOD. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out February 6, 1 864, to date January 4, 1 864. Drowned in 
Saginaw Bay, October 15, 1871, while First Lieutenant in United 
States Army. 

[79] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

LEWIS F. ARENSBERG. Mustered in August 11, 1 862. 
Mustered out by general order May 1 7, 1865. 

JOHN ARMOR. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

HENRY ADAMS. Mustered in February 1 3, 1 864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

THOMAS C. BUSHNELL. Mustered in September 24, 1 862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1 865. Died May 23, 1 902, at Morristown, 
Pa. 

AMOS BAXTER. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

CHARLES B. BULLOCK. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM BURNS. Mustered in January 30, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ROBERT W. BAIRD. Mustered in February 1 9, 1 864. Mus 
tered out by general order June 16, 1865. 

JOHN N. BROWN. Mustered in February 20, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

DAVID H. BVERS. Mustered in February 11,1 864. Absent 
(sick) at muster out. Died at Bakerstown, Pa. 

ALFRED R. BRASHEAR. Mustered in February 18, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. Died at Bakerstown, Pa. 

HENRY BURRY. Mustered in February 16, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

WASHINGTON BASSETT. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out October 8, 1864. Died April 8, 1896. Buried in 
Homewood Cemetery, Soldiers Lot. 

[80] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

ELLET F. BLACK. Mustered in February 24, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

AMOS A. BLACK. Mustered in February 24, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ALEXANDER C. BARR. Mustered in February 25, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN BRADLEY. Mustered in February 25, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JAMES H. BURKE. Mustered in February 24, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

STEPHEN B. BENNETT. Mustered in August 18, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN F. BVARD. Mustered in August 13, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE W. BARNES. Mustered in February 18, 1864. 
Mustered out, not on roll. 

JOHN BECHTOLD. Mustered in June 13, 1864. Not on 
muster out roll. 

CHARLES A. BORDEN. Mustered in October 8, 1 86 1 . Mus 
tered out at expiration of term. 

JAMES BOYLE. Mustered in February 26, 1864. Not on 
muster out roll. 

JOHN G. BEATTY, Sergeant. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out May 15, 1863, for disability. Died since the war at 
Columbiana, Ohio. 

NEWELL A. BORDEN. Mustered in October 8, 1 861 . Mus 
tered out at expiration of term. 

[81] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

THOMAS BRUNER. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mus 
tered out October 8, 1 864. 

WILLIAM BROWN. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered 
out, date unknown, for disability. Died since the war, at Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

GEORGE BEAUMONT. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mus 
tered out, date unknown, for disability. 

FRANK S. BAKEWELL, Hospital Steward. Mustered in 
August 12, 1862. Transferred to United States Army, date un 
known. 

FRED W. BESHORE. Mustered in, 1862. Mustered out, 
date unknown, for disability. 

JOHN BRIGHT. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Died during 
the war, date unknown. Buried at Verona, Pa. 

CHARLES R. BRIGHT. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Ac 
cidentally killed at Boonsboro, Maryland. Buried at Verona, Pa. 
Charles R. Bright Post, No. 360, G. A. R., Verona, Pa., was 
named after him. 

BENJAMIN M. CARLISLE. Mustered in October 8, 186K 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

CASPER R. CARLISLE. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Awarded medal by Congress for bravery at Gettysburg. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. Died April 19, 1908. Buried in Mt. 
Lebanon Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

HORACE S. CROFUT. Mustered in July 22, 1 862. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

THOMAS J. CAMPBELL. Mustered in February 23, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

[82] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

WILLIAM J. CHAMBERLAIN. Mustered in February 20, 
1 864. Mustered out June 26, 1 865. 

CHARLES CRINER. Mustered in March 2, 1864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

WASHINGTON CONNER. Mustered in February 24, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

ARTHUR CARSON. Mustered in February 10, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM CONNER. Mustered in February 24, 1 864. Absent 
(sick) at muster out. 

JOSEPH CRAWFORD. Mustered in February 15, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ALEXANDER J. CLARK. Mustered in February 8, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN L. CuPPS. Mustered in February 20, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN H. CUNNINGHAM. Mustered in January 18, 1862. 
Mustered out at expiration of term. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa., in 
1902. 

CHARLES W. COFFIN. Mustered in August 1 2, 1 862. Mus 
tered out on Surgeon s certificate May 6, 1865. Died in New 
Orleans, December 2, 1903. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery, Pitts 
burgh, Pa. 

BENJAMIN M. CLARK. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out October 8, 1864. Wounded at Chancellorsville, 
May 3, 1863. 

ALONZO CAVITT. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered 
out October 8, 1 864. Died since the war at Tarentum, Pa. 

[83] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

WILLIAM H. CAPPE. Mustered in, date unknown. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

SAMUEL CREESE. Mustered in, 1862. Mustered out, 1864. 
SETH A. CALHOUN. Mustered in, 1862. Mustered out, 
1864. 

TIMOTHY DUFFY, JR. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1 865. Wounded at Chancellorsville. Died 
since the war. 

MARTIN DEITRICH. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1 865. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

MICHAEL DEEMER. Mustered in April 24, 1 863. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE W. DEAN. Mustered in July 10, 1863. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

ANDREW D. DEAN. Mustered in February 1 9, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1 865. Died December 2, 1 908, at Sandy Lake, 
Pa. 

WILLIAM J. DENNISON. Mustered in February 23, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1 865. Died since the war. 

WILLIAM DOWNING. Mustered in February 10, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM DALZELL. Mustered in February 25, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN J. DEFORD. Mustered in March 26, 1 864. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN J. DE5ILVERIA. Mustered in, date unknown. Mus- 

[84] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

tered out, date unknown, for disability. Died since the war at 
Washington, D. C. 

JAMES DENNISON. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mus 
tered out October 8, 1 864. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

MICHAEL DENTZLER. Mustered in January 25, 1864. 
Mustered out, date unknown. 

WILLIAM DUNLAP. Mustered in February 10, 1864. 
Mustered out, date unknown. 

JAMES W. DUNHAM. Mustered in February 6, 1864. 
Mustered out, date unknown. 

WILLIAM EAKIN. Mustered in February 11,1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

CHARLES ECKERT. Mustered in February 12, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

BENONI EVANS. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

ALBERT M. EVANS. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mus 
tered out October 8, 1 864. Died December 3 1 , 1 89 1 , at Washing 
ton, D. C. Buried in Arlington Cemetery. 

JACKSON EVARTS. Mustered in February 1, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ROBERT FIFE. Mustered in April 24, 1863. Mustered out 
June 26, 1865. 

JOHN FlSHER. Mustered in February 25, 1864. Mustered 
out June 26, 1 865. Died at Sewickley, Pa. 

FRANCIS FREW. Mustered in February 23, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

THOMAS J. Fox. Mustered in February 9, 1864. Mus- 

[85] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

tered out June 26, 1865. Died at Military Home, Dayton, Ohio, 
since the war. 

THEODORE M. FINLAY. Mustered in, 1 862. Mustered out 
to become First Lieutenant of Independent Battery H, Pennsyl 
vania Artillery, October 21,1 862. 

BARNEY FREESE. Mustered in October 21, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

LARRY FIELDS. Mustered in February 19, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

WILLIAM FLUGGA. Mustered in December 1 1 , 1863. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

HENRY FIERES. Mustered in, 1862. Died at Warrenton 
Junction, August 27, 1863. 

DANIEL GuYSINGER. Mustered in July 5, 1863. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. Died since the war. 

MARTIN GIBSON. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. Died in 1904, at Tarentum, Pa. 

EVAN S. GlBSON. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

HUGH GLASGOW. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. Died at Irwin, Pa. 

JAMES GALLAGHER. Mustered in February 25, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ROBERT M. GILLESPIE. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1 865. 

ROBERT GLASGOW. Mustered in February 1 8, 1 864. Died 
at Washington, D. C., date unknown. 

[86] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

PATRICK GREEN. Mustered in February 12, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

JAMES GLENNAN. Mustered in February 23, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

JAMES GUE. Mustered in February 26, 1864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

PHILIP GARRISON. Mustered in, date unknown. Mustered 
out, date unknown. Died since the war. 

CHARLES M. GORMLEY. Mustered in September, 1862. 
Mustered out by general order, and transferred to office of Sec 
retary of War Edwin M. Stanton. Died April 21 , 1909. 

WILLIAM F. HOOD. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa., September 6, 
1877. Buried in Chartiers Cemetery. 

HENRY HEMPLE. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN H. HERBERT. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. Died from effects of wounds at Pitts 
burgh, Pa., since the war. 

MATTHEW H. HOLMAN. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN H. HAY. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. Died at Rochester, Pa., since the war. 

WILLIAM H. HORNER. Mustered in February 20, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

SAMUEL A. HAZLETT. Mustered in February 18, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE HOHL. Mustered in February 29, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

[87] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

JAMES W. HOOVER. Mustered in February 12, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

GORDON HELMAN. Mustered in February 12, 1864. Died 
during war, date unknown. 

HENRY G. HESS. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Killed at 
Bull Run, Virginia. 

JOHN HARRISON. Mustered in, date unknown. Mustered 
out for disability, date unknown. 

GEORGE A. HEBERTON. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Mustered out for promotion, date unknown. 

CHARLES HANSHAW. Mustered in, 1862. Captured by 
the enemy and later paroled. Died during war, date unknown. 

WILLIAM HASTINGS. Mustered in October 8, 1 861 . Killed 
at Sulphur Springs, Virginia. 

LOREN HURD. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered 
out at expiration of term. 

PATRICK HEFFERNAN, Sergeant. Mustered in January 18, 
1864. Died at York, Pa., during war, date unknown, from effect 
of wounds. 

WILLIAM HELMAN. Mustered in February 12, 1864. Died 
in service, date unknown. 

SAMUEL IRWIN. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Wounded 
at Bull Run, was discharged, and died from effects of wounds. 

MlLO E. INGRAM. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

BERNARD JOHNSON. Mustered in May 29, 1863. Mus 
tered out and transferred to United States Navy. 

JOHN JAMES. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered out 
for disability, date unknown. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

[88] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

EDWARD E. JONES. Mustered in March 30, 1863. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

FRANK KROME. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM KING. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mustered 
out June 26, 1 865. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa., July 4, 1 889. Buried 
in Allegheny Cemetery. 

HENRY A. KIDD. Mustered in August 1 2, 1 862. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. Wounded. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

JACOB KoCHER. Mustered in February 13, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM W. KLINE. Mustered in February 11, 1 864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

SAMUEL S. KENNEDY. Mustered in February 18, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. Died at Tarentum, Pa. 

GEORGE KRAPP. Mustered in February 25, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

CHRISTIAN KOENIG. Mustered in February 5, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM H. KNOX. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out by general order, May 22, 1 865. Died at Sewickley, Pa., 
May 7, 1 893. Buried in Sewickley Cemetery. 

CHARLES KIRCHAFFER. Mustered in August 3, 1864. 
Mustered out, date unknown. 

GEORGE D. KAUFMAN. Mustered in, date unknown. Miss 
ing after Battle of Antietam, and has not been heard from since. 

MICHAEL KECK. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

[89] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

JACOB KEIRSH. Mustered in October 8, 1862. Killed at 
Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. 

WILLIAM LEONARD. Mustered in December 24, 1861. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

DAVID LEWIS. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE W. LAND. Mustered in February, 1863. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

RALPH G. LEE. Mustered in February 29, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

FREDERICK LEOPOLD. Mustered in February 22, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

JAMES LYNCH. Mustered in February 5, 1864. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

DANIEL LAMBERT. Mustered in February 23, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE W. LITTLE. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out by general order, May 31, 1865. Died at Pittsburgh, 
Pa., February 16, 1906. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery. 

JOHN E. LOUGHREY. Mustered in February 2, 1 864. Died 
at Chester, Pa., August 22, 1864. 

DAVID LONG. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Absent at 
muster out. 

WlLLIAM LACY. Mustered in, 1 861 . Died in service, date un 
known. 

JOSEPH S. LEECH. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Cap 
tured by enemy and died in Libby Prison, date unknown. 

[90] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

WILLIAM G. LAFFERTY. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out for disability in 1863. 

WILLIAM MURRAY. Mustered in July 6, 1863. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

JAMES P. MILLER. Mustered in February 1 0, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1 865. 

WILLIAM MARKS. Mustered in February 1 8, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1 865. 

ISAAC P. MASON. Mustered in February 1 0, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN A. MILLER. Mustered in February 1 , 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE H. MITCHELL. Mustered in November 7, 1861. 
Mustered out November 7, 1 864, at expiration of term. 

JAMES E. MiLLER. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Wounded. 
Transferred to Company E, Twelfth Regiment, Veteran Reserve 
Corps. Mustered out by general order, June 27, 1865. Died from 
effects of wounds October 6, 1 902. Buried in Versailles Cemetery. 

JAMES M. MONTGOMERY. Mustered in December 1 1, 1863. 
Mustered out, date unknown. 

DAVID E. MARTIN. Mustered in December 11,1 863. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

JOHN A. MURDOCK. Mustered in February 4, 1 864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

HENRY MARTIN. Mustered in February 13, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

JOSEPH MARTIN. Mustered in, date unknown. Mustered 
out for disability, date unknown. 

[91] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

GEORGE V. MARSHALL. Mustered in August 12, 1862, 
transferred to Co. D, 20th Regt. V. R. C, detailed for duty in the 
Office of the Assistant Provost Marshal at Baltimore by order of 
the War Department. Date July 6, 1864. Mustered out at 
Baltimore June 26, 1865. 

ROBERT P. McKNlGHT. Mustered in February 18, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

CORNELIUS McCAULEY. Mustered in February 25, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

JAMES McCRACKEN. Mustered in February 11, 1 864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. Killed on Railroad, October 3, 
1 878. Buried in Beulah Cemetery. 

SAMUEL MCCLELLAN. Mustered in February 22, 1864. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

JOSEPH McBRIDE. Mustered in February 11,1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

WESLEY McCAUSLAND. Mustered in February 26, 1864. 
On detached service at muster out. 

HUGH McGAHAN. Mustered in May 13, 1863. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

JAMES McGoWAN. Mustered in February 28, 1 864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

THOMAS McCuE. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. Died since the war at Wexford, Pa. 

JOHN McCRACKEN. Mustered in February 15, 1864. 
Mustered out, date unknown. 

SAMUEL McATEE. Mustered in February 6, 1 864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

[92] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

GEORGE McBRIDE. Mustered in February 25, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

JOHN McALEASE, Veterinary Surgeon. Mustered in October 
8, 1861. Discharged for disability, date unknown. Died since the 
war at Pittsburgh, Pa. Was Veteran of Mexican War. 

JOSEPH McCoNNELL. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Killed 
at Chancellorsville, May 3, 1863. 

ROBERT McDADE. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mus 
tered out at expiration of term. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, 
Pa. 

HlRAM NEELY. Mustered in, 1862. Mustered out, date 
unknown. 

GEORGE NOBLE. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Dis 
charged by general order, June 21,1 865. Died January 30, 1 906. 
Buried in Allegheny Cemetery. 

WILLIAM A. NEWMAN. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

WILLIAM I. NEVIN. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Died 
at Washington, D. C., September 28, 1862, of camp fever. In ser 
vice 47 days. 

ASHER K. NICELY. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

JAMES O CONNER. Mustered in March 3, 1864. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

FRANK O NEIL. Mustered in February 10, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

JOHN PlERCE. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Discharged 
for disability. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

[93] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

WILLIAM POWERS. Mustered in August 1 8, 1 864. Absent 
(sick) at muster out, June 26, 1865. 

HUGH PURDY. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Killed at 
Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. 

JAMES PERCY. Mustered in February 12, 1864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

ORLANDO PRITCHARD. Mustered in, 1862. Mustered out, 
date unknown. 

CASPER PLECHTER. Mustered in June 13, 1864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

WILLIAM PRICE. Mustered in August 23, 1864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

THOMAS QUARTZ. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mus 
tered out October 8, 1 864. Died since the war at Pittsburgh, Pa. 

JACOB RoSENSTEEL. Mustered in February 1 , 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN S. RODGERS. Mustered in April 24, 1863. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

DAVID RAMSEY. Mustered in April 24, 1863. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

TOBIAS RlSSER. Mustered in February 1 9, 1 864. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

ROBERT C. RUSH. Mustered in September 23, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ROBERT W. Row. Mustered in February 1 8, 1 864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

ADAM RATH. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Killed at 
Gettysburg July 3, 1863. 

[94] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

JOSEPH REED. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered 
out October 8, 1864. Died since the war at Hampton Home. 

JOHN SMILEY. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered 
out June 26, 1 865. Died since the war at Verona, Pa. 

JOHN SMITH. Mustered in December 16, 1861. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

JONAS SMITH. Mustered in December 16, 1861. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

MILO B. STEWART. Mustered in April 24, 1 863. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

JAMES R. STECK. Mustered in February 29, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

EDWARD V. SLYE. Mustered in February 1 0, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JAMES A. STEWART. Mustered in February 24, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN G. SIMPSON. Mustered in March 19, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOSEPH L. SMITH. Mustered in August 11, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1 865. Died April 11,1 869, at Elizabeth, Pa. 
Buried at Elizabeth, Pa. 

GEORGE B. SONS. Mustered in February 1 0, 1 864. Absent 
without leave at muster out. 

JOHN SHAFER. Mustered in December 1 6, 1 863. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

GEORGE SHRUM. Mustered in December 11, 1863. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

GEORGE STAMM. Mustered in June 13, 1864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

[95] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

WILLIAM SCOTT. Mustered in August 1 8, 1 864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

CHARLES SIMON. Mustered in March 7, 1864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

JACOB SWAGER. Mustered in February 29, 1 864. Mustered 
out, date unknown. 

WILLIAM R. SEARS. Mustered in February 25, 1 864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

THOMAS SHULER. Mustered in, 1861. Mustered out for 
disability, date unknown. 

JOHN SLATTERLY. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Dis 
charged for disability, date unknown. Died since the war at 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

JAMES STACKHOUSE. Mustered in, 1861. Died a prisoner, 
date unknown. 

WILLIAM A. TURNER. Mustered in December 16, 1861. 
Mustered out June 26, 1 865. 

HENRY G. TiLL. Mustered in February 8, 1 864. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

JOSEPH S. TAYLOR. Mustered in August 11,1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE W. TEESE. Mustered in, 1862. Detailed to Quar 
termaster Department, date unknown. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa., 
July 26, 1 898. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery. 

JAMES D. TEESE. Mustered in, 1 862. Discharged for dis 
ability, date unknown. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa., April 5, 1864. 
Buried in Allegheny Cemetery. 

JOHN TETLEY. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Mustered 
out October 8, 1864. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa., since the war. 

[96] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

WILLIAM UPTEGRAFT. Mustered in July 1 8, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JAMES VANZANT. Mustered in October 21, 1861. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ARNOLD VORP. Mustered in February 1 8, 1 864. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

GEORGE VENTRESS. Mustered in August 11,1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

L. HALSEY WILLIAMS. Mustered in August 12, 1862. 
On detached service at muster out, 1865. Died at Leetsdale, Pa., 
May 26, 1891. 

JACOB G. WILLS, Corporal. Mustered in October 8, 1861. 
Mustered out June 26, 1865. 

MARION WICKLINE. Mustered in July 10, 1863. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ANDREW WRIGHT. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

JOHN WALKER. Mustered in July 10, 1863. Absent in 
arrest at muster out. 

FRANK H. WILLIAMS. Mustered in June 25, 1863. Mus 
tered out July 1 7, to date June 15, 1865. 

JOHN C. WATT. Mustered in February 2, 1864. Mustered 
out June 26, 1865. 

HENRY WYANT. Mustered in February 18, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

ALEXANDER WATSON. Mustered in March 5, 1864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa., since the war. 

PETER WALBECK. Mustered in December 14, 1863. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

[97] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 




MONUMENT IN EAST PARK, PITTSBURGH, (North Side) PA. 

[98] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

DAVID M. WlCKLlNE. Mustered in October 8, 1 861 . Mus 
tered out December 12, to date October 8, 1864. 

JOSEPH WADE. Mustered in January 18, 1862. Mustered 
out February 6, 1865, to date at the expiration of term. 

WILLIAM C. WAGNER. Mustered in February 18, 1864. 
Mustered out, date unknown. 

MAHLON WALKER. Mustered in August 26, 1 864. Mus 
tered out, date unknown. 

B. FRANK WEYMAN. Mustered in August 12, 1862. Dis 
charged on account of wounds received at Gettysburg, July 3, 1863. 

LEMUEL WlLCOX. Mustered in, 1862. Discharged, date 
unknown. 

JOHN WEBER. Mustered in, 1862. Mustered out, date 
unknown. 

PETER WILGING. Mustered in, 1863. Mustered out, date 
unknown. 

JAMES M. WlCKLlNE. Mustered in October 8, 1 861 . Mus 
tered out October 8, 1 864. 

WILLIAM WARNOCK. Mustered in October 8, 1 861 . Mus 
tered out October 8, 1864. Died at Pittsburgh, Pa., September 
1 7, 1 880. Buried in Uniondale Cemetery, North Side. 

VALENTINE A. WlSE. Mustered in October 8, 1 861 . Mus 
tered out for disability, date unknown. 

JOHN WEBBER. Mustered in October 8, 1861. Died at 
Edinburgh, Virginia, April 16, 1862. 

WILLIAM YOUNG. Mustered in October 31, 1861. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1865. 

[99] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




/ 




NAMES OF COMRADES WHO WERE KILLED OR DIED OF WOUNDS 

OR DISEASE. WEST FACE OF MONUMENT IN EAST 

PARK. PITTSBURGH, (North Side) PA. 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

HENRY YOUNG. Mustered in February 1 7, 1 864. Mus 
tered out June 26, 1 865. 

JOHN YOUNG. Mustered in, 1864. Discharged, date un 
known. 

WOUNDED. 

CONRAD C. ARENSBERG MATTHEW H. HOLMAN 

WILLIAM ATWOOD NATHANIEL IRISH 

HENRY BALKEN SAMUEL IRWIN 

JAMES BASSETT HENRY A. KIDD 

ISAIAH K. BECKER . ROBERT E. MACOUBRAY 

SAMUEL B. BECKER J. EDWIN MILLER 

ALONZO CAVITT JAMES PETERS 

BENJAMIN M. CLARK ROBERT PETERS 

WILLIAM CLARK GEORGE RITCHIE 

CHARLES W. COFFIN ALEXANDER SHARP 

TIMOTHY DUFFY, JR. B. FRANK WEYMAN 

PATRICK HEFFERNAN JAMES M. WICKLINE 

MEMBERS LIVING, AUGUST 1, 1909. 

ALEXANDER, HUGH W Pittsburgh, Pa. 

ARBOGAST, WILLIAM Pittsburgh, Pa. 

ARENSBERG, CONRAD C Oakmont, Pa. 

ARENSBERG, LEWIS F East Millsboro, Pa. 

BAIRD, ROBERT W Bakerstown, Pa. 

BAKEWELL, FRANK H Louisville, Ky. 

BALKEN, HENRY Pittsburgh, Pa. 

BARNETT, DAVID Columbiana, Ohio 

BAXTER, AMOS Avonmore, Pa. 

BECKER, ISAIAH K Pittsburgh, Pa. 

BLACK, AMOS A Cherryvale, Kan. 

BLACK, ELLET F Pitcairn, Pa. 

BRASHEAR, A. R Waterford, Pa. 

BROWN, JOHN U Marion, Ind. 

[101] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




ENGAGEMENTS. EAST FACE OF MONUMENT IN EAST PARK. 
PITTSBURGH. (North Side) PA. 

[102] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

BRUNER, THOMAS Trestle, Pa. 

BULLOCK, CHARLES B Pittsburgh, Pa. 

BUZZARD, JOHN Moundsville, W. Va. 

BYARD, JOHN F McKeesport, Pa. 

CAMPBELL, ROBERT Bothell, Wash. 

CARGO, HUGH A Sheffield, Pa. 

CARLISLE, BENJAMIN M Pittsburgh, Pa. 

CLARK, ALEXANDER J Dayton, Ohio 

CLARK, BENJAMIN M Pittsburgh, Pa. 

CLARK, WILLIAM Pittsburgh, Pa. 

CRAWFORD, JOSEPH Pittsburgh, Pa. 

CROFUT, HORACE S Dayton, Ohio 

DALMAS, WILLIAM W San Francisco, Cal. 

DALZELL, WILLIAM Charleroi, Pa. 

DEAN, GEORGE W West Bridgewater, Pa. 

DOWNEY, WILLIAM Pittsburgh, Pa. 

ECKERT, CHARLES Pittsburgh, Pa. 

FIFE, ROBERT Pittsburgh, Pa. 

GlLLESPIE, ROBERT M Bakersfield, Cal. 

HAZLETT, GEORGE W Aspinwall, Pa. 

HALSTEAD, HENRY Saxonburg, Pa. 

HAZLETT, SAMUEL A Bakerstown, Pa. 

HEBERTON, GEORGE Pittsburgh, Pa. 

HEMPLE, HENRY Pittsburgh, Pa. 

HOLMAN, MATTHEW H Pittsburgh, Pa. 

INGRAM, MILO E Butler, Pa. 

KENNING, JOHN Bellevue, Pa. 

KOCHER, JACOB Pittsburgh, Pa. 

KRAPP, GEORGE Pittsburgh, Pa. 

KROME, FRANK Pittsburgh, Pa. 

LAND, GEORGE W Oakdale, Pa. 

[103] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

LEWIS, DAVID R Pittsburgh, Pa. 

MACOUBRAY, ROBERT E McKees Rocks, Pa. 

MANCHESTER, WILLIAM Danville, 111. 

MARSHALL, GEORGE V Pittsburgh, Pa. 

McCAULEY, CORNELIUS Leechburg, Pa. 

MCCLELLAND, JOHN B Pittsburgh, Pa. 

MCKNIGHT, ROBERT Bakerstown, Pa. 

MERRICK, FRANK A New Brighton, Pa. 

MILLER, JAMES P Tarentum, Pa. 

NEWMAN, WILLIAM A Not known. 

PARKE, BENJAMIN R Wellsville, Ohio 

PETERS, JAMES Latrobe, Pa. 

PETERS, ROBERT S Limestone, W. Va. 

PETRIE, AMOS S Long Beach, Cal. 

RODGERS, JOHN S Punxsutawney, Pa. 

ROSENSTEEL, JACOB S Niles, Ohio 

ROWLEY, JOHN T Cleveland, Ohio 

SHIRAS, FRANK Los Angeles, Cal. 

STEWART, MILO B Pittsburgh, Pa. 

STOEHR, CHARLES Kelso, Wash. 

TAYLOR, JOSEPH S Elizabeth, Pa. 

UPTEGRAFT, WILLIAM Charleroi, Pa. 

VANZANT, JAMES Lewistown, Pa. 

VENTRESS, GEORGE Pittsburgh, Pa. 

WEYMAN, B. FRANK Pittsburgh, Pa. 

WICKLINE, DAVID M Peoria, 111. 

WlCKLINE, JAMES M Dayton, Ohio 

WICKLINE, MARION Beaver Falls, Pa. 

WILLS, JACOB G Gibsonia, Pa. 

WYANT, HENRY Dorseyville, Pa. 

YOUNG, HENRY Pitcairn, Pa. 

[104] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 
ASSIGNMENTS. 

April 1, 1862. To the Fifth Corps, Army of the Upper 
Potomac, Major General Nathaniel P. Banks Commanding, 
Williams Division. 

May 31, 1 862. Department of the Shenandoah, General 
Nathaniel P. Banks Commanding. 

August 1 6, 1 862. First Army Corps, Major General Franz 
Sigel Commanding. 

September 14, 1862. Twelfth Corps, Major General J. K. 

F. Mansfield Commanding. 

December 31,1 862. Twelfth Corps, Major General Henry 
W. Slocum Commanding. 

May 12, 1863. Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, 
General R. O. Tyler Commanding. 

November 20, 1 863. Second Army Corps, Major General 

G. K. Warren Commanding. 

May 22, 1 864. Twenty-second Army Corps, Major 
General C. C. Auger Commanding. 

July 31,1 864. Department of West Virginia, Major Gen 
eral David Hunter Commanding. 

August 30, 1 864. Twenty-second Army Corps, Major Gen 
eral C. C. Auger Commanding. 

October 31, 1864. District of Harpers Ferry, Major Gen 
eral Philip Sheridan Commanding. 

February 28, 1865. Department of Washington, D. C., 
Major General C. C. Auger Commanding. 

[105] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 



Up to and including the Second Battle of Bull Run the 
Hampton Battery was under fire sixty-two times, and traveled 
over eight thousand miles during the service. The following is a 
list of the most important battles in which it took part : 



Dam No. 5 

Kerntown 

Woodstock 

Mount Jackson 

McGaugheysville 

Second Newtown 

Luray 

Cedar Mountain 

White Sulphur Springs 

Chantilly 

Charlestown 

Winchester 

Gettysburg 

White Hall Church 

Hancock 

Newtown 

Edinburgh 

Lacy s Springs 

Fisher s Hill 

Cedar Creek 



Games Cross Roads 

Waterloo 

Rappahannock Station 

South Mountain 

Berryville 

Chancellorsville 

Blackburn s Ford 

Second Cedar Creek 

Stony Creek 

Harrisonburg 

Strasburg 

Second Winchester 

Front Royal 

Freeman s Ford 

Second Bull Run 

Antietam 

Opequan 

United States Ford 

Mine Run 

Morton s Ford 



[106] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

ANNUAL MEETS. 
HAMPTON BATTERY VETERAN ASSOCIATION. 




ARLY IN 1881 it occurred to some of the members of 
the Hampton Battery that an annual reunion of the 
survivors would be a very enjoyable affair, and a 
number of the members met in Pittsburgh on January 26, 1881, to 
discuss the subject. Here it was unanimously agreed to organize 
permanently for the purpose of holding annual meetings. The 
Association has met annually since that time, and the reunions have 
proved very enjoyable to all. 

The Association also holds memorial services every Memorial 
Day at the Hampton Battery Monument, East Park, North Side, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. Addresses are made by members of the Battery, 
after which they go to the various cemeteries of Pittsburgh and 
place wreaths on the graves of their deceased comrades. 

The following extracts from the minutes give the names of 
the officers of the Association since its organization, together with 
some other information in regard to it. 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., January 26, 1881. 

" At a meeting of some of the surviving members of the Hamp 
ton Battery, held at the store of Comrade Isaiah K. Becker, corner 
of Penn Avenue and Seventh Street, the following persons were 
present: I. K. Becker, Joseph Crawford, Thomas Bruner, John 
H. Cunningham, William Clark, Casper R. Carlisle, Frank A. 
Merrick, William King, Robert E. Macoubray, Amos S. Petrie, 
James Peters, Jacob G. Wills, and John C. Shaler, Jr. 

" On motion, Robert E. Macoubray was called to the chair, 

[107] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




[108] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

and John C. Shaler, Jr., was appointed to act as Secretary and 
William King as Treasurer. 

" On motion of William King, duly seconded, the members 
present decided unanimously to organize permanently. 

* The officers already appointed, with the addition of I. K. 
Becker, as Vice President, were elected to serve for the current 
year ending October 8, 1881." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 8, 1881. 

* The Twentieth Anniversary and First Reunion of the surviv 
ing members of the Hampton Battery F, Independent Pennsylvania 
Light Artillery, was held this evening in Municipal Hall, Smithfield 
Street, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

" President Robert E. Macoubray stated that the object of 
this meeting is to continue the organization effected January 26, 
1881, and to arrange for annual reunions, of which this was the 
initial gathering. 

* The following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 
Robert Paul, President; William Clark, Vice President; John C. 
Shaler, Jr., Secretary; and William King, Treasurer. 

* Thirty-three members of the Battery were present. William 
Parker and Henry Brown, colored wards of the Battery during the 
war, were also present, and answered to their names. 

* We then adjourned to Grazier s Dining Rooms, where an 
excellent supper was served, after which the balance of the evening 
was spent in telling stories and singing songs." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 7, 1882. 

4 The Twenty-first Anniversary and Second Reunion of the 
Hampton Battery was held this evening at Municipal Hall, with 
President Paul in the chair. There were forty-five members 
present. 

[109] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

" On motion, Captain James Thompson, of Thompson s Bat 
tery, was unanimously elected an honorary member of the 
Association. 

" Comrade William Clark stated to the meeting that the grave 
of Captain Robert B. Hampton in Allegheny Cemetery was with 
out a monument or mark of any kind, and that on his individual 
responsibility he had undertaken to raise funds sufficient to erect a 
headstone at the grave. He had met with success sufficient to jus 
tify the undertaking and had ordered a suitable stone, toward the 
payment of which he invited any comrade who might feel able to 
contribute. The cost of the stone was $250. Cash and sub 
scriptions were secured tonight which, added to the cash already 
secured, made up the amount. 

* The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
Samuel D. Glass, President; John T. Rowley, Vice President; 
John C. Shaler, Jr., Secretary; and William King, Treasurer. 

* An association badge, consisting of the star of the Twelfth 
Corps and a pendant trefoil of the Second Corps, was adopted. 

* We then adjourned to Grazier s Dining Rooms for supper. 

T 

1 aps. 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 2, 1883. 

" The Third Annual Reunion and Twenty-second Anniver 
sary was held this evening at the offices of Comrade William F. 
Hood, 98 and 100 Fourth Avenue. Fifty-one members were 
present, and Vice President John T. Rowley was in the chair. 

" William Clark reported that the headstone at Captain 
Hampton s grave had been erected and paid for. 

" On motion of Comrade L. Halsey Williams, it was resolved 
that we erect a tablet on the Battlefield of Gettysburg locating the 
position of the Hampton Battery on July 3, 1863. The President 

[HO] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

appointed the following Committee to carry out the project : Robert 
Paul, J. Presley Fleming, L. Halsey Williams, B. Frank Weyman, 
William Clark, John B. McClelland, John T. Rowley, John C. 
Shaler, Jr., and George V. Marshall. 

* The following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 
John T. Rowley, President; George V. Marshall, Vice President; 
William King, Treasurer; and John C. Shaler, Jr., Secretary. 

We then adjourned to the St. Charles Hotel, where a 
sumptuous banquet was served. Taps." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 6, 1884. 

* The Fourth Annual Reunion and Twenty-third Anniver 
sary was held this day at 64 Grant Street. President John 
T. Rowley being absent, Vice President George V. Marshall took 
the chair. Twenty-five members were present. 

* The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
William Clark, President; James Peters, Vice President; William 
King, Treasurer; and John C. Shaler, Jr., Secretary. 

" Adjourned until 7 : 1 5 P. M. 

** Convened at 7:15 P. M., with President John T. Rowley in 
the chair. Nine members, in addition to those present this morning, 
were in attendance. 

4 We then adjourned to Youngson s Dining Rooms and par 
took of our annual supper." 

"Pittsburgh, Pa., October 6, 1885. 

* The Fifth Annual Reunion and Twenty-fourth Anniver 
sary was held this evening in the Hampton Law Building, 408 Grant 
Street, with President William Clark in the chair. Thirty-seven 
members were present. 

* The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as fol- 

[in] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

lows: President, James Peters; Vice President, John B. McClel 
land; Treasurer, William King; Secretary, John C. Shaler, Jr. 

" Mr. George V. Marshall was named Chairman of a com 
mittee to be appointed by himself to arrange for next year s reunion. 

* Votes of thanks were extended to Robert S. and Wade 
Hampton, of Titusville, Pa., for the loan of Captain Hampton s 
sabers for this reunion. Interesting mementoes, in addition to Cap 
tain Hampton s sabers and including a metal facsimile of the bronze 
tablet for the monument at Gettysburg, were exhibited. 

" After some stories of the camp and march, we adjourned 
and proceeded to Youngson s Dining Rooms for our annual supper. 

np 

laps. 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 5, 1886. 

* The Sixth Annual Reunion and Twenty-fifth Anniversary 
was held this evening at 408 Grant Street, with President James 
Peters in the chair and thirty-four members present. 

* The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as fol 
lows: President, John B. McClelland; Vice President, James 
Thompson; Treasurer, William King; and Secretary, John C. 
Shaler, Jr. Mr. George V. Marshall was named Chairman of 
a committee to be appointed by himself to arrange for next year s 
reunion. 

" A vote of thanks was extended to George V. Marshall for 
the fine photographs he exhibited of the monuments at Gettysburg, 
in Allegheny Park and in the Allegheny Cemetery. 

" On motion, we then adjourned to the Petroleum Exchange 
for our annual supper. Taps." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 4, 1887. 

" The Seventh Annual Reunion and Twenty-sixth Anniver 
sary was held this evening at 408 Grant Street. The President, 

[112] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

John B. McClelland, and the Vice President, James Thompson, 
being absent, William Clark was called to the chair. Thirty-eight 
members were present. 

" Captain James McGill, of Knap s Battery, who was pres 
ent, was on motion elected an honorary member of the Association. 

* The Committee to secure a life-sized portrait of Captain 
Hampton presented a crayon portrait of him. 

* The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
Isaiah K. Becker, President; David Lewis, Vice President; Henry 
Hemple, Treasurer; and John C. Shaler, Jr., Secretary. Com 
rade George V. Marshall was named Chairman of a committee 
to be appointed by himself to arrange for next year s reunion. 

" Adjourned to the Petroleum Exchange for our annual sup- 

nr 
per. 1 aps. 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., September 26, 1888. 

* The Eighth Annual Reunion and Twenty-seventh Anniver 
sary was held this evening in the Hampton Law Building, 408 
Grant Street, with President Isaiah K. Becker in the chair and forty 
members present. 

" James Stephenson, late Lieutenant in Thompson s Battery, 
who was present, was, on motion, elected an honorary member of the 
Association. 

" Officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows: David 
Lewis, President; John Kenning, Vice President; Henry Hem- 
pie, Treasurer; and John C. Shaler, Jr., Secretary. George V. 
Marshall was named Chairman of a committee to be appointed 
by himself to arrange for the next reunion. 

" On motion of Robert E. Macoubray, the thanks of the 
Association were tendered to Captain James Thompson for his 

[113] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

efforts to secure for Casper R. Carlisle a medal for special bravery 
at the Battle of Gettysburg. 

" Adjourned to Goodwin s Dining Rooms for our annual 
supper. Taps." 

"September 11. 1889. 

" A special meeting of the Association was held at the Battery 
Monument on the Gettysburg Battlefield on September 11,1 889. 
The following members were present: Townsend Adams, L. F. 
Arensberg, James Bassett, Amos Baxter, I. K. Becker, C. B. Bul 
lock, Benjamin Carlisle, C. R. Carlisle, Alonzo Cavitt, Benjamin 
Clark, William Clark, Samuel Creese, M. H. Holman, John 
Kenning, Frank Krome, D. Lewis, William Manchester, George 
V. Marshall, Frank Merrick, E. J. Miller, Robert Paul, James 
Peters, A. S. Petrie, John C. Shaler, Jr., Milton Sloppy, John 
Tetley, James Thompson, James Vanzant, E. J. Wickline, J. M. 
Wickline, Jacob Wills, Andrew Wright, and Henry Brown, 
colored. Total thirty-three. 

" Comrade Marshall took a picture of the monument with the 
members of the Association grouped around it, after which we ad 
journed, and the members went to the Peach Orchard to select a 
site for the monument to be erected by the State appropriation." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 1, 1889. 

* The Ninth Annual Reunion and Twenty-eighth Anniver 
sary was held in the Hampton Law Building, 408 Grant Street, 
this evening, with President David R. Lewis in the chair. Twenty- 
seven members were present. 

" Robert S. Hampton, a nephew of our late Captain, was 
present, and on motion was unanimously elected an honorary mem 
ber of the Association. 

" Officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows : John 

[114] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Kenning, President; Frank A. Merrick, Vice President; Henry 
Hemple, Treasurer; and John C. Shaler, Jr., Secretary. George 
V. Marshall was named Chairman of a commitee to be appointed 
by himself to arrange for the next meeting. 

" Reverend David Jones being present was unanimously elected 
an honorary member of the Association. 

" After all business was transacted, we marched to Goodwin s 
Restaurant, where the annual supper was served. Taps." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 4, 1890. 

* The Tenth Annual Reunion and Twenty-ninth Anniversary 
was held this evening in the Law Office of A. H. Rowand, 408 
Grant Street, with President John Kenning in the chair and twenty- 
nine members present. 

* The Committee on the Monument to be placed in the Peach 
Orchard at Gettysburg reported that the design adopted would cost 
about $500 more than the State appropriation, and asked for sub 
scriptions to make up the amount. About half the amount was raised 
at once. 

" Officers for the ensuing year were elected as follows: Frank 
A. Merrick, President; E. J. Wilkins, Vice President; Henry Hem- 
pie, Treasurer; and John C. Shaler, Jr., Secretary. George V. 
Marshall was reappointed as Chairman of the Reunion Committee. 

* The following record on the death of Henry Brown was 
ordered to be placed on the minutes: 

* Henry Brown was a slave prior to the War of the Rebellion, 
his owner and master residing on a plantation in the Shenandoah 
Valley. Henry escaped into the Union lines early in the war; dur 
ing General Banks operations, became a camp follower of the 
Hampton Battery and was employed to cook and take care of the 
officers horses. He remained with the Battery until mustered out 

[115] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

of the service in June, 1865. He was married and made his home 
in Pittsburgh. Henry s former owner was in the Confederate Army, 
and happened to be serving with that army in the Shenandoah Val 
ley. In one of the battles near Bunker Hill and in the vicinity of 
his own home he was wounded and left on the field. Henry found 
him, and aided by his knowledge of the country and actuated by 
motives of good will removed him to a place of safety, from which 
he was enabled to escape and reach his home. He eventually 
recovered from his wounds. This man died several years after the 
war and in acknowledgment of Henry s act deeded him a farm. 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 8, 1 891 . 

* The Eleventh Annual Reunion and Thirtieth Anniversary 
was held this evening at the Hampton Law Building, 408 Grant 
Street, with President Frank A. Merrick in the chair and twenty- 
three members present. 

" Comrade George V. Marshall, Chairman of the Committee 
on the State Monument in the Peach Orchard, reported that the 
monument had been finished and erected in its position. 

* The following letter was read from Battery B, Second 
Brigade, N. G. P., asking to be allowed to adopt the name 
" Hampton " : 

* Headquarters, Battery B, 

Pittsburgh, Pa., September 28, 1891. 
* To the Members of the Hampton Battery Association. 
* Gentlemen : 

The officers and members of Battery * B send you greeting 
upon your anniversary, and assure you that the present artillery 
guard organization of the city has a high regard and esteem for the 
Association, and is proud of the record of Hampton Battery in 
the late war. 

[116] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

* It is with these feelings that we respectfully and unanimously 
make the following request on your Association: 

* That you would allow the name of " Hampton Battery " to 
be taken up by the present light artillery organization located in the 
western part of the State of Pennsylvania and assigned to the 
Second Brigade of the National Guard. 

* You are probably aware that the official designation of our 
company is "Battery B, " of the Second Brigade; and that the 
name cannot be changed. At the same time, in all unofficial corre 
spondence, and in the name by which the organization is called 
among our fellow citizens, we should be proud to have the heritage 
of the Hampton Battery as connected with our company; and I 
believe it will add to the esprit de corps of the organization, and I 
trust would be a further incentive to duty, should our Battery ever 
be called into service, to carry out the proud record which the old 
Hampton Battery has made for itself. 

* Further, the membership of the Hampton Battery Association, 
we will very gladly carry upon the rolls of the Battery as honorary 
members, sending you all copies of our Battery orders in the same 
way that they are sent to the active members, inviting you to be 
present at any or all times at our drills in the Armory, the annual 
and semi-annual inspections, the annual encampments, and such 
other times as it would be of interest to your members to be with us. 

* Assuring you that should your organization entrust us with the 
name of the " Hampton Battery," we shall consider it a very great 
honor, and shall endeavor to earn your good will and comradeship 
in the future, I remain, 

Very respectfully, 
ALFRED E. HUNT, 

Captain, Commanding Battery B, N. G. P., 
For the Officers and Men of Battery B. 

[117] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

* On motion of R. E. Macoubray, the request was granted and 
the following letter ordered to be sent to Battery B : 

Headquarters, Hampton Battery Association, 

Pittsburgh, Pa., October 9, 1891. 
ALFRED E. HUNT, 

Captain Commanding Battery B, N. G. P. 
Dear Sir: 

Your letter of September 28th, to this Association, requesting 
that Battery " B " be allowed to adopt the name " Hampton Bat 
tery," was considered at the annual meeting last night, and was 
unanimously agreed to. 

A Committee to arrange the details of this matter will confer 
with you at as early a date as possible, ample notice of which will be 
given you or representatives of Battery " B." 

Yours respectfully, 

JOHN C. SHALER, JR., 

Secretary, Hampton Battery Association. 

* Officers were elected for the ensuing year as follows : E. J. 
Wilkins, President; Amos S. Petrie, Vice President; Henry Hem- 
pie, Treasurer; John C. Shaler, Jr., Secretary. 

" After the regular routine business, we marched to Goodwin s 
Restaurant and had our usual supper." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 21, 1892. 

The Twelfth Annual Reunion and Thirty-first Anniversary 
was held this evening, Columbus Day, at the Armory of Hampton 
Battery * B Fifth Avenue Market House, with President E. J. 
Wilkins in the chair and twenty-seven members present. 

The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as fol 
lows: President, Amos S. Petrie; Vice President, Alfred E. Hunt, 

[118] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

of Battery B; Treasurer, Henry Hemple; and Secretary, John 
C. Shaler, Jr. 

" On account of the National Encampment of the G. A. R. 
to be held here it was deemed advisable not to hold a reunion next 
year, 1893. 

" After the routine business was disposed of, we adjourned to 
an adjoining room where supper was served." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., September 11, 1894. 
* The Thirteenth Annual Reunion and Thirty-third Anniver 
sary was held at the residence of Comrade Robert Paul, 5323 Penn 
Avenue, by special invitation. President Petrie was in the chair and 
there were fifty-four members of Battery * F and ten members of 
Battery * B present. 

" Before the business meeting a sumptuous repast was served by 
Mrs. Paul, and the comrades certainly did it justice. 

The Committee on the Carlisle Medal reported that the War 
Department had granted said medal about one year ago, and it was 
exhibited by the Secretary. The inscription reads as follows : * The 
Congress to Casper R. Carlisle, of Battery * F, Independent Penn 
sylvania Light Artillery, for special bravery at the Battle of Gettys 
burg, Pa., July 3, 1863/ 

" On the call for the election of officers, it was resolved that 
the present officers be continued for another year, and on motion 
the additional office of Quartermaster was created, which officer 
was to have charge of the reunions. George V. Marshall was unani 
mously elected to this position. 

" Dr. J. L. Dunn, who was present, was unanimously elected 
an honorary member of the Association. Dr. Dunn was Division 
Surgeon to the Second Division of the Twelfth Corps, to which the 
Hampton Battery was attached during the winter of 1862-1863, 

[119] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 

and after Captain Hampton received his mortal wound at the Battle 
of Chancellorsville, gave him all the attention possible. 

" On motion of William Clark a vote of thanks was extended 
to Comrade and Mrs. Paul for the splendid hospitality extended to 
the Association on this occasion. 

" On motion of R. E. Macoubray a vote of thanks was 
tendered to Captain A. E. Hunt, of Hampton Battery * B/ for 
hospitality and general courtesy extended to the members of the 
Association who were guests of the Battery during the late encamp 
ment at Gettysburg. * 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., January 30, 1897. 

" A Special Meeting of the Hampton Battery Veteran Asso 
ciation was held this evening in the offices of Marshall Brothers, 
Diamond Street. 

* The following letter was directed to be sent to Mrs. Nellie 
B. Shaler, widow of our Secretary, John C. Shaler, Jr., born 1843,. 
died 1 897, and the same to be entered on our minutes. 

Headquarters, Hampton Battery * F and B, 
Veteran Association, Pennsylvania Light Artillery. 

* Mrs. Nellie B. Shaler, 
* Dear Madam : 

* We wish to express to you the sense of loss we feel as com 
rades of this Association in the removal of our friend, John C. 
Shaler, Jr. 

* Judge/ as we more familiarly knew him, was one of the 
Battery in the war, and exerted an influence for good among the 
boys when home restraints were relieved. His manly conduct, with 
its unconscious influences, won for him their grateful acknowledg 
ment in the endearing title of * Judge/ Through all the changing 
scenes of war and subsequent peace, we shall always remember his 

[120] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

arduous and unselfish labor as Secretary of our Association and his 
genial warmheartedness at our annual reunions. 

* We send this broken expression of our sympathy and appreci 
ation and admiration of the noble qualities of our dear comrade, 
* Judge/ 

GEORGE V. MARSHALL, 
ALFRED E. HUNT, 
For Hampton Battery Veteran Association. 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 1, 1898. 

The Fourteenth Annual Reunion and Thirty-seventh Anni 
versary was held this evening in the Builders* Exchange, 409 
Market Street, with President Amos S. Petrie in the chair. 
William Clark was appointed to act as Secretary. There were 
twenty-four members present. 

" Comrade James Peters offered the following resolution, 
which was unanimously adopted : 

* Resolved, that as Hampton Battery B, United States Volun 
teers, is to be mustered out of the United States service on November 
1 7, 1 898, after honorable service through the entire Spanish-Ameri 
can War, they shall be and are hereby incorporated with their entire 
membership into the Hampton Battery Veteran Association, their 
members becoming thereby associated with the original members of 
Hampton Battery " F," Independent Pennsylvania Light Artillery, 
and subject to all rules and regulations of the Association and eligi 
ble to vote and hold office in the Association. 

"On motion, Colonel Samuel W. Hill, W. C. Wallace, 
M. D., and Thomas J. Hamilton were elected honorary members of 
the Association. 

" On motion of James Stephenson, a vote of thanks was 
tendered to Samuel W. Hill, George V. Marshall, H. D. W. 

[121] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

English, Matthew Preston, Alfred E. Hunt, and W. H. H. Was- 
son, the Committee of the Hampton Battery Relief Association, for 
their very efficient work on the return of Hampton Battery B 
from Puerto Rico. 

" On motion, George V. Marshall and William Clark were 
appointed a committee to secure a suitable testimonial for Mrs. 
Robert Paul, for her kindness in giving us the use of her house and 
for the very elegant banquet furnished at our last reunion held 
September 11, 1894. 

* The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as fol 
lows: President, Alfred E. Hunt; Vice President, John B. 
McClelland, M. D. ; Treasurer, Henry Hemple; Secretary, 
William Clark ; Assistant Secretary, William T. Rees ; and Quarter 
master, George V. Marshall. 

" On motion, adjourned and marched down stairs to Dimling s 
Dining Room, where an excellent repast was served." 

"Pittsburgh, Pa., October 10, 1899. 

* The Fifteenth Annual Reunion and Thirty-eighth Anniver 
sary was held this evening. In the absence of the President and 
Vice President, William Clark, Secretary, called the meeting to 
order. There were twenty-four members of Battery * F and sixty- 
one members of Battery * B present. 

* The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
President, Dr. E. J. Miller; Vice President, A. J. Hesser; Sec 
retary, William Clark; Assistant Secretary, William T. Rees; 
Treasurer, Henry Hemple; and Quartermaster, George V. Mar- 
shall. 

* The Committee on a Testimonial for Mrs. Robert Paul 
reported that they had procured a miniature solid gold badge similar 
to the metal badge of the Association, a five-pointed star with trefoil 

[122] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

pendant, and called upon and presented it to her with the following; 
address : 

Dear Mrs. Paul: 

At a meeting of the Hampton Battery Veteran Association 
held October 1 , 1 898, the following resolution was unanimously 
adopted : 

Resolved, that George V. Marshall and William Clark be 
a committee to procure and present a suitable testimonial to Mrs. 
Robert Paul for her kindness in giving us the use of her home for 
our last reunion, September 11,1 894, and for the elegant banquet 
furnished upon that occasion." 

We have the honor to be entrusted with this very pleasant 
duty, and on behalf and for the Association we hand you this token 
of our esteem and kind regards. 

GEORGE V. MARSHALL, 
WILLIAM CLARK, 

Committee. 

"Pittsburgh, Pa., October 13, 1900. 

The Sixteenth Annual Reunion and Thirty-ninth Anniver 
sary was held in the Builders Exchange, Market Street, this evening. 
Assistant Secretary William T. Rees called the meeting to order, 
and in the absence of the President, Comrade James Peters was ap 
pointed President pro tern. The roll call showed seventy-one mem 
bers present. 

The following officers were unanimously elected for the 
ensuing year: President, Dr. A. J. Hesser; Vice President, Dr. B. 
Rush Park ; Secretary, William Clark ; Assistant Secretary, William 
T. Rees; Treasurer, Henry Hemple; and Quartermaster, George 
V. Marshall. 

[123] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

" On motion, the officers were authorized to draw on the 
treasury to pay for a floral tribute at the death of every member. 

" After several short addresses, we adjourned to Dimling s 
Dining Rooms for supper." 

"Pittsburgh, Pa., October 12, 1901. 

* The Seventeenth Annual Reunion and Fortieth Anniversary 
was held this evening, with President A. J. Hesser presiding. 

* The following officers were elected by acclamation : Presi 
dent, Dr. B. Rush Park; Vice President, Harry Lydick; Secretary, 
William Clark; Assistant Secretary, William T. Rees; Treasurer* 
Henry Hemple; and Quartermaster, George V. Marshall. 

* The History Committee reported progress. 

" After speeches we adjourned to Dimling s for supper." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 11, 1902. 

The Eighteenth Annual Reunion and Forty-first Anniversary 
was held this evening with President B. Rush Park in the chair. 
Forty-two members were present. 

It was announced that the following comrades, all of Battery 
F, had died during the year: Thomas C. Bushnell, John H. Cun 
ningham, James Bassett, John G. Beatty, Jacob Steiner, and Dr. 
Edward J. Miller. 

" All the officers of the preceding year were unanimously 
re-elected. 

" After several short speeches we adjourned to Dimling s for 
supper." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 3, 1903. 

The Nineteenth Annual Reunion and Forty-second Anni 
versary was held today in the Builders Exchange, Market Street. 
In the absence of the President, Secretary William Clark called the 

[124] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

meeting to order and on motion, Comrade David Lewis was ap 
pointed President pro tern. 

" On motion, duly made and seconded, the Secretary, William 
Clark, was appointed Historian, with power to appoint three 
assistants. 

* The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
President, Harry S. Lydick; Vice President, H. W. Alexander; 
Secretary, William Clark; Assistant Secretary, William T. Rees; 
Treasurer, Henry Hemple; and Quartermaster, George V. Mar 
shall. 

" On motion, John Dimling was elected an honorary member 
of the Association. 

" After a few brief remarks we adjourned to Dimling s for 
supper/ 

44 Pittsburgh, Pa., October 8, 1904. 

* The Twentieth Annual Reunion and Forty-third Anniver 
sary was held this evening in the Builders Exchange, Market Street, 
with President Harry S. Lydick in the chair. Fifty-one members 
were present. 

* The Committee on the History of the Battery reported 
progress. 

* The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: H. 
W. Alexander, President; D. B. Sullivan, Vice President; William 
Clark, Secretary ; W. T. Rees, Assistant Secretary ; Henry Hemple, 
Treasurer; and George V. Marshall, Quartermaster. 

" On motion, a committee consisting of Robert E. Macoubray, 
James Peters, and C. C. Arensberg, was appointed to petition the 
Legislature for an appropriation to place markers on the Battlefields 
of Chancellorsville and Antietam, on the positions occupied by the 
Battery. 

[125] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

" After a few remarks by the members, we adjourned to 
Dimling s for supper.* 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 7, 1905. 

* The Twenty-first Annual Reunion and Forty-fourth Anni 
versary was held in the Builders Exchange, Market Street, with 
Vice President D. B. Sullivan in the chair and fifty-five members 
present. 

The following members were unanimously elected officers 
for the ensuing year: President, D. B. Sullivan; Vice President, 
Jacob Wills; Secretaries, William Clark and William T. Rees; 
Treasurer, Henry Hemple; and Quartermaster, George V. 
Marshall. 

" Adjourned to Dimling s for supper." 

"Pittsburgh, Pa., October 8, 1906. 

The Twenty-second Annual Reunion and Forty-fifth Anni 
versary was held this evening in Curry College, Market Street, with 
President D. B. Sullivan in the chair and sixty-one members present. 

The Committee on Markers reported, and on motion was 
continued with the following additional members: George V. 
Marshall, Harry S. Lydick, and D. B. Sullivan. 

The following officers were unanimously elected : President, 
Jacob Wills; Vice President, Thomas J. Stewart; Secretary, 
William Clark; Assistant Secretary, William T. Rees; Treasurer, 
Henry Hemple; and Quartermaster, George V. Marshall. 

" After a few stories and short speeches, Quartermaster Mar 
shall led the way down stairs to supper. Taps." 

" Pittsburgh, Pa., October 9, 1907. 

The Twenty-third Annual Reunion and Forty-sixth Anni 
versary was held this evening, with President Jacob Wills in the 
chair and sixty-one members present. 

[126] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

" Comrade Burry was reported as having died since our last 
meeting. 

" Colonel R. H. Fitzhugh, Chief of Artillery of the First 
Division of the Twelfth Corps, was made an honorary member of 
the Association. 

"Officers were elected as follows: President, Thomas J. 
Stewart; Vice President, John T. Rowley; Secretary, William 
Clark; Assistant Secretary, William T. Rees; Treasurer, Henry 
Hemple; and Quartermaster, George V. Marshall. 

* We then adjourned to Dimling s for supper." 

"Pittsburgh, Pa., October 10, 1908. 

The Twenty-fourth Annual Reunion and Forty-seventh 
Anniversary was held at Curry Institute, 409 Market Street, this 
evening, with President Thomas J. Stewart in the chair, and forty 
members present. 

" The deaths of E. J. Wilkins, of Battery F, and Melvin B. 
Ash, of Battery B, during the past year, were announced. 

The Committee on Markers at Chancellorsville and Antie- 
tam reported progress. 

* The Committee on History reported progress and stated that 
the history was about compiled and ready for revising, and all that 
was needed now to complete the work was the money, and all 
members were requested to forward their subscriptions at once. 

* On motion, duly made and seconded, the Treasurer was in 
structed to turn over to the Committee on History the balance he 
held in the treasury, amounting to $247. 

" On motion, Captain William T. Rees was designated as a 
Committee from Battery B to compile a history of said Battery for 
the purpose of incorporating it in the History of Battery F. 

[127] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

The following officers were elected for the ensuing year: 
President, John T. Rowley; Vice President, C. R. Henderson; all 
the other officers were re-elected. 

* We then adjourned to Dimling s for supper." 

HONORARY MEMBERS OF THE ASSOCIATION. 

ROBERT S. HAMPTON THOMAS J. HAMILTON 

WADE HAMPTON JAMES THOMPSON * 

W. T. DUNN * JOHN DIMLING 

JAMES D. MAGILL JAMES STEPHENSON * 

R. H. FITZHUGH DAVID JONES 

S. W. HILL W. C. WALLACE, M. D. 
ARCH. H. ROWAND, JR. . 

* Deceased. 



[128] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 



CAPTAIN ROBERT B. HAMPTON. 

APTAIN ROBERT B. HAMPTON was born at 
Rock Hill, Fauquier County, Virginia, November 19, 
1814. After the death of his parents, at an early age, 
he made his home with a maiden aunt, Miss Kittie Shacklett, at her 
farm known as Yew Hill, situated near Warrenton. 

While still a lad he followed his brother Wade to Pennsyl 
vania, residing with him in Pittsburgh for a time. Later he engaged 
in the Commission Produce Business in Philadelphia, being a 
partner in the firm of Love, Martin & Company. In April, 1 849, 
he retired from the firm and in the latter part of that month sailed 
for San Francisco. Captain Hampton resided in California for 
about ten years, carrying on his business as a merchant. He was 
also interested in mining. He took an active part in political and 
military affairs in California and was, in 1 85 1 , appointed one of the 
seven members of the " State Central Committee " by the Whig 
State Convention of California. This Committee, it appears from 
correspondence between Millard Fillmore and Captain Hampton, 
had immediate charge of Whig affairs in the Presidential Campaign 
of 1852. The turbulent and lawless element in San Francisco in 
the early days of the gold excitement was held in check only by 
severe and drastic measures, and the better classes of citizens found 
it necessary to regulate matters through- military organizations and 
vigilance committees. Captain Hampton took a prominent part in 
these public affairs and was an officer of the First California Guard 
and a potent influence in the preservation of order. 

Early in 1860, Captain Hampton returned to Pennsylvania, 
coming to Pittsburgh. At this time the petroleum trade was 
attracting general attention, and he became interested, spending 

[129] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




ROBERT B. HAMPTON. 

much of his time in the oil regions with headquarters at Franklin, 
Pennsylvania, and it was while he was there that war broke out, 
and he determined to organize a battery and join the army. A 
commission was issued by Governor Curtin, dated November 9, 
1861, to " R. B. Hampton, of Allegheny County, Pa., as Captain 
of Hampton s Light Artillery Company, said commission to hold 
from October 7, 1861." From that time forward until he fell at 
Chancellorsville, Captain Hampton s life was devoted to the Bat 
tery. He was a born commander and with the fortitude of a soldier 
possessed the chivalric nature of an honorable gentleman, and held 
the men of his battery in high esteem and almost paternal regard. 
He never married and his home was that of his brother, Wade, in 
Pittsburgh. He was greatly beloved and admired by his relatives 
for his kindness, cheerfulness and generosity. 

[130] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

On March 24, 1863, Captain Hampton wrote home from 
camp near Aquia Creek, Virginia, as follows: "We had a jolly 
time in camp yesterday by the (my) company presenting their Cap 
tain with a splendid sword. We had patriotic speeches, etc., from 
General Geary and others. Of course I felt very much compli 
mented." This sword he sent home " to keep for me until the war is 
over." It is a treasured possession of Captain Hampton s nephew, 
Robert S. Hampton, of Titusville, Pa. The following inscription 
is engraved upon the scabbard of the sword : 

" Presented to 

Captain R. B. Hampton by 
the members of his Battery 
as a token of their regard. 

Middletown. Fought May 24, 1 862. 
Winchester. Fought May 25, 1862. 
Rappahannock. Fought August 22, 1862. 
White Sulphur Springs. Fought August 24, 1 862. 
Bull Run. Fought August 29 and 30, 1862. 
Antietam. Fought September 17, 1862." 

Again Captain Hampton wrote home, April 7, 1 863 : " I 
should like to get a furlough to go and see you all, but we may be 
ordered onward soon and I shall not anticipate such a pleasure until 
some decisive battle, which will certainly ensue before the first of 
May, and I wish to be in it by the side of General Hooker, who is 
a friend of mine." 

The Captain s desire was never granted, as he was killed in 
the next battle, and in the family Bible appears this record: " Robert 
Brown Hampton was killed at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Va., 
May 3, 1863, on Sunday morning about eight o clock." 

Before the war the Captain was a member of the Duquesne 
Greys, an old military organization of Pittsburgh, Pa. 

ROBERT 5. HAMPTON. 

[131] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 






CAPTAIN EDWARD R.GEARY. 

OUR BOY CAPTAIN. 
DWARD RATCHFORD GEARY was born at 

Salem, Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania, on Sep 
tember 1, 1845, and was killed in the midnight battle 
at Wauhatchie, Tennessee, October 29, 1863, being only eighteen 
years and two months old when killed. His body was sent home 
and buried at New Salem, Pa. 

He was mustered into Knap s Independent Battery E, Penn 
sylvania Light Artillery, as Second Lieutenant, on September 8, 
1861. He was wounded at the Battle of Cedar Mountain, Vir 
ginia, on August 9, 1862. On July 16, 1863, he was promoted 
from Second to First Lieutenant, and was commissioned Captain of 

[132] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Hampton Battery F on October 20, 1863, but was killed before 
being mustered in. On March 13, 1865, he was breveted Major 
and Lieutenant Colonel. 

While our Battery was encamped on Maryland Heights in 
the fall of 1863, Lieutenant Geary was unanimously elected Cap 
tain of Hampton Battery. His commission from the State of 
Pennsylvania, dated October 20, 1863, was forwarded to his 
father, General John W. Geary, then in command of the White 
Star Division of the Twelfth Corps. He had his son s commission 
in his pocket when Captain Geary was killed. 

Captain Collins, in his History of the One Hundred and Forty- 
ninth New York Volunteers, of the Twelfth Corps, says: 

* When the rays of the rising sun came over Lookout Moun 
tain they fell with a mellow light upon the tall portly form of 
General Geary standing with bowed head on the summit of the 
knoll, while before him lay the lifeless form of a Lieutenant of 
Artillery. Scattered about were cannon, battered and bullet marked 
caissons and limbers, and many teams of dead horses in harness. 
There were many other dead, but none attracted his attention save 
this one. For he was his son. The men respected his sorrow and 
stood at a distance in silence while he communed with his grief. 
The Confederates had been instructed to pick off the artillerists. 
Lieutenant Geary had just sighted a gun and as he gave the com 
mand to fire, he fell dead with a bullet through his forehead." 

Captain Joseph M. Knap, of Knap s Battery, says : " Captain 
Geary was one of the bravest, most efficient and devoted soldiers 
that ever lived." Post 236, G. A. R., County of Allegheny, State 
of Pennsylvania, was named after him. 

As Captain Geary was never mustered into the Hampton 
Battery his name does not appear on the rolls of the company, but 
the surviving members have very properly inscribed his name on 
the monument erected by them in the Allegheny City Park, to the 
memory of their fallen comrades. 

[133] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




LIEUTENANT JOSEPH L. MILLER. 



134] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




SECOND LIEUTENANT JOSEPH L. MILLER. 

OSEPH L. MILLER was a native of Pittsburgh, Pa., 
his parents being Reuben Miller, Jr. and Anna Mills. 
He was born September 1 , 1 84 1 , and was educated 
in the public schools, principally in the old Second Ward, of which, 
J. B. D. Meeds was principal. After leaving school he was 
in the grocery business with Smith & Hunter. He enlisted in 
Hampton Battery on August 12, 1862, and was wounded at the 
Battle of Gettysburg, July 3, 1863, from the effects of which he 
died on August 9, 1 863. He was buried in the Allegheny Cem 
etery. 

Lieutenant Miller was a brave and gallant soldier, always at 
his post, and by his gentle and pleasing manners endeared himself to 
all the members of the Battery. 



[135] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




FIRST LIEUTENANT JOSEPH B. TODD. 

OSEPH B. TODD was born in Pittsburgh, Pa., in 
1 820, and was mustered into Hampton Battery on 
October 8, 1861, as Sergeant. He was promoted to 
Lieutenant March 5, 1864, and was mustered out of the service on 
February 16, 1865. He was wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg, 
July 2, 1863, and died from the effects of his wounds on March 6, 
1865, at Pittsburgh, Pa. He was buried in the Allegheny 
Cemetery. 

Lieutenant Todd made his home in the old Lawrenceville 
District of Pittsburgh for many years, being engaged in the iron 
business with W. W. Wallace, on Liberty Street. He was a mem 
ber of the old Duquesne Greys, a volunteer military organization of 
Pittsburgh, when he enlisted in the battery. 

Lieutenant Todd was a brave and good soldier, always 
attended to his duty in a most honorable manner, and had the respect 
of all under him. 



[136] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




LIEUTENANT JOSEPH B. TODD. 




t 37] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

DESCRIPTIVE LETTER. 
LETTER FROM JOHN C. SHALER TO HIS SISTER. 

In Camp, near Warrenton, Va., July 26, 1863. 
My Dear Sister : 

In accordance with a promise made you some time ago I hereby 
commence an account of our movements since leaving Fairfax 
Court House, June 25th, and up to the present time. 

June 25th. About 9:30 A. M. at this date, we unexpectedly 
received orders to be ready for the road in twenty minutes. We 
were ready within the required time and marched about twenty min 
utes afterward, taking the Centerville pike. A short distance outside 
of the Court House a camp had been broken up but things not all 
removed. Among other articles that were lying around were the 
instruments of a brass band, consisting of about a dozen pieces and 
a bass drum. We boys charged on them instantly and each piece 
was soon in the hands of some one. It was a laughable sight to see 
the fellows puffing away without getting much noise or music from 
anything but the drum. Our merriment was at its height when lo! 
we were in turn charged on by the real and enraged musicians, fol 
lowed by a volley of outlandish and incoherent words. At first there 
was some danger of a panic on our part, but finally we managed to 
retreat in good order and took up our line of march with the battery, 
amid the shouts of laughter of the balance of the company. This 
ended our would be soiree. 

We left the pike about the middle of the day and by evening 
had reached a place called Drainesville. This vicinity has not been 
troubled much by the armies and presented all the signs of civiliza 
tion, fine farms and plentiful crops, splendid houses and beautiful 
gardens, gentlemen and ladies, mischievous boys and pretty girls. 

[138] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Soon after passing the above place rain commenced to fall and it 
became so dark we could scarcely see to march, but still we kept on 
until the middle of the night, when we halted, left the horses har 
nessed, built large fires, got something to eat, laid ourselves down 
without covering, and in spite of the inclemency of the weather, 
slept soundly until morning. 

June 26. We awoke this morning with the rain pattering in 
our faces, and a rather uncomfortable feeling caused by wet clothes. 
The cooks soon after had breakfast ready. That over we soon 
marched and a short time afterwards crossed the Potomac at 
Edwards Ferry, into Maryland. After crossing we did not march 
far until we went into camp, pitched tents and made ourselves as 
comfortable as circumstances would admit. During the day I saw 
two umbrellas, the only ones I think I ever saw in the army. One 
belonged to a fancy little captain of a wagon train. He should 
have been cashiered for carrying it. The other belonged to a 
diminutive drummer boy and was, I suppose, the gift of some anx 
ious friend mother or sister perhaps. He should have been at home 
selling newspapers, instead of out wading through the mud. 

The site of our camp was on a high hill near the river. We 
could see back through the country on the other side five or six 
miles, and over the whole length of road during the entire day 
could be seen a steady stream of wagons, moving this way. You 
can form some idea of the immense trains of this army when I tell 
you this one of many was thirty miles in length. We have a rain 
bow this evening. 

June 27. We marched about nine o clock this morning. In 
about an hour we reached a place called Poolsville. As we passed 
there was a large band playing some fine music. Pleasanton s cav 
alry came through about the same time. They also had a band 

[139] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

and the two vied with each other till we could scarcely hear the 
rattle of our artillery above the music, and the doors and windows 
were lined with ladies. In Virginia the fair sex never make them 
selves visible when our armies are passing, but here they are 
patriotic. 

We next passed through Barnsville, which is situated almost 
in the mountains and is a very nice place. 

We passed through the mountains today and around the base 
of what is called " Sugar-loaf," a high peak of this range. The 
name " Sugar-loaf " I at first thought very inappropriate, but when 
we got properly in I found out the reason. The sides are very steep 
and covered with large rocks and small crooked trees. The peak is 
a very large conical rock and of a dazzling whiteness. Oh, it is 
grand, wild, and magnificent! It seemed to me as if it would have 
been a place chosen by some ancient baron to rear his castle. Our 
signal corps had a station there at the time, which could be seen for 
miles on either side. 

Near evening we crossed the Monocacy River and then 
marched on to Frederick City. We reached this place by the time 
gas had been lit, so that the city presented quite a brilliant ap 
pearance. 

Our Brigade had got behind the rest of the Reserve about a 
quarter of a mile from the city, and we were obliged to double 
quick to close the column. We went rushing in at a rattling pace. 
The rumble of the wheels caused a continuous echo; the numerous 
lamps produced a thousand flitting shadows; orderlies rushed about 
on horseback; officers shouted orders; and the men hurrahed at the 
waving of handkerchiefs and flags. The whole was an exciting scene 
and very different from what the poor soldier is in the habit of seeing. 

[140] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

We passed through and camped about three-quarters of a mile from 
the town. 

June 28th. The morning is cloudy. This being Sunday a num 
ber of the boys went to the city church, but the greater part washed 
clothes, among them myself. About two-thirds of the fellows who 
said they were going to church it seems were going for whiskey 
instead, and came home quite tipsy, having managed to get it some 
place or other. 

June 29th. Rain was falling fast this morning. We marched 
at nine o clock. The rain ceased about ten and we had a chance 
to see the country as we passed, which was very pretty, covered by 
fine crops and inhabited by a patriotic people. 

We passed through the towns of Waterville, Lee s Settlement, 
Woodsboro and Bruceville. At the latter place we went into camp. 

June 30th. We marched at nine o clock. The appearance 
of the country was about the same as what we had been passing 
through. Rain fell nearly all day. About the middle of the day 
we reached Taneytown and camped. 

July 1st. Morning cloudy. We have orders that we will 
not march. This evening we have orders to put four days rations 
in our haversacks, for the wagons must be sent to the rear, as a 
battle is expected soon. We also received orders to march at 4:00 
A. M. tomorrow. 

July 2d. Morning foggy. We were up at three and 
marched at four o clock, taking the Gettysburg road for the battle 
field, and double quicking about half the distance over a bad piece 
of road. When we came within sight of the battlefield we halted, 
parked and fed the horses, leaving them in harness. 

About the middle of the day cannonading commenced and 

[HI] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

inside of an hour Lieutenant Chamberlain, of General Tyler s staff, 
came rushing up, exclaiming, "Captain Thompson, your battery to 
the front, countermarch and take the road to the right." We double 
quicked to the front and went into action amid a perfect shower of 
shells. The position we got, as well as those occupied by the other 
batteries, was a bad one, and was badly supported by infantry. 
After a couple of hours hard fighting we were compelled to fall 
back to the ground occupied by us in the morning. It had now 
become dark and both sides ceased hostilities. One of the guns 
manned by Thompson s men was deserted by them, and the horses 
ran off. A squad of our men tried to drag it from the field, but 
the nature of the ground would not allow, and we had to leave it on 
the field. Our loss was one man killed and several wounded. 

July 3d. Morning cloudy and uncomfortable. The enemy, 
elated by the little success they had gained last evening, commenced 
firing soon after daylight this morning, giving some of their guns 
high elevation. We were about a mile from our front and some 
solid shot fell near us. The enemy, after blowing up a couple of 
limbers on our side, and our batteries not replying, ceased firing. 
Soon after this we again went into position and immediately com 
menced throwing up earthworks in front of our guns to protect us 
from ricocheting shot. These completed, we lay about our pieces 
waiting for the enemy to commence the attack. We then received 
orders that should the enemy commence firing not to fire until fur 
ther orders. All this time we could see the enemy massing his 
batteries in front of us and preparing for a desperate duel. Some 
time after mid-day they opened on us with about sixty guns, and we, 
as ordered, lay down and let them peg away. It was awful to lie 
there as we did, for if anything is fearful it is to lie still while 
shot and shell are showering around; but let me be doing something 
and there is nothing I like better. In about half an hour after the 

[142] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

enemy commenced, a horseman came rushing into our line shouting 
" open up these batteries, commence firing, by order of General 
Crawford." We all sprang to our posts and commenced in earnest. 
The roar of the artillery was awful and I think can be truly called 
one of the heaviest artillery fights on record. 

It was some time before we could notice we were gaining any 
advantage, but finally their fire became weaker and soon after ceased 
altogether. We soon ceased also. We could again see them mov 
ing their now shattered batteries into new positions. That finished, 
it was but a short time until we could see a long line of their infantry 
coming out of cover and getting ready for a charge. Their artillery 
opened again, but we did not pay any attention to it but commenced 
shelling their infantry line as it charged, keeping it up until they 
came within canister range, when we used that freely. It checked 
them, and our infantry, seeing them waver, made a charge and drove 
them back. In about ten minutes they again charged, and when 
close enough we gave them double and treble canister and almost 
annihilated them. They again fell back. This ended the fighting 
for the day, having repulsed them at all points. About dusk, there 
being indications of rain, and relying on the infantry for a guard 
against surprise, we made ourselves comfortable. Today Captain 
Irish, Lieutenant Miller, Lieutenant Todd, and also several privates, 
were wounded. 

July 4th. Morning cloudy. About five o clock this morning 
we were relieved by another battery, after being on the field for 
thirty-six hours. We marched to the rear, pitched tents, and took 
our much needed repose. This was the only wet Fourth I ever knew 
of. There was not any fighting today. The enemy is said to be 
falling back. In examining my knapsack today I found a musket 
ball in it. 

[143] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

July 5th. Raining this morning. Our army is beginning to 
move again this morning, as the enemy has retreated. At five o clock 
P. M. we struck tents and marched, passing through Two-Taverns, 
Germantown and Littlestown. At the latter place we camped again 
about midnight. 

July 6th. We were ordered to lie here today to give the 
balance of the army a chance to get away. Our proper place is in 
the rear during a march. We received a large mail today, the only 
one for some time. The men in the several batteries had orders not 
to leave their respective camps during the day, but there were too 
many pies and cakes in Littlestown for them to regard orders much, 
and they left as they pleased. General Tyler, hearing that his order 
had not been obeyed and becoming wroth thereat, sent a provost 
guard into town to arrest all that might be there, and also placed 
guards at the several entrances to the field in which the Reserve was 
camped, who arrested all the town guard missed. They were taken 
before the General, who administered a sound rebuke and sent 
them under guard to their several camps, hoping they would do 
better hereafter. I am sorry for all the good it did them though. 

July 7th. We marched at seven o clock toward Frederick 
City, passing through Taneytown, Bruceville and Woodsboro. The 
roads were very bad. We camped after dark near the latter place, 
in the midst of a heavy rain. 

July 8th. Rain still falling this morning. Marched at noon 
and reached Frederick City about five o clock. Here we for the 
first time heard of the capture of Vicksburg. We also learned of 
the execution of a spy who was well known to the whole army, but 
not in that capacity. Last winter he was in the camps at Aquia 
Creek and Falmouth getting subscriptions for company memorials, 
which from the appearance of the samples were very nice affairs. 

[144] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Our whole company had subscribed. It seems since he was proven 
a spy and met his just fate that his name was Richardson. He 
seemed like a very shrewd fellow. 

July 9th. At noon today we again marched, taking the 
Hagerstown road. We passed through Middletown, over South 
Mountain, and through Boonsboro. By some mistake we almost 
marched through the picket line. We then had to march back 
through the town again before we could camp. It was then dark. 

We passed over the South Mountain battlefield today. Most 
of the ground is under good crops, but there are still a good many 
indications of a hard battle, buildings pierced, trees cut off by 
shells, old bayonet fragments, etc., lying around, and the still more 
melancholy sight of long lines of graves in different parts of the field. 
In the mountains there are still the remains of a large pile of rebel 
knapsacks, which they were obliged to leave in their retreat. The 
scenery in the mountains is quite picturesque, wild and rugged, and 
I will not soon forget the impression it made on me. 

July 1 0th. This morning was dark and lowering, with an 
occasional dash of sunshine, reminding one of the flashing eyes of 
some demon in joyful anticipation of the fearful scenes which were 
to transpire today. This scene was the melancholy accident caused 
by the accidental discharge of one of the pieces that I wrote to you 
of on the same date. About four o clock we broke camp and 
moved a few miles and again camped, passing through Boonsboro. 
Evening clear. 

July 1 1 th. We marched again this morning, still on the 
Hagerstown road, to a point called Benevola (scare up your Latin) 
where we went into park, pitched tents and made ourselves 
comfortable. There was a heavy cavalry fight here yesterday. 

[145] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

July 12th. Morning foggy. At an old mill dam here we 
found a splendid place for washing. The chute is old and decayed, 
and the water comes through in innumerable jets. A person stand 
ing under becomes well cleaned in a few minutes. I took my Sunday 
wash here. A thunder storm today. 

July 13th. This morning we broke camp and moved up to the 
left of our line of battle, as there was an attack expected there. 
After we had been lying here a while the discovery was made that 
our services were not needed and we were ordered back to camp. 
It was mighty pleasant to be hauled around this way and then have 
to pitch tents in a rain storm. We managed to make ourselves 
comfortable after carrying off nearly every shock from a rye-field. 
So much for red tape. 

July 14th. Morning cloudy. Today I saw a number of the 
militia of which the newspapers were speaking so much. Such a 
green set I never did see. Old soldiers were just stuffing them. It 
seemed to me strange how a sane man could believe them. Yet 
they were filling their note books with all that was told them. 
Evening cloudy. 

July 15th. We marched at 5:00 A.M., passing through 
Boonsboro, Middletown, Jefferson, and Petersville. The roads, on 
account of the much rain lately and numerous trains passing over, 
were very bad. We camped near Berlin on the Potomac. 

July 16th. We understand we will lie here for a few days. 
I saw today that which will prove that the " cute Yankee " will 
make money no matter where situated. It was a chap going about 
from camp to camp, a rough barber s stool on his back and other 
necessaries in a haversack, giving a shave and a cut for fifteen cents 
each or twenty-five cents for both. He was filling his pockets too, 
for customers were plenty. 

[146] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

July 1 7th. Raining this morning. Nothing of interest today. 

July 18th. March at eight o clock. We crossed into the 
sacred soil again today at Berlin. I believe the army was glad to 
get back into Virginia again, for they do not want to do their fight 
ing in a loyal State. We passed through Lovettsville today, marched 
about five miles and camped. 

July 1 9th. We marched at eight o clock. The only town we 
passed through today was Wheatland. About ten miles further on 
was Purcellville, near which we camped. The fields in this section 
of country are not under cultivation, but are partly evergreen with 
dewberries. I got into a patch today the like of which I never saw. 
The vines were so thickly matted a person could scarcely get 
through, and the berries were in such quantities I might say that they 
covered the ground. I sat in one place and picked my cap full. 
They are as large as Lawton Blackberries. The soldiers are living 
off them. They pick a tinful and then milk some cow, making ber 
ries and cream good. 

July 20th. We marched at nine o clock. At Purcellville this 
morning a suspicious character who could not give a good account 
of himself and told several conflicting stories, was put under arrest 
as a spy. We marched and camped today again at a place called 
Union, which is very inappropriate as far as the sentiments of the 
people are concerned. The day has been very warm and roads bad. 
Evening clear. 

July 2 1 st. A heavy rain this morning, but it soon ceased and 
the weather cleared off. Nothing of interest today. 

July 22d. Marched at noon. When we had marched about 
two miles we halted for a short time on a high hill, from which there 

[H7] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

was an extensive view of surrounding country. Here and there 
could be seen a village peeping out from amongst the trees, and 
bordered by some stream whose meanderings were lost among the 
distant hills. The country was dotted over with clumps of timber, 
and seemed well situated for agricultural purposes. But little was 
under cultivation, on account of the war. We did not march more 
than five miles until we again camped. Our camp today had one 
great attraction, viz : a deep run in which we were enabled to get a 
swim. 

July 23d. Marched at eight o clock. The country through 
which we passed today was uninteresting. We marched about ten 
miles and camped at White Plains. This evening we heard cannon 
ading. It seems Mosby managed to burn part of the 12th Corps 
train and some batteries were shelling him out of a piece of woods 
where he had taken cover. 

July 24th. We lay in camp today until near evening. Marched 
at dusk for Warrenton, which we reached just as the gray streak of 
dawn appeared. This march was very fatiguing, both on man and 
beast. The roads were so miserably bad the cannoneers could not 
ride, and it was very slavish to go plunging through mud holes and 
over banks in our endeavors to keep pace with the carriages. The 
drivers were so sleepy they could scarcely see what they were doing, 
almost running out of the road at times. We passed Warrenton and 
parked. 

July 25th. We fixed up in a permanent manner today, ex 
pecting and hoping we will stay for some time. 

It is a month today since we left Fairfax Court House, and 
since then we have not been forty-eight hours in one camp, but on 
the move nearly all the time. 

JOHN C. SHALER. 

[148] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 



OUR LITTLE STRING BAND. 

N THE History of Hampton Battery "Our Little 
String Band " is a significant feature and possesses a 
tenacious hold upon our affections. It was organized 
in 1862, and was composed of the following members: 

C. C. ARENSBERG, Leader and Violin 

GEORGE V. MARSHALL, Second Violin and Guitar 

JAMES WILSON, Cornet 

GEORGE RITCHIE, Flute and Piccolo 

ALONZO CAVITT, Bass Viol 

EDMUND J. WILKINS, Guitar and Violin 

FRANK A. MERRICK, Flute 

The effort to revive some of the latent music and " lost chords " 
of this little band has resulted in bringing to light these reflections on 
the times and events in and about Aquia Creek, where our Battery 
was in winter quarters during 1862 and 1863. 

Aquia Creek Landing, at the time of the war and before, was 
the railroad terminal between Richmond and Aquia Creek, a branch 
of the Potomac. At this point boats connected with the railroad for 
Washington, D. C., a distance of about forty miles. This was a 
very busy place while the army was encamped here, as was also the 
vicinity between this part of the country and Falmouth after the 
disastrous Battle of Fredericksburg and the " Mud March " follow 
ing. 

On the Potomac River, about three-quarters of a mile below 
Aquia Creek, another boat landing was built. This was used for 
the unloading of forage, ammunition, commissary stores, etc. It was 

[149] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

called by " U. S. Yankees " Ubedam Landing. Some of the piles 
of its ruins yet remain, and the place is still known in the neighbor 
hood by its wartime nickname. A railroad, built on piles, connected 
it with the old Aquia Creek steamboat landing. 

Along this little branch railroad the engineers and train hands 
lived with their families. They had comfortable, portable houses 
which were sent down and erected by the government. There was 
quite a small colony of them, mostly from Massachusetts. Our band 
was often invited to spend the evening with these people. They 
always had something good to eat. We occasionally contributed 
flour, sugar, coffee, etc. to their supplies, while we enjoyed their good 
apple dumplings, biscuit, and snitz or dried apple pies. 

There was a prevalence of pine trees in this locality, and we 
soon had our little houses built. We used the pine boughs to make 
shelter stables for our horses. 

During our stay in these winter quarters, we entertained guests 
from dear old Pittsburgh. Boxes came to us by Adams Express, 
filled with " pies and things." Oysters and fish we got in great 
quantities from the Potomac and the adjacent streams. Some of 
the boys were excellent cooks, and we certainly did live on the fat of 
the land. 

A circumstance of the hour was Mrs. Teese s visit to her sons 
in this camp. She kindly volunteered to darn the stockings of any 
of the boys who would bring them to her cabin. At roll call, 
Orderly Robert Paul informed the company of this offer. It was 
washday in camp, and the good old lady was fairly forced to leave 
her quarters in order to make room for the socks that came pouring 
in from the one hundred and sixty members of the Battery. 

While we were here, many of the boys were granted furloughs 
to visit their homes, and on their return, they were always well laden 
with articles for their less lucky companions. 

[150] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

When our band was organized we were short a bass, so we all 
chipped in, and when E. J. Wilkins secured a furlough, he brought 
one back with him. We were somewhat at a loss to know how to 
take care of it. One night we were out serenading. The ground 
was white, and in passing along through the hospital tents, near the 
camp, we saw a coffin in the snow. Some one took off the cover and 
found the bass " just fit it." We took the gruesome thing back to 
our camp that night, and sawed off the lower end. It made an 
excellent case. It was carried in our wagon until a few days before 
the Battle of Gettysburg. Then it was left, with the rest of our 
instruments, with a family named McAllister, in the village of 
Taneytown, Maryland, not far from Gettysburg. 

Many are the episodes connected with the string band of 
Hampton s Battery. It afforded us participation in endless schemes 
of frolic, as well as in gatherings of hallowed memory, and be 
guiled the monotony of many a tedious hour and dull day. 

Sometimes we were joined by other bands from regiments and 
batteries in the neighborhood. The One Hundred and Eleventh 
Regiment, from Erie, Pa., was camped near us. They had a brass 
band in their regiment, and played with us many a time. 

We often serenaded the several corps and brigade com 
manders, and occasionally were invited to play at the head 
quarters of the general officers. At these recreations we were treated 
to the best that could be had. 

On one occasion, during the time we were in these winter 
quarters, General Joseph Hooker, then in command of the Army of 
the Potomac, was on his way from Washington to his headquarters 
near Falmouth, and stopped over to see Captain Hampton. The 
Captain had other friends there to meet General Hooker, among 
whom were General John W. Geary, Commander of the Second 
Division, Twelfth Corps, of the Army of the Potomac, General 

[151] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Thomas L. Kane, brother of the explorer, and Commander of the 
Bucktail Brigade, Second Division, Twelfth Corps, and General 
Greene, Commander of Greene s Brigade. Generals Hooker, 
Geary and Kane and Captain Hampton (an old forty-niner) had 
all been members of the Vigilance Committee of California before 
the war. Our band had a busy time on that occasion helping to 
entertain the Captain s old comrades and other friends. Their 
stories and reminiscences delighted us as we witnessed their great 
pleasure in being again in each other s society. Surely we remember 
one remark our Captain made that night. In addressing his dis 
tinguished guests, and naming each and his high office in his country s 
service, he said: " And I, Bob Hampton, Commander of Hamp 
ton s Battery, would not exchange places, my dear comrades, with 
any of you." It is needless to say that the little band played longer, 
louder and stronger than ever, for we knew our Captain said what 
was in his heart. 

In the midst of these associations is the memory of Chancellors- 
ville. After this battle we returned to our old camp at Aquia Creek, 
but it had no interest for us now. With the loss of our beloved 
Captain, and other comrades, the depletion in men, horses, guns, 
caissons and everything else, we were a sad and sorry looking 
Battery. 

Our Battery s last engagement in the Chancellorsville campaign 
was on the north side of the Rappahannock, at United States Ford. 
We were protecting the pontoon raisers. How it did rain! The 
men stood to the guns and kept up such a warm shelling all through 
the night and following morning that the enemy could not, and would 
not dare to bring their batteries into action. Knap s, Thompson s 
and Hampton s Batteries, or what was left of them, were there, 
helping to save from damage our engineers and infantry, who were 
the last to leave the enemy s side of the river. 

[152] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

Beautifully situated on the bluff on the north side of the river 
where our Battery was planted was a farm of three or four hundred 
acres, highly cultivated and improved. One of the members of our 
Battery, Jacob Rosensteel, was so well impressed with the farm that 
he bought it shortly after the war and still owns it. 

The music was pretty well driven out of us by this time. We 
lost interest in the little organization during this period of its history. 
After returning to the old camp at Aquia Creek, a few days after 
the battle of Chancellorsville, the weather cleared up, the roads 
became dry, and as the landscape took on the varied tints of early 
summer, men and horses began to feel better, and the band got 
together again. 

Before long, however, we were moved to another camp at 
White Oak Church, nearer to Fredericksburg. We always called 
this place Camp Dusty. Our band held meetings here, and the 
music helped to alleviate the sadness of our late experiences. 

At Camp Dusty the Vermont Brigade of the Sixth Corps gave 
a ball. It was a gala entertainment. Many friends of the Ver- 
monters were there from Yankeeland. Our band helped to furnish 
the music. Unfortunately, Arensberg, our leader, had his fingers 
crushed that day, and could not be on hand. We did the best we 
could under the circumstances, and managed to satisfy the Ver- 
monters, who thought we had a pretty good little band. 

When the Hampton Battery passed through Taneytown, on 
the way to Gettysburg, we were forced to say good bye to " our 
little string band." The instruments were hard to take care of while 
on the march. While camping in that town, the McAllister family 
were very kind to us. Our tents were pitched back of their house. 
When we marched on they took care of our music boxes, and in 
course of time shipped them back to Pittsburgh, with the exception 
of a guitar, which two of the young ladies brought to its owner in 

[153] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

West Building Hospital, Baltimore, Maryland. The event of the 
marriage of one of the daughters of the family interested some of 
us about that time. 

In collecting data for our History, the recollection of this 
circumstance, and also the memory of a dinner given at their house 
and attended by many of the officers on the army s return from 
Gettysburg, and to which they invited a number of us, form the 
medium by which we have again come in touch with two of the 
surviving members of that family, whose great kindness the Hamp 
ton Battery boys remember with gratitude. 

Through the courtesy of the postmaster of Taneytown, two 
daughters of Alexander McAllister were located. A letter written 
by one of them to one of our members in the interest of the Hampton 
Battery History, is herewith appended: 

"December 14, 1908. 
" Dear Sir: 

" Sister and I received your letter Saturday morning and we 
are pleased to know that you have not forgotten us, and desire to 
renew our acquaintance. It therefore gives me great pleasure to 
write you in reference to the past. Yes, my father, Alexander 
McAllister, lived one mile west of Taneytown. Father died in 
1 883 ; my mother in 1 880. 

" I remember with pleasure the day you refer to; quite a num 
ber dining with us, and as one of the party left he said to my father, 
* You will hear from me. So in quite a short time father received 
a paper (I think from Pittsburgh). It told of the army s move 
ments from Virginia into Maryland, and then encamping in and 
around Taneytown. It spoke of many dining at our house, White 
Cottage, and by way of a little courteous flattery spoke of the din 
ner being served by the hands of his (Alexander McAllister s) fair 

[154] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

daughters, Miss Mary and Miss Eliza. I only mention this by way 
of recalling some of the past. On the evening of the first of July, 
General Meade, who had his headquarters in and near Taneytown, 
was ordered with his men to go at once to Gettysburg; and a sad 
time it was. The men who were in and around our house were 
greatly depressed for they feared there would be trouble ahead, or 
great distress, which there surely was. On the third of July, Gen 
eral Lee found his cause a hopeless one, and he and his poor broken 
up army returned to Virginia. On their return from Gettysburg we 
had many callers, many of whom had been there previous to going 
to Gettysburg. 

* You spoke of my sister s marriage. Yes, she was married on 
the 19th of November, 1863, the day that the National Cemetery 
at Gettysburg was dedicated. And how many changes have taken 
place since then! 

" Sister unites with me in extending you an invitation when you 
come to Washington to come to see us. 

" Hoping this will find you well, I am, 
Respectfully your friend, 

ELIZA MCALLISTER GARDNER. 

MRS. WILLIAM P. GARDNER, 
914 I Street, N. W., 

Washington City, D. C. 

GEORGE V. MARSHALL, 

Hampton Battery, U. S. A. 



[155] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 



ABSENT WITHOUT LEAVE. 

E ARE often asked to relate events that happened 
nearly half a century ago about our adventures while 

in the service, and our description of daily occurrences 

is apt to be received with a great deal of allowance. 

The story of this adventure has often been told but never to my 
recollection has been written, and it refers to three misguided young 
members of the Hampton Battery, none of whom had reached his 
nineteenth year. 

In order to appreciate our position it will be necessary for me 
to give a little history of Mcbly and his followers. Harpers Ferry 
was at that time under the command of General Stevens. He 
frequently sent out scouting parties with Lieutenant Pearson 
in command. They had several encounters with the bushwhackers 
but Mobly was elusive enough to get out of reach. There was a 
general order issued against General Mobly and Billy the French 
man, for murder, with a reward for their capture dead or alive. My 
impression was that these murders were committed without the 
usual provocation of war, but were the result of their dashing out on 
unfortunate stragglers of the Federal Army. I always had a con 
tempt for this mode of warfare, but this gang would rather shoot 
to kill than be burdened with the care of prisoners. It was therefore 
a good guess that Mobly would not be taken alive. Billy the 
Frenchman was captured by one of the scouting parties and brought 
into Harpers Ferry and hanged the same day, by authority of Gen 
eral Sheridan, who was in the Valley of the Shenandoah on his 
tour of devastation under orders from Grant to destroy everything 
that he could not use. The telegram to Sheridan after the capture 
was, " We have caught Billy the Frenchman." The laconic reply 

[156] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

was " Hang Billy the Frenchman this afternoon at two o clock. 
Signed, Sheridan." 

One of Mobly s victims who was shot and left for dead on the 
field in Loudon County, Virginia, was Sergeant Stewart, one of 
Pearson s scouts, whom Mobly knew very well from frequent en 
counters. This man was taken to the hospital supposed to be 
mortally wounded, but he recovered and returned to his command at 
Harpers Ferry. Knowing that Mobly was still uncaptured he asked 
for permission to look him up. Permission was granted and he 
crossed the river and laid in wait for him, knowing that he visited his 
mother who lived on a farm less than a quarter of a mile from our 
picket line. As morning was breaking he was rewarded by seeing 
Mobly and a companion riding towards the house. He waited until 
he came close enough for mutual recognition, when he cried, 
"Halt! " Mobly turned and seeing the aim of Stewart, cried: "I am 
a dead man," and was shot and instantly killed. His companion was 
wounded, but made his escape. Stewart brought the body of Mobly 
into Harpers Ferry strapped on his own horse, with his head on one 
side and his feet on the other. He threw the remains over the fence 
in front of General Stevens headquarters, evidently well pleased 
with his morning s work. 

While in the hospital Stewart told the attendants that he was 
sure to settle the score with Mobly when he got well enough to 
travel. He provided himself with plenty of rations, and among his 
guns was a repeating carbine, with which he shot him. He laid 
his plans so well that Mobly was caught like a rat in a trap. 

In order to understand the narrative fully we will have to 
go back to the disastrous campaign of the Army of the Potomac 
ending with the Battle of Chancellorsville. Two months later oc 
curred the memorable Battle of Gettysburg. The Battery had 

[157] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

through losses and other causes been temporarily disabled, and while 
waiting for guns, etc., we were assigned to guard and picket duty. 
On Sunday, September 1 1 th, William F. Hood, George Noble 
and myself took a stroll on the outside of the picket line. I armed 
myself with a Colts six shooter, while my comrades were armed 
with Springfield rifles, notwithstanding the fact that had become 
apparent to us, that artillerymen armed with muskets were more 
dangerous to each other than to the enemy. We were aware of the. 
band of bushwhackers that infested Loudon County on the south 
side of the Shenandoah River. We made up our minds that if we 
would meet Captain Mobly and his band we would just kill them. 
Had we been successful, Falstaff would not be in it with the stories 
we could have told in relating the adventure. 

The details of our capture was a deep humiliation to us. The 
first indication of an enemy was a volley of pistol shots. The ping 
of the bullets was uncomfortably close. After getting sight of the 
enemy, both Hood and Noble brought their guns to an aim, but 
they did not fire as they were by this time on a gallop toward us, 
Mobly in the lead with a revolver in each hand. We all jumped 
the fence, expecting to get into the shelter of the woods. I fired two 
shots from my revolver, after which there was a regular fusillade of 
bullets. Fortunately for us, none were wounded. Hood and Noble 
were holding their guns with their right hand on the trigger. Mobly 
yelled to them to break their muskets, at the same time firing his 
revolver at short range and wounding Hood in the arm. He then 
pointed his revolver at me with the command to hand my revolver to 
him. He seemed very suspicious of every movement of our hands, 
and kept his gun on us until we turned over what money we had. 

It was a brief and thrilling experience, more so than any 
engagement we were ever in. We were each compelled to march 

[158] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

beside a horse and rider. I had the honor of being escorted by 
Mobly, while Hood and Noble were guarded by his two compan 
ions. There were others in the rear and from the talk of an old 
farmer who was an onlooker we did not think much of his sincerity. 
When he detailed to us what he might have done we had little to 
say, realizing that we were in a tight place. 

The members of the Battery always treated Mrs. Mobly with 
uniform kindness, buying milk and other necessaries from her. This 
circumstance had its weight in getting our freedom. Hood s wound 
was bleeding and painful, and we had to make frequent stops to give 
him relief. My mind was full of schemes for making our escape. 
Mobly said we would have to go to Libby Prison, but for my part 
I was optimistic in regard to our disposal, thinking it was as much a 
problem to our captor as to ourselves. We also felt sure an armed 
party from the detail would start after us. 

After walking a short distance the Captain dismissed us with 
threats of dire punishment if we did not treat his people right. We 
concluded he had the floor and kept a discreet silence. But I have 
always maintained that we were lucky to get off so well. We were 
gladly welcomed by our comrades, who had concluded that we had 
been captured or met a worse fate. 

I am the only survivor of the trio. Hood died in Pittsburgh 
about five years after the war, and Noble only a few years ago. 

DAVID LEWIS. 



[159] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 

THE STOVE PIPE CANNON. 

HE FOLLOWING incident occurred on the Harrison- 
burg and Winchester pike while the Hampton Battery 
was retiring from Harrisonburg to Williamsport, 
Maryland, covering the retreat of Banks army. 

We made a dummy cannon out of a piece of stove pipe and 
the front carriage of a wagon, and placed it in the middle of the 
road. When the enemy discovered the dummy they thought the 
Union Army had turned upon them, and halted the entire Con 
federate Army until they could reconnoiter. When they discovered 
that they had been deceived they did not leave enough of the 
dummy to fill a match box. This piece of strategy held up the enemy 
until we had retreated to Cedar Creek. 

We were again cut off at Cedar Creek. Our Captain asked 
Lieutenant Colonel Tompkins to support our battery, but he refused. 
We stood there undecided what to do until an unknown guide led 
us down the back road to Winchester toll-gate, where we broke 
through the enemy s skirmish line and returned to our own army. 
We went into formation of battle and remained there all night. The 
next morning the whistle on a locomotive led them to believe that we 
were getting reinforcements and they halted long enough to allow 
us to retreat to Martinsburg, Virginia. We had no more skirmishes 
until we left Williamsport. 

When General Banks saw the Battery in line of battle the 
next morning, he asked whose battery it was and when told that it 
was Hampton s said that he thought it had been captured and asked 
how we escaped. We told him that we had broken through the 
enemy s lines at Winchester toll-gate with the loss of only the bat 
tery wagon and forge. 

JAMES VANZANT. 
[160] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 

THE DEATH OF WILLIAM HASTINGS. 

N THE issuance of President Lincoln s call for addi 
tional troops, I and fifty-two others left Pittsburgh on 
the evening of August 12, 1862, to join the Hampton 
Battery. After being examined by Dr. Edward Simpson, we gath 
ered at the Pennsylvania Railroad Depot at the foot of Washington 
Street, and under the command of Lieutenant Harbours and the 
then Mr. Miller, proceeded to Harrisburg. After another 
examination we received our uniforms and started to join Captain 
R. B. Hampton s Battery. We met them on our way to Front 
Royal, where we received a cordial reception. The Captain told 
us not to swear as he did enough of it for the whole Battery, and 
that he had promised our parents and friends that he would be 
responsible for our conduct. 

In a day or two after joining the Battery, the Confederates 
on the opposite side of the Rappahannock River started an ar 
tillery fight at Warrenton Springs. They were stationed near 
Jefferson, where there was some of the Fifth Virginia Cavalry. We 
had not been in action long until William Hastings was wounded 
in both legs, one above and the other below the knee. A rough 
looking personage from California strayed along and cut them off, 
I assisting as well as I could, and administering the anesthetic. It 
was the first surgical operation I had seen. I have witnessed many 
since. 

We took poor Hastings to a log cabin of one room and an 
attic. I found a loaded musket and a half-barrel of hard tack in 
the loft. After putting up a yellow flag, I dismissed the two-wheeled 
ambulance and driver. Captain Hampton sent Crofut, one of our 
men, to stay with me and wait on us. The poor fellow was very 
much afraid of being taken prisoner, and after he had cleaned some 
things for us I sent him back to the Battery, but he went to his home 

[161] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

in Connecticut, and did not return until the issuance of President 
Lincoln s proclamation pardoning deserters. 

I used the musket to good advantage, shooting a guinea fowl in 
the neck, which caused a constriction of the esophagus, and the 
poor bird surrendered and was soon plucked, and made into soup 
for my poor patient. The next day Lieutenant George, of the 
Fifth Virginia Cavalry, and two of his men came up and wanted 
to know what I had in the cabin. I told him, and he recognizing 
me as a brother Mason, treated me kindly and sent me some 
whiskey, which I needed very much for Hastings. A colored 
woman had sent me some turpentine which enabled me to keep the 
maggots out of his wounds. 

I carried in a belt around my waist, tea, quinine, etc. I made 
some tea, and seeing a sugar bowl on the shelf, added what I 
believed to be sugar, but which proved to be salt. 

I told Lieutenant George that I would like to keep my horse, 
and he promised to let me have it, but two nights afterward it was 
taken away. 

Delirium set in on the third day, and then death came and 
took him. I found a five dollar bill in the pocket of his jacket, and 
used it to pay for the digging of his grave and burying him. I wrote 
to his mother giving her the location of his grave, which was under 
a tree not far from the cabin. 

I heard that General Wade Hampton was at Warrenton 
Court House with his cavalry, and I walked there and reported to 
him. He treated me as I expected and told his adjutant to give me 
dinner. He also gave me a written pass to report to Major General 
McLaws Division of the Confederate Army, which was expected 
at Warrenton Court House. I met it near the Springs and reported 
to Brigadier General Barksdale, who lent me a shawl and placed 
me under guard of his men. The next morning I proceeded to the 
Court House under guard of a cavalryman. When we were near 
the town I was taken to the Division Commander. Here a Major 

[162] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

undertook to bluff me, and I told McLaws that, although a prisoner, 
I would not submit to it, and he put a stop to all rudeness. I was 
first locked up in a church and then in the Court House at Warren- 
ton. This was after the second battle of Manassas, and when the 
prisoners and citizens, as well as the soldiers, were assembled, we 
trudged on the railroad track to Gordonsville. On the way we met 
President Davis on an observation car propelled by hand. 

The next morning we were put on freight cars with the 
privilege of sitting down on our thumbs. I secured a place near a 
barrel of crackers and about two yards from President Davis, whose 
conversation, when the train was not in motion, I could easily hear. 
He was a well educated and most interesting man, as Craven s 
" Jeff. Davis in Prison " will tell you. Dr. Craven was his attend 
ing physician at Fortress Monroe. Davis knew the natural history of 
our whole Atlantic coast. 

By dusk we were drawn up in line before a tobacco ware 
house, Libby Prison, and searched for counterfeit Confederate 
money. They fortunately skipped me, as I had a counterfeit five 
dollar bill in my pocket. We were confined in the top (third) story 
of the building on the corner of a street running through to the James 
River. The food was plain and dear. The women of Richmond, 
to my surprise, brought us, while in line, loaves of bread. God bless 
them. I thanked them, and they told me they wished to follow the 
Golden Rule with us, as we ought to do with their sons and hus 
bands in Northern Prisons. The notorious Lieutenant Ross was our 
keeper. Citizens with us asked me to request him to allow me to 
take letters for them. " Damn them," said Ross, " we consider them 
as spies; you soldiers will, I hope, soon be exchanged. * 

Children came up the steps and offered us salt at fifty cents 
a tablespoonful. On the way to Gordonsville we met some cars 
loaded with salt which they had captured from us. I took my 
dough on a piece of tin to a fence and dabbed it against the salt in 
the car and so got salt without being assaulted or even sworn at. 

[163] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

After about three weeks we were, with the exception of the 
spies, taken to Harrison s Landing, where I fortunately secured an 
Infantry overcoat which some one had cast off, but true blue. I shall 
never forget my disappointment on being sent back the first day, nor 
my intense delight at seeing the Star Spangled Banner on our 
steamer at Harrison s Landing the next day. We saw the masts of 
our two frigates which had been rammed near Fortress Monroe. 
At Annapolis I quietly passed the guards and spent part of a day 
in the city. A New York Regiment destroyed the large and good 
sutler s establishment. I never saw a cleaner sweep of everything. 
You would not know the frame building was ever there. At 
Washington I slipped past the guard and proceeded to Maryland 
Heights, where our Battery was. Captain Hampton made it all 
right and as I got a pension in October, 1907, there is no score 
against me at the War Department. 

FRANK S. BAKEWELL. 




SOME REMINISCENCES. 

MAY BE able to suggest one or two incidents that were 
overlooked in preparing the history. I remember the 
first raid the new section, which had been mustered in 
on August 12, 1862, took part in. It was from Bolivar Heights 
out into the valley toward Berry ville. What a good time we had 
and how the Battery looked on the way back to camp. The men s 
necks were garlanded with sausages; little live porkers were squeal 
ing on the caissons; and chickens were squawking everywhere. 
Every man was loaded to the guards. 

Then there was an incident occurred on Bolivar Heights which 
strongly portrayed the all powerful assimilating influence of army 
life. Will Atwood, Halsey Williams and myself, fresh from the 
nurture of good homes and careful parents and the culture of well 
regulated Sunday Schools, determined, as winter was coming on, that 

[164] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

it was absolutely necessary that we should have a shingle roof to 
cover our shanty. With this end in view, we procured a mule team 
and wagon and started for the town of Harpers Ferry. On the way 
we came upon a deserted house, the siding of which had been torn 
down and the roof rested on the bare studding. " Here we are," said 
Williams, " the very thing we want." Wholly unconscious of any 
wrong, of course, because of the atmosphere, new to us, but strongly 
influential, every blessed son of us got busy with saw and hatchet 
and soon the roof was down and after a good deal of hard work 
was placed upon the wagon. Then came another placing. The 
provost guard came along and placed us all under arrest. Shame 
and humiliation took possession of us, self-respect was at zero, and 
the guard house was looming in the distance. The fact that the 
guard could not take a roof to the guard house saved our bacon 
long enough to send word to Captain Hampton, who sent Lieutenant 
Todd to our rescue. In impressive and beautiful language, he set 
forth the guileless innocence of his Sunday School boys with such 
good effect that the guards, with tears in their eyes, ordered the 
whole outfit to camp, with the threat that if any of us were caught 
in that part of the town again it would go hard with us. On arriving 
at camp we were summoned to the Captain s quarters, and he said 
things as only he could say them. " Only a few weeks in the ser 
vice," said he, " and under arrest for stealing a house. What will 
you take before you are through," and then the air was blue for 
about ten minutes, and chills, such as the fear of baths never pro 
duced, chased each other up and down the boys spines so that they 
were hardly able to put the roof in position upon their little cabin. 
But we got the roof up at last and were comfortable all winter. 

We always liked to play practical jokes on the Sutler. On the 
way to Gettysburg, the lynch pin slipped, seemingly at least, in his 
wagon and the wheel came off. To get the Battery past we had to 
upset the wagon over the bank, and of course guard his stock. No 
one ever enjoyed these little incidents more than we did and do to 
day. 

BENJAMIN R. PARKE. 
[165] 



History of 

HAMPTON BATTERY B 

NATIONAL GUARD OF 

PENNSYLVANIA IN 

WAR WITH SPAIN 

1898 



WITH COMPLETE ROSTER 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 
CAPTAIN ALFRED EPHER HUNT. 

APTAIN ALFRED EPHER HUNT was born 
at East Douglass, Massachusetts, March 31, 1855. 
He was a descendant in the eighth generation of 
William Hunt, who in 1635 came from Salisbury, England, and 
settled at Concord, Massachusetts. His mother was Mrs. Mary H. 
Hunt, the well known temperance worker. He graduated from the 
Boston Institute of Technology in the class of 1876. In 1878 he 
was married to Maria T. McQuesten, of Nashua, New Hampshire, 
who, with one son, Roy Arthur, survives him. Immediately after 
graduating from the Institute of Technology he entered upon an 
active business career as a mining and metallurgical engineer. In 
1881 Captain Hunt located in Pittsburgh, Pa., and in a remark 
ably short time he reached the very first rank among mining 
engineers, chemists, and metallurgical experts. His reputation 
as such soon became international. At the time of his death he 
had been President of the Engineers Society of Western Pennsyl 
vania, Vice President of the American Institute of Mining Engineers 
and of the American Society of Civil Engineers, was a member of 
the British Iron and Steel Institute and of the Institute of Civil 
Engineers of Great Britain. 

He was a Thirty-second degree Mason and a member of the 
Shrine and had been Eminent Commander of Tancred Com- 
mandery, Knights Templar. 

Among business men he was a leader and an organizer. In 
business he was a skillful manager, having administrative ability of 
the highest order. He was one of the controlling stockholders of 
the Pittsburgh Testing Laboratory and the organizer and leading 
spirit in the control of the Pittsburgh Reduction Company, engaged 
in the production of aluminum. To Captain Hunt more than to any 
other one man is due the credit for the large output and general use 
of aluminum in America today. At his death at the very early age 

[168] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 




CAPTAIN A. E. HUNT, HAMPTON BATTERY B, N. G. P. 



[169] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

of forty-four years, he ranked in Pittsburgh as one of her first 
citizens. 

Military tastes and abilities were his. At twenty-one years 
of age he had been promoted from private to Captain of a company 
in the Ninth Massachusetts, a National Guard Regiment, passing 
through all the lower positions in the company. On his removal 
from Boston to Nashua, New Hampshire, he resigned his commis 
sion in the Massachusetts Regiment, but immediately enlisted in a 
New Hampshire Regiment and was soon made First Sergeant and 
shortly after that was elected Captain of the company. In 1881 , on 
locating in Pittsburgh, he resigned his commission in the New Hamp 
shire Regiment. In 1884, Battery B, National Guard of Pennsyl 
vania, was organized. Captain Hunt again enlisted as a private and 
a few days later was elected Captain of that organization, which 
position he held, being re-elected from time to time, until the Battery 
was mustered out of the service of the United States at the close of 
the war with Spain, November 1 7, 1 898. In military matters he was 
able. As a disciplinarian he was severe but fair. He grasped every 
situation quickly and went straight to the core of every proposition 
with little regard for ceremony and " red tape." His men loved and 
respected him and always had full faith in his ability in every 
situation. 

During all his life Captain Hunt was a most untiring worker, 
having a capacity for work equaled by few men. In addition to 
giving close personal attention to every business enterprise in which 
he was interested, and to his Battery, he was a live, active, working 
member of every organization or society to which he belonged. 

He died April 26, 1899, beloved and respected by all who 
knew him, from a complication of diseases resulting from exposure 
during his campaigns in the war between the United States and 

Spain. 

HARRY S. LYDICK. 

[170] 




HAMPTON BATTERY. 

HAMPTON BATTERY B. 

AR WITH SPAIN was formally declared on the 
25th of April, 1 898, and orders were received by the 
Batttery on April 27, to proceed to Mt. Gretna, Pa. 
On the evening of April 28th, in heavy marching order and 
escorted by the Veterans of the Hampton Battery Veteran Associa 
tion, we paraded through the city before starting for camp. 

Anticipating that the Battery would be recruited to a greater 
number of men than authorized by the State Code, we left the city 
with thirty additional men. The following officers were in com 
mand: Captain, Alfred E. Hunt; First Lieutenants, Edward 
Eichenlaub and Alfred W. Marks; First Lieutenant and Assistant 
Surgeon, William C. Wallace; Second Lieutenant, Wilson Cross; 
and Second Lieutenant and Quartermaster, Alfred G. Loyd. 

The six officers and one hundred and sixteen men answered 
the query of the Governor as to whether they would enlist in the 
United States Volunteer Service in the affirmative, and as orders 
had not been received to recruit to a greater number than the State 
had authorized, on the muster in First Lieutenant and Surgeon 
William C. Wallace returned home, no provision having been made 
for a surgeon to accompany the command. Second Lieutenant 
Alfred G. Loyd accepted the position of Quartermaster Sergeant. 
Four men were rejected in the physical examination. On May 8th 
the remaining four officers and seventy-eight men were mustered into 
the United States Volunteers, the rejected men returning home and 
the balance enlisting in the Fourteenth and Eighteenth Regiments. 

The armament of the Battery consisted of two 3.2 breech 
loading rifles, and with this equipment we embarked on May 18th 
for Chickamauga, Georgia, and arrived at Camp Thomas on May 

[171] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

20th, where we reported to General Brooke. The Battery was 
brigaded with eleven other volunteer batteries under command of 
Brigadier General E. B. Williston. Two additional 3.2 breech 
loading rifles were issued to the command shortly after our arrival 
at Camp Thomas. 

Orders were received about the middle of June to recruit the 
Battery to war strength, or one hundred and seventy-three men, 
and Lieutenant Marks was ordered to Pittsburgh for recruits. On 
arrival in Pittsburgh, Lieutenant Marks found that the Hampton 
Battery Veteran Association had received a large number of ap 
plications, so that he was able to enlist ninety-five fine looking and 
representative Pittsburgh soldiers and report with them at Camp 
Thomas on the 28th of June. 

The Battery drilled constantly and efficiently under the super 
vision of General Williston and Major George B. Rodney, of the 
Fourth Field Artillery. The Battery Commander ordered the com 
mand to drink only boiled water, and at regular intervals marched 
the command to remote points on the Chickamauga Creek for bath 
ing. A most rigid and careful discipline regarding camp hygiene 
was maintained, with the result that only three men contracted 
typhoid fever during the entire term of service. 

The Battery was selected as part of a Battalion commanded 
by Major Rodney, which Battalion was ordered on July 1 6th for 
Newport News, Virginia, enroute either to reinforce General 
Shafter in Cuba, or to Puerto Rico. On arrival at Newport News 
the Battery was ordered to embark for Puerto Rico on the trans 
port Roumania. Owing to the excellent care given the stock the 
command reached Puerto Rico without the loss of a single animal. 
This was an excellent record for a volunteer command, as the load 
ing and unloading of the horses and mules required the greatest of 
care. The transport ran aground off the port of Guanico, but later 

[172] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

landed there, where orders were received to report to General Miles, 
at Ponce. Upon our arrival at Ponce, orders were received to pro 
ceed to Arroyo and report to General Brooke. 

The Battery arrived at Arroyo on the morning of August 3d, 
and the unloading of stock commenced at once. There were two 
lighters available for the purpose. They were brought along side 
the transport, which was anchored about four miles from the shore, 
and the horses and mules were lifted out of the transport in canvas 
slings, and the lighters towed by a steam launch to within an eighth 
of a mile of the land. The animals were then driven to the shore. 

In order to facilitate the unloading of the guns and heavier 
baggage, the Battery, with the aid of a large detail of the Third 
Wisconsin Infantry, erected a wharf. Several wrecked barges were 
filled with sand for use as piers on which to build the superstructure 
by running stringers from one sunken barge to another. This wharf 
was used to unload the guns and heavy baggage of the entire First 
Army Corps, and was erected in nine hours. The next day the same 
detail erected a bridge over a creek on the road leading from Arroyo. 
This bridge was eighty-five feet from abutment to abutment, twelve 
feet wide, and thirty-five feet from the bed of the creek. When 
complete it was rigid enough to permit artillery and cavalry to trot 
over it. The structure will be quite a lasting one, as it was built 
largely of redwood and mahogany. 

The command was encamped for a week at Arroyo in an old 
sugar cane field, during which period the entire Battalion partici 
pated in target practice with both percussion and time shells, at 
ranges of from two thousand to five thousand yards. Our work 
received the commendation of the officers, who said that the regulars 
could do no better. 

On the evening of August 12th the Battery moved forward 
into the town of Guayama, occupying it after the Spaniards had 

[173] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

been driven out by the Fourth Ohio, the Fourth Pennsylvania, and 
the Third Wisconsin Infantry. On the 13th the Battery moved 
forward through the town of Guayama and up the military road 
through the mountains toward El Caney. Battery B was with the 
advance outpost of the column. The Battery arrived about nine 
o clock in the morning near the summit of the mountains, where 
the Spaniards had made strong entrenchments and disputed the for 
ward march of the column. General Brooke ordered the army 
deployed and a delay of nearly two hours occurred while the various 
infantry columns moved to their position, which was very difficult to 
obtain in the mountainous country. In the meantime, General 
Brooke gave orders that the Battery, which had been advanced as 
far as possible, be put in action front, in echelon. The target of 
two block houses, at the top of the hill about twenty-five hundred 
yards away, was first given as the point to attack and demolish if 
possible, after which orders were given to shell the point wherct 
earthworks were supposed to exist. The guns were all loaded and 
waiting the command of the General to commence firing when news 
was received through General McLaughlin, of the United States 
Signal Corps, that a Peace Protocol had been signed, and that 
by order of the President the cessation of hostilities would immedi 
ately take place. 

The command was ordered to return to Guayama, where they 
went into camp and remained until August 23d, when they were 
ordered to Ponce to take transport to New York. The march to 
Ponce was made over very rough roads without loss or delay. 

On September 3d a detail of the Battery was ordered to 
unload the transports which were to take them to New York. The 
Battery also worked upon the unloading of other transports, which 
were to take other commands before the departure of the artillery 
battalion. 

[174] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 

On September 7th the command left their camp and marched 
to the port of Ponce, where ten days rations were issued and the 
baggage and equipment loaded on the transport Concho, which 
sailed on the 8th for New York. We arrived at the latter point on 
September 15th, where we were met by Major Richardson, of the 
State Arsenal and a Committee of the Hampton Battery Veteran 
Association. The guns and other ordnance stores were sent from 
Jersey City to Rock Island and Watervliet Arsenals. 

On September 1 6th the command returned to Pittsburgh and 
marched through the streets in a short parade, being very enthusi 
astically received by the citizens. Each man was given a verbal 
furlough for two days and thereafter was furloughed for sixty days. 

The command was ordered to return to the place of enrollment 
in Pittsburgh on November 1 7th, and in two days were mustered 
out of the United States Volunteer service under date of November 
27, 1898, an additional ten days furlough having been granted. 

The Battery sustained a very severe loss in the untimely death 
of their First Sergeant, Samuel J. Stewart, who died in the Alle 
gheny General Hospital on November 15, 1898, of pneumonia. 
He was given a military funeral by the entire membership of the 
Battery on the 1 8th. 

On December 1 9, 1 898, the command was reorganized into 
the National Guard service, making it the most rapidly reorganized 
company which had served during the Spanish War. 



[175] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 
ROSTER OF HAMPTON BATTERY B. 

OFFICERS. 

ALFRED E. HUNT, Captain 
EDWARD EICHENLAUB, First Lieutenant 
ALFRED W. MARKS, First Lieutenant 
WlLSON CROSS, JR., Second Lieutenant 
SAMUEL J. STEWART, First Sergeant 
GEORGE E. FORREST, Sergeant 
WILLIAM T. REES, Sergeant 
THOMAS J. GREED, Sergeant 
ADDISON H. SALLADE, Sergeant 

AUDLEY A. HUTCHISON, Sergeant 

HARRY S. LYDICK, Sergeant 
ROBERT W. BISSELL, Corporal 
FRANK P. COENNEN, Corporal 
JAMES A. GORMLEY, Corporal 
GEORGE A. GILL, Corporal 
SAMUEL B. HENRY, Corporal 
THOMAS C. HALL, Corporal 
ANTHONY J. LOEFFLER, Corporal 
JAMES A. LOWERY, Corporal 
HOSEA J. LEVIS, Corporal 
GEORGE H. MATHESON, Corporal 
LORIN B. OHLINGER, Corporal 
CLARENCE H. POWELL, Corporal 
J. LAVAILLE STUART, Corporal 
DANIEL B. SULLIVAN, Corporal 
HARVEY M. SUPLEE, Corporal 
WILLIAM P. BATTLE, Musician 
WILLIAM A. BARCLAY, Musician 
MELVIN B. ASH, Artificer 
J. EDWARD SMITH, Artificer 
CHARLES A. SANFORD, Artificer 

[176] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 



PRIVATES. 



CHARLES W. ADAMS 
MARTIN C. BAKER 
GEORGE L. BARKER 
JOHN D. BARRETT 
CHARLES E. BAYNE 
WALTER J. BESSER 
MILTON W. C. BIGGAM 
HENRY BLUM 
ALPHEUS E. BOYD 
GEORGE H. BRADY 
JAMES H. BRAITHWAITE 
ELMER E. BRATT 
CHARLES R. BROWN 
GEORGE W. BRUNER 
PERRY BRYAN 
JAY BUCHANAN 
CLINTON T. BUNDY 
WILLIAM L. CARPENTER 
JOHN S. CAUGHEY 
Louis C. CLARK 
CYRUS K. CLARK 
GEORGE I. COCHRAN 
JACOB W. COENNEN 
JOHN COENNEN 
MATHIAS COENNEN 
CHARLES COLLINS 
OLIVER S. COLWES 
EDWARD S. COOK 
FRANK A. COWELL 



SAMUEL L. CRUMAY 
Louis E. CUMPSTON 
MICHAEL CUNNINGHAM 
FRANK H. DABBS 
JOHN G. DAILEY 
WALTER A. DOUGLAS 
JOHN C. DOUTHITT 
HEZEKIAH N. DUFF 
CLARENCE DUNKLE 
CHARLES E. ELLIS 
FRANK R. ELSRODE 
HARRY G. ERUST 
WILLIAM H. EVERSON 
JOSEPH F. FELTWELL 
FRANCIS M. FILLER 
JOHN W. FISHER 
MARION FORSE 
CHARLES FRANCIS 
FREDERICK C. FRANK 
JOSEPH FRANTZ 
FRANK M. FRIESELL 
JOSEPH F. FURRER 
ROBERT F. GEIGER 
WILLIAM GELTZ 
JOHN C. GILL 
JAMES F. GREY 
SAMUEL A. GREY 
EDWARD C. GRIGGS 
FRANK K. HALL 
177] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 



ALBERT HAND 
THOMAS HANTON 
WILLIAM C. HASSON 
AUSTIN B. HAYNES 
FRANK C. HAYS 
HUGH HEISTER 
CLARENCE R. HENDERSON 
WILLIAM M. HENDERSON 
ANDREW J. HESSER 
WILLIAM W. HILL 
JOHN G. HOSICK 
RECTOR HUDSON 
ROBERT F. HULL 
JAMES B. HUNTER 
JOHN GILL JORDAN 
JOHN A. KECK 
WILLIAM A. KLINGENSMITH 
WILLIAM H. LEE 
SIMEON R. LOOMIS 
WALTER W. LONGWELL 
ALFRED G. LOYD 
JOHN E. MARQUIS 
DANIEL J. McCABE 
JAMES McCLAiN 
H. M. MCCLARRAN 
WILLIAM W. MCCORMICK 
RAY McCuLLouGH 
WILLIAM J. McDADE 

C. P. McFARLAND 

JOSEPH R. McGRAW 
JAMES MC!NTYRE 



THOMAS C. McKEAN 
ARTHUR V. McKEE 
LEROY McKiTRiCK 
WORTH McKiTRiCK 
D. H. MCLAUGHLIN 
WILLIAM H. MCMASTERS 
JACOB J. MEHRINGER 
FRANK H. MELLON 
JOSEPH C. MITCHELL 
JOHN L. MORGAN 
MINOR E. MORROW 
ELMER MYERS 
GEORGE F. MYERS 
DANIEL NEELY 
ALEXANDER B. NEVIN 
WILLIAM C. NEVIN 
EDWARD J. NULL 
JAMES D. PATTERSON 
THEODORE E. PAYNE 
HENRY B. PEELER 
CHARLES S. PERRINE 
CLARENCE C. PRESTON 
JOHN S. PURUCKER 
JOHN F. REICHEIMER 
CLIFTON B. REIGHARD 
DANIEL T. RODGERS 
JOSEPH J. RYAN 
CHARLES R. SCHAUM 
GEORGE W. SCHMIDT 
JAMES H. SCOTT 
FRANK SEMPLE, JR. 



[178] 



HAMPTON BATTERY. 



GEORGE E. SHEPLER 
CHARLES O. SMART 
WILLIAM J. SMITH 
CHARLES F. SPANG 
SAMUEL W. SPRAGUE 
JOHN W. SPRINGER 
JAMES C. STEWART 
ROBERT STEWART 
WILLIAM J. STEWART 
CHARLES STOEHR, JR. 
THOMAS O. STUART 
EDWARD J. SULLIVAN 
JOHN SUNDAY 



WILLIAM T. SUPLEE 
WILLIAM E. THOMPSON 
JOSEPH F. TOOMEY 
JESSE A. TURNER 
CHARLES B. WARREN 
WILLIAM C. WASHBURN 
BURT C. WASSON 
LLOYD C. WEAVER 
CHARLES C. WILLIAMS 
RICHARD WILLIAMS 
GEORGE W. WELSH 
HARRY S. WILT 
WALTER YINGST 





[179] 



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